Today in History: Water Illnesses Started at Atatürk Dam

Water Starts in Ataturk Dam
Water Starts in Ataturk Dam

January 13 is the 13nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 352.


  • 13 January 1931 Atatürk after saying that railways are a more important weapon of defense than a rifle in Malatya, the Turkish nation says, X The Turkish nation is the first artisanship in its east; he will boast that his iron-making work has shown his work again. Railways are the ways of prosperity and civilization of the Turkish nation. The economic life in Turkey will be with the high development of the railways. The independence of the nation's happiness will go through these paths. Millet


  • 1830 - Great New Orleans (Louisiana) fire started.
  • 1840 – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks off Long Island (New York): 139 people die.
  • 1854 - American Anthony Faas patented the accordion.
  • 1863 – Darülfünun started its education life with the public physics course given by Chemist Derviş Pasha.
  • 1888 - The National Geographic Society is founded.
  • 1898 – Emile Zola's open letter, titled J'accuse (I Accuse), published in the newspaper L'Aurore brought the Dreyfus case to public attention.
  • 1915 – Earthquake in Avezzano (Italy): 29.800 dead.
  • 1920 – A large rally was held in Sultanahmet Square with the participation of 150 thousand people.
  • 1923 – Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Rauf Bey (Orbay), announced the Government's opinion on the Lausanne Conference in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • 1928 – At the meeting of Ankara University Faculty of Law Students' Association, it was decided that "No language other than Turkish can be spoken in Turkey".
  • 1930 - Mickey Mouse cartoons began to be published in American newspapers.
  • 1931 - Japanese Prince Takamutsu arrived in Turkey.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: Bread Scorecard application was started.
  • 1943 – The Primary School Teachers' Health and Social Assistance Fund (Ilksan) was established under the Law No. 4357 under the Ministry of Education.
  • 1944 – The “welfare disaster” trial ended. Admiral Mehmet Ali Ülgen and all the defendants were acquitted.
  • 1947 – Pan Am Airline Company started New York-London-Ankara flights.
  • 1951 – The Democratic Party's attack on the communists and the withholding of the TKP.
  • 1956 – The motion requesting an investigation against Adnan Menderes and Namık Gedik due to the 6-7 September Incidents was rejected.
  • 1957 – The Wham-O Company produces the first frisbee.
  • 1958 – The United States launches the space satellite Explorer 1.
  • 1959 – Women lawyers filed a lawsuit against Refik Erduran. They claimed that the honor and dignity of women were damaged in Erduran's work titled “One Kilogram of Honor”.
  • 1966 – Hürriyet newspaper published the news of journalist Cüneyt Arcayürek regarding the letter written by the President of the United States of America Lyndon Johnson to former Prime Minister İsmet İnönü. The letter and İnönü's reply letter were made public on January 14th, after being discussed in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on January 15th. This letter was written during the Cyprus crisis of 1964 and Lyndon Johnson in his letter requested that Turkey not intervene in Cyprus.
  • 1968 – Republican People's Party (CHP) Chairman İsmet İnönü clashed with the Workers' Party of Turkey (TIP); "Now they want to compete with us for the right direction about development, the plan, foreign capital, the future of oil and the anti-imperialist struggle," he said.
  • 1969 – Devekuşu Cabaret Theater staged the play “Bir Şehr-i İstanbul Ki”.
  • 1970 – Fakir Baykurt, director of the Turkish Teachers' Union (TÖS), was suspended by the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey.
  • 1982 – A Boeing 737 passenger plane belonging to Air Florida Airline, just after takeoff, crashed into the 14th Street bridge in Washington, United States and then crashed into the Potomac river: 78 people were killed.
  • 1983 – 12th execution of the September 25 Coup: Adem Özkan, who killed his grandfather, who made a living by selling his fields, by strangling him with gloves while he was asleep, was executed after he put his last fields up for sale in 1976.
  • 1983 – The 12th execution of the September 26 Coup: Hüseyin Çaylı, who killed the child by suffocating him by suffocating him after he said that he would "complain about him to his parents" in 1974, killed the child by hitting him on the head with a large stone, was executed.
  • 1983 – The 12th execution of the September 27 Coup: In 1974, he told his relative, a 12-year-old girl, "Let's eat watermelon, let's go to your melon field." Osman Demiroğlu, who tricked him into raping and strangling him in the field, was executed.
  • 1984 – President Kenan Evren's notes on the day: “I received great interest from students at METU. They showed love. I thought, before September 12, 1980, could the president have come to the university and entered the private classrooms like this? If this situation has been reached from that point, it means that the benefit of the peace and security environment provided by the September 12 Operation will emerge spontaneously.”
  • 1986 – The proposal to increase the sentences given to perpetrators of torture and to have the lawyers of the accused be present during the interrogation was rejected in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1986 – Undersecretariat for Defense Industries was established.
  • 1990 – Water retention started in the Atatürk Dam.
  • 1990 – L. Douglas Wilder, the first black governor of the United States, takes office in Virginia.
  • 1992 – Japan, II. He apologized for the way Japanese soldiers forced tens of thousands of Korean women to become sex slaves during World War II.
  • 1993 – "Hammer Power" planes departing from Incirlik Air Base also participated in the second operation launched against Iraq.
  • 1993 – Samanyolu TV was founded.
  • 1994 – Baskent University was founded.
  • 1994 – On strike, civil servants protested in Ankara to demand collective bargaining union rights and to protest the 15% salary increase. The police intervened against the officers. Ankara Police Chief Orhan Taşanlar slapped some officers.
  • 1994 – Istanbul Metropolitan Mayor candidate Bedrettin Dalan said, “Dolmabahçe Palace is a disgrace for art and its architect is Armenian Balyan Usta”. The Chamber of Architects reacted to these words of Dalan.
  • 1997 – Special team officers Ayhan Çarkın, Oğuz Yorulmaz and Ercan Ersoy were arrested and sent to prison as part of the Susurluk investigation. On 14 January, Sedat Bucak's 3 guards and his driver were transferred to the DGM. Protection police officer Ömer Kaplan was released by the prosecutor's office. The driver and 2 police officers were arrested.
  • 2001 – 7,6 magnitude earthquake in El Salvador: 840 people died.
  • 2007 – Louise Brown, who was born by cesarean section in 1978 as the world's first test tube baby, gave birth naturally.
  • 2007 – An 8,3 magnitude earthquake struck the Pacific Ocean, north of Japan.
  • 2010 – A magnitude 7 earthquake struck Haiti. Between 30.000 and 50.000 people died.
  • 2010 – Hulki Cevizoğlu resigned from the General Presidency of DSHP.
  • 2012 – The founding President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Rauf Denktaş, passed away in the hospital where he was hospitalized due to respiratory failure.


  • 1737 – Joseph Hilarius Eckhel, Austrian Jesuit priest and numismatist (d. 1798)
  • 1801 – Vincenz Franz Kosteletzky, Bohemian bohemian and physician (d. 1887)
  • 1809 – Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust, German and Austrian statesman (d. 1886)
  • 1810 – Ernestine Rose, American author (d. 1892)
  • 1834 – John Gilbert Baker, English botanist (d. 1920)
  • 1855 – Otto Lehmann, German physicist (d. 1922)
  • 1857 – Anastasios Papulas, commander-in-chief of the Greek forces (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1928)
  • 1866 – Georgi Gurciyev, Russian teacher, guru, and writer (d. 1949)
  • 1866 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1871 – Mihal Grameno, Albanian nationalist, politician, writer, freedom fighter, and journalist (d. 1931)
  • 1879 – Melvin Jones, American founder of Lions Clubs International (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Herbert Brenon, Irish film director (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Wilhelm Worringer, German art historian (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Julio Baghy, Hungarian actor (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Chaim Soutine, Russian expressionist painter (d. 1943)
  • 1895 – Johannes Martinus Burgers, Dutch physicist (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Jane Marken, French actress (d. 1976)
  • 1899 – Lev Kuleshov, Soviet film theorist and director (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Zhou Youguang, Chinese economist, banker, and linguist (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Necati Cumalı, Turkish writer (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Şecaettin Tanyerli, Turkish tango singer (d. 1994)
  • 1933 – Shahnon Ahmad, Malaysian author, politician (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Edmund White, American author and researcher (known for his contributions to contemporary sociology and social history through works on the life of the gay community in the United States)
  • 1941 – Pasqual Maragall i Mira, Spanish (Catalan) politician
  • 1943 – Hadi Çaman, Turkish theater artist (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Ordal Demokan, Turkish scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1961 Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress and comedian
  • 1966 – Erhan Güleryüz, Turkish musician
  • 1966 Patrick Dempsey, American actor
  • 1972 – Ozan Doğulu, Turkish DJ and arranger
  • 1976 – Angelos Basinas, Greek national football player
  • 1976 – Mario Yepes, Colombian national football player
  • 1977 – Şeyla Halis, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1977 – Orlando Bloom, English film actor
  • 1978 – Seda Akman, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1983 – Ender Arslan, Turkish basketball player
  • 1983 – Lemi Philosopher, Turkish film and television actress
  • 1986 – Duygu Cetinkaya, Turkish actress
  • 1988 - Max Payne, computer game character


  • 888 – III. Charles, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 839)
  • 1599 – Edmund Spenser, English poet (b. 1552)
  • 1658 – Edward Sexby, Puritan soldier and carrier of Leveller ideas (b. 1616)
  • 1717 – Maria Sibylla Merian, German entomologist, scientific illustrator, and naturalist (b. 1647)
  • 1800 – Peter von Biron, last duke of the Duchy of Courland (b. 1724)
  • 1806 – Georg Lorenz Bauer, German luteran theologian and covenant critic (b. 1755)
  • 1864 – Stephen Foster, American musician and songwriter (b. 1826)
  • 1871 – Henriette d'Angeville, Swedish climber (b. 1794)
  • 1885 – Schuyler Colfax, American journalist, businessman, and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1894 – William Henry Waddington, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • 1895 – Jacques Pucheran, French zoologist (b. 1817)
  • 1906 – Aleksandr Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1923 – Alexandre Ribot, French politician (b. 1842)
  • 1929 – Wyatt Earp, American lawman (b. 1848)
  • 1932 – Ernest Mangnall, English coach (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – James Joyce, Irish writer (famous for his novel Ulysses) (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Solomon Mikhoels, Soviet Jewish actor and artistic director (b. 1890)
  • 1949 – Aino Aalto, Finnish architect and designer (b. 1894)
  • 1957 – Ebül'ula Mardin, Turkish lawyer, academic, and politician (known for his work in civil law) (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – František Drtikol, Czech photographer (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Sabahattin Eyüboğlu, Turkish art historian, writer and critic (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Marcel Camus, French film director (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Kadri Şençalar, Turkish composer and oud player (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Muammer Erken, Turkish politician and Minister of Industry
  • 2003 – Norman Panama, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Michael Brecker, American jazz musician, tenor, and saxophonist (b. 1949)
  • 2009 – Mansour Rahbani, Lebanese composer and lyricist (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Lefter Küçükandonyadis, Turkish football player (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Rauf Raif Denktaş, Turkish Cypriot politician, lawyer and founding President of the TRNC (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Abdullah Mujtabawi, Iranian freestyle wrestler (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Yaşar Yücel, Turkish historian, academic and writer (b. 1934)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Old New Year

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done :8
done :8

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