Dermatology Specialist Dr. Bilge Ateş gave information about the subject. Hormones secreted during pregnancy trigger skin spots!
During pregnancy, the skin becomes very sensitive due to increased hormones and the risk of staining increases. Allergies, acne, itching, skin cracks, redness of the hands and feet, changes in hair and nails, exacerbations of some skin diseases can be seen. The most negative effect of the sun on the skin during pregnancy is the increase in the risk of blemishes. This is the development of the mask of pregnancy, which we call chloasma or melasma in medicine. Melasma usually begins to appear towards the 4th month of pregnancy and is concentrated in areas where the sun's rays are more perpendicular to the face, such as the forehead, cheeks, nose and upper lip. It appears as brown spots. Genetic predisposition and skin type of the person are important in the formation of melasma. It is more common in people with darker skin types. It usually disappears after birth as the increased hormones return to normal levels. However, if there is intense exposure to the sun's rays during pregnancy, these spots may be permanent.
Skin spots during pregnancy are a common problem. The main reason for this is the hormones estrogen and progesterone secreted during pregnancy. As the sensitivity of the sun increases against ultraviolet rays, spots can be seen on the skin. The spots that occur most frequently on the cheeks, upper lip and forehead in the face area can occur on the outer surface of the chest, neck and arms as well as the face. The spots that occur in places that are not exposed to the sun appear darkly and generally disappear after pregnancy. During pregnancy, the possibility of developing an allergic rash to the sun's rays is also high. Unnecessary risks should be avoided during pregnancy and unprotected contact with the sun should be avoided. Short-term sunbathing can be done, provided that sunscreen is applied in the early morning and afternoon.
If melasma has not disappeared after pregnancy and breastfeeding, spots can be treated with local care, meotherapies, and various laser applications. For this, a dermatologist should be consulted.