Stating that burnout syndrome mostly occurs in work environments where competition is intense, Psychiatrist Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan points out that it manifests itself with physical symptoms such as fatigue and emotional symptoms such as pessimism and hopelessness. Stating that the individual experiences mental blocking in the burnout syndrome and their productivity decreases, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “We see this syndrome mostly in people working in the service sector and in jobs that require constant urgency. One of the characteristics of these people is that they have a high sense of responsibility. Tarhan states that burnout syndrome is less common in workplaces where words of appreciation, praise and approval are used extensively. Üsküdar University Founding Rector, Psychiatrist Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan evaluated the burnout syndrome. prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan stated that the syndrome known as burnout syndrome entered the literature in the 70s and said that what caused it to emerge is that it differs from depression in some aspects.
Very common in industrial societies
Noting that burnout syndrome is very common in industrial societies and environments where competition is intense, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “It comes out more easily in environments where competition is intense and social support is weak, and it is very closely related to the inability to manage one's stress. The word stress is actually a concept that emerged with industrialization. The word stress first appeared in the mining industry in the 1800s as an intersection point, stress point, pressure point, pressure point. The fatigue of the miners and the places where the mine loads were above normal were defined as stressful. After the 60s, he entered the medical literature.” said.
The body's fight-flight response to stress
Stating that a Canadian physiologist about stress made a very good discovery, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “It revealed the body's stress-fight and flight response. In the moment of danger, the body reacts in two ways. It's either fighting or fleeing. If he fights, the nervous system is stimulated by the adrenaline secreted, the shoulder and neck back muscles contract, the vascular resistance increases, the blood pressure rises, the pupils dilate, the attention increases, the muscles tense, and the feeling of fighting for attack and defense occurs. Or, if the danger is too great, a feeling of escape occurs. The brain secretes neuro energy too much, blood pressure drops and the person falls and faints. This is an indication that the brain is having a purely physiological response.” Stating that the body is very sensitive about burnout syndrome and physical symptoms appear, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “The person has an extremely great tiredness. One does not want to take a glass and put it on the other side. If she is a housewife, her eyes are big on washing dishes, she feels the need to rest while climbing the stairs, and she has irregularity in sleep. Disruption in this sleep pattern, exhaustion, feeling of tiredness attract attention as physical symptoms. That's why we call it burnout." said.
The person feels trapped
Noting that emotional symptoms also occur in burnout syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “The most important emotional symptoms are that the person is pessimistic, hopeless, seeing himself as worthless and unsuccessful, losing his professional self-confidence, and saying, "I can't do it, I can't succeed." There are even those who call it the trapped syndrome. The person feels trapped in such a state of mind. Imagine being thrown into a bottomless, deep pit. What mood do you feel? That's how these people feel.” said.
There is mental blocking.
Stating that there are intellectual symptoms in this syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “If these people normally managed their thoughts, they could manage their emotions and stress, but they cannot use their psychological resources because they are mentally exhausted and collapsed. Because when they think all the time, the brain always thinks negative things 60 minutes out of 59 minutes. They think, 'I can't do it, I can't do it, this job is beyond me, I'm done now'. There is mental blocking here, there is despair and pessimism.” he said.
Behavioral distortions appear
Pointing out the behavioral symptoms in burnout syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “There is also deterioration in the field of behavior. This person has social withdrawal and is isolated from people in such situations. More burnout syndrome is very common in the service sector, people who cannot say no to people easily fall into burnout syndrome. Since he can't say no, he throws it in and says I'm exhausted, I can't. We see it appearing in artists. They can leave the shooting unfinished, they can leave the set.” He said. Noting that there was no need for drug treatment in the burnout syndrome at first, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “We only change the thinking habits of these people. We are changing the way we look at things, the way we handle things. As such, he learns and manages that stress is manageable, that it is actually a way of coping with it.” he said.
Here productivity drops
Noting that people with burnout syndrome, their productivity at work decreases and their small problems aggravate too much, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “Their functionality is very low, there are people who cannot provide job satisfaction. We see this syndrome mostly in people working in the service sector and in jobs that require constant urgency. One of the characteristics of these people is their high sense of responsibility. Because they have a high sense of responsibility, they cannot say no to anyone and cannot tolerate failure. In fact, they have thoughts such as 'it's better if I die after failing'. This is a well-intentioned approach, but there are limits to human beings.” he said.
Take small breaks
Making some recommendations to prevent burnout syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “A person has to take responsibility and burden according to the situation, condition and position at the workplace. You need to take small breaks. If small breaks cannot be given, a moratorium is required after a while. He says I'm exhausted, bankrupt. When he's exhausted from everything, he leaves things unfinished by relying on him." said.
They always complain and focus on the negative.
Noting that these people's thinking habits are wrong in burnout syndrome, which can be felt with preliminary symptoms, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “These people always complain. They always complain about their situation. They can't be happy with the little things, they can't see the positive things they have, they always focus on the negative things. 'Despite my hard work, very little kazanThey say, 'I think I am not enough, I get tired very quickly, I have no reason and pessimism'. In these people, forgetfulness increases a lot along with getting tired quickly. We see that these people are people who get upset very easily. They are very picky. Physical illnesses begin to occur more frequently in these people. For example, he does not smile from his heart. He tends to make sex seem like a duty, without pleasure.” he said.
Can be eliminated with psychotherapy
Stating that the World Health Organization classified this syndrome as a disease and defined it as burnout syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said that when the syndrome was noticed in the initial period, it disappeared with psychotherapy. Noting that people with the syndrome have achieved many things easily in life, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “Currently, the new generation is a conformist generation. He achieved many things easily and without effort. No, no, he doesn't know. He doesn't know what hunger is. He has never been challenged in any period of his life. How did the difficulties experienced by our new generation grandfathers, how we fought the War of Independence? kazanHe doesn't know we are. It is necessary to learn to struggle in the face of difficulties and to cope with problems.” said.
Philosophy of life is important in the protective period
Stating that there is a protective period before the burnout syndrome, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “A person's philosophy of life in the protective period is very important here. If you get offended at a small obstacle, you can enter the burnout syndrome, but pain develops a person. Some psychologists have even done research on birth types. Stress levels of children born by normal birth and cesarean section were measured. Children born by cesarean section, that is, children born without entering the birth canal, come out of the mother's womb easily. In these children, stress hormone is secreted more when a needle is inserted into their heels, but less stress hormone is secreted when a needle is inserted into the heels of children who pass through the birth canal with difficulty for one or two hours. How is this explained? These children's struggles at birth make them stronger. That's why Nietzsche's saying is a very good saying: 'Blows that don't kill make you stronger.' ” he said.
Psychological resilience strengthens education
Advising the person to switch to plan B, not necessarily plan A, as soon as the burnout syndrome is felt, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan, “Let them create an alternative change. This syndrome is very common in people who are hasty and impatient. One of the most important risks of new young people is to be hasty and impatient, saying get it right now. We give them endurance training. We provide psychological resilience training. They come out stronger after a while.” He said. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said that there are things that managers can do in the workplace in burnout syndrome.
Job satisfaction may prevent burnout syndrome
Expressing that people's job satisfaction is very important, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Tarhan said, “A person gets high motivation by saying, "You have to do it, you have to succeed, you are a lion, and when you can't do that job, he leaves himself." However, in such situations, one needs small achievements and rewards. Burnout syndrome is less common in workplaces where words of appreciation, praise and approval are used intensively, but it is more common in workplaces where there is constant criticism. Burnout syndrome increases in environments where there is negative communication and where it is tried to be managed by intimidating with anger, shouting and calling. Burnout syndrome is less common in workplaces that are managed through dialogue and sharing, and where there is open communication.” said.