Dr. Hasan Molaali from Yeni Yüzyıl University Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department explained the importance of 'physiotherapy and rehabilitation after orthopedic surgeries'.
While operations related to bones, muscles and nerves in the body are performed by Orthopedics and Traumatology physicians, the post-operative rehabilitation process is planned by Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation physicians. Rehabilitation after orthopedic surgeries plays an important role in the individual's independent return to daily activities, so the post-operative period is as important as surgeries. In fact, with the rehabilitation started before the operation, it strengthens the muscles as much as possible and facilitates the post-operative rehabilitation process.
What are the most common orthopedic surgeries?
- Hand surgery and microsurgery
- Shoulder and elbow surgery
- Foot and ankle surgery
- Arthroplasty surgery (Joint prostheses)
- spine surgery
- orthopedic oncology
- Pediatric orthopedics and traumatology
Why is it important to apply physical therapy and rehabilitation after surgery?
All physical therapy and rehabilitation methods applied after surgery help patients feel better both physically and psychologically. Complications that may develop after the operation are reduced. The process of returning to mobility and activities of daily living is accelerated. Thanks to the improvement in the operated area, patients can adapt to their daily work faster. It may be easier for the patients and their relatives to transition from the psychology of surgery to the psychology of recovery.
What are the methods used in orthopedic rehabilitation?
- Personalized exercise program
- proprioceptive training
- Electrotherapy agents (pain-relieving and muscle-strengthening electric currents)
- Hot and cold applications
- Superficial and deep heaters
- Medical massage
- Kinesiology taping methods
- CPM (Devices that apply continuous passive motion)
These are some of the methods we apply in orthopedic rehabilitation.
How long does the orthopedic rehabilitation process take?
The rehabilitation program may take a short or long time depending on the surgical method applied to the patient, the clinical condition of the patient and the results of the evaluation, usually between 10 days and 2 months.