Professor from Medipol Mega University Hospital, Department of Chest Diseases. Dr. Muhammed Emin Akkoyunlu made statements about the importance of sleep, saying that there are 87 different diseases that disrupt the sleep structure.
Stating that there are 87 different diseases that disrupt the sleep structure, Medipol Mega University Hospital Chest Diseases Department prof. Dr. Muhammed Emin Akkoyunlu, “If the factors that disrupt the sleep structure are not detected, no matter how much sleep you sleep, it will cause serious problems because the quality of sleep is poor. For this reason, the most important thing for us is whether we sleep during the day or not. This is an important marker for sleep disorders. At the same time, whether you get enough sleep when you wake up in the morning and whether there is snoring at the same time are important parameters.
Saying that sleep is indispensable for all living things, Akkoyunlu said, “The need and form of sleep stages change partially according to the age of the person. Sleep ensures that the information we have cached is thrown into the long memory. It helps to process information. At the same time, it forms the main basic building blocks that enable the use of the brain, which we call the mind, by establishing links between brain cells. It also provides concentration and reflex coordination. In addition, it regulates the rhythm of the heart, the way it works and the cardiovascular system. It promotes growth by regulating hormones. In particular, growth hormone is secreted only at night. That's why mothers say that their children should sleep and grow, they don't say that they should eat and grow. When he eats, he gains weight, but when he sleeps, he grows.”
Affects skin health
Emphasizing that growth hormone in adults has a very serious function despite growth arrest, Akkoyunlu said, “In adults, growth hormone provides the delay of aging, the protection of skin integrity, the beauty of the skin, the protection and maintenance of all organs. At the same time, sleep is the way to secrete the hormones necessary to prevent the development of diabetes and the emergence of conditions related to excessive weight gain, which we call metabolic syndrome. In short, sleep is one of the most important parameters to exist and live during the day.
Sleep stages may differ according to hormonal balance.
Reminding that there is an intense need for sleep at all ages, Akkoyunlu said, “The need for sleep is at the maximum level in childhood and early childhood. Newborn babies sleep around 20 hours a day. They spend around 1 or 2 hours just for feeding. This need gradually decreases with age. By the age of 12 to 13, about 8 to 9 hours of sleep is needed. During adolescence, a change occurs in the sleep phase. Normally, there is a sleep period between 22.00:08.00 in the evening and 7:8 in the morning, while a shift in the sleep phase may occur in adolescence due to the activation of hormones. For example, adolescents may stay up a little later for this. This is due to the effect of hormonal balance on sleep timing. When we look at the adult period, an average of 65-XNUMX hours of sleep is needed. The same is true for the age of XNUMX, that is, the period we call old age," he said.
Improving the quality of sleep is important for our health.
Akkoyunlu, who stated that there is a change in the stages of sleep as the age progresses, said, “As we get older, sleep is more often divided due to health conditions or due to frequent urination. Beyond these, a decrease in deep sleep and REM sleep occurs. However, it has been shown that the life expectancy of the elderly who do not have a decrease in REM and deep sleep is much longer, cardiovascular diseases are less common, and they look much younger than their peers. As a result, although the amount, duration and time of sleep vary according to age and additional diseases, all people need a regular, sufficient and healthy sleep. Perhaps the most important thing here is the existence of 87 different diseases that cause disorders in the structure of sleep. If these are not detected, no matter how long you sleep, it will cause serious symptoms and problems because the quality of sleep is poor.
The biggest symptom of sleep apnea is snoring.
Emphasizing that the most common disease is sleep apnea syndrome, Akkoyunlu concluded his words as follows:
“This group of diseases occurs due to the narrowing of the upper respiratory tract. The biggest symptom is snoring. At the same time, it is a condition that we call excessive daytime sleepiness, that is, the existence of sleep during the day when one should normally stay awake. For this reason, the most important factor for us is whether we sleep during the day or not. This is an important marker for sleep disorders. At the same time, when you get up in the morning, it is an important indicator whether you get enough sleep and whether there is snoring. If there is no problem in any structure of your sleep or there is no change in the duration of your sleep, but you still suffer from insomnia during the day, if you wake up tired in the morning and there is talk of snoring, then you should definitely consult a chest diseases doctor.