Varicocele, which is one of the most common and correctable causes of male infertility, is the enlargement of the veins that carry the dirty blood from the testicles and therefore their inability to fulfill their duties. The most common symptoms of varicocele include swelling, swelling and pain in the testis. What is Varicocele? What are the Symptoms of Varicocele? How is Varicocele Treated? What are the Advantages of Micro Surgery in Varicocele?
Yeni Yüzyıl University Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Department of Urology, Prof. Dr. Fatih Altunrende 'answered the most frequently asked questions about varicocele'.
Infertility is defined as the inability of couples to get pregnant despite having regular sexual intercourse for one year. Infertility affects one out of every five couples in the society. Two out of every three infertile couples have a male factor. The most common cause of infertility in men is varicocele.
What is Varicocele?
Varicocele, which occurs as a result of structural deterioration in the veins of the testis, can be briefly described as varicose veins of the testis. Varicose veins prevent the dirty blood from moving away from the testicle. For this reason, the structure of the testis may deteriorate and its functions may deteriorate. Although it is more common on the left side, it can also be observed bilaterally. Although it is common in the society, it may not always be detected.
What are the Symptoms of Varicocele?
The main symptoms of varricocele can cause symptoms such as prominence of the vessels on the testis, pain, decrease in testicular volume and bruising, and they are also observed as asymptomatic. Physical examination is very important for the correct diagnosis of the disease. In addition to the examination, color Doppler ultrasound can also be used. It is extremely important to perform hormone and sperm analyzes before deciding on treatment.
How is Varicocele Treated?
Although varicocele treatment can be performed surgically, surgery may not be required for every varicocele. After the sperm test, blood test and examination results are evaluated together, the decision for surgery can be made. Although there are different methods for surgery, the microsurgical approach is the most appropriate.
What are the Advantages of Micro Surgery?
During microsurgery, the vessels are examined under a microscope. In the micro method, the possibility of accidental ligation of the artery is extremely low. In addition, the risk of recurrence after surgery is very low, as vessels that cannot be seen with the naked eye will be detected microscopically. Spontaneous pregnancy can be achieved after surgery, and assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization significantly increase the chances of success. For this reason, every man who has infertility problems should be evaluated by a urologist. The treatment to be done can prevent important problems such as testicular loss as well as child demand.