What are the Medical Equipment Needed in the Ambulance?

What are the Medical Equipment Needed in the Ambulance?
What are the Medical Equipment Needed in the Ambulance?

Ambulances, which are used to transport the sick or injured, can be used for transfer as well as providing emergency medical interventions. In general, it can be divided into 3 categories as land, air and sea. In particular, land ambulances have a loud siren system and emergency lighting. There are ambulances for animals as well as human ambulances. The difference between them is that the medical equipment inside the vehicle is suitable for animals. Vehicles to be used as ambulances must comply with some rules determined by official regulations. Type and shape of vehicles, dimensions such as width, length and height, siren and lighting equipment, communication and radio system, number of doors and opening angle, number of windows, ventilation and heating system, hiding places for medical devices and drugs, suspension system and design of the vehicle. standards are determined by regulation. Vehicles that do not comply with the legislation cannot operate. For each ambulance type, there is an obligation to have different types and numbers of medical equipment depending on the service to be provided. In case of lack of necessary medical devices and medical products, problems may arise both in the licensing and in the assignment process.

There are different types of land ambulances that can be used for different tasks that are specialized in themselves. These:

  • patient transport ambulance
  • emergency ambulance
  • intensive care ambulance
  • newborn ambulance
  • obese ambulance
  • motorized ambulance
  • Tracked Snow ambulance

Minimum Qualities and Quantities of Medical Devices, Tools and Materials to be Carried in the Ambulance

The following lists are required by the Ministry of Health to be present in ambulances. medicinal product are lists.

According to the regulation, there are 5 types of ambulances:

  • patient transport ambulance
  • emergency ambulance
  • intensive care ambulance
  • air ambulance
  • sea ​​ambulance

Patient Transport Ambulance

Emergency delivery kit – not mandatory

Main stretcher – 1 piece

Collar set – 1 piece

Resuscitation unit – not mandatory

Funeral bag – 2 pieces

Diagnostic set – 1 piece

Defibrillator with external pacemaker* – not mandatory

Injector pump – not mandatory

Dustpan (scoop) stretcher – not required

Heat-insulated container – not mandatory

Infusion pump – not mandatory

KED rescue vest – not mandatory

Butterfly set – 5 pieces

Combined stretcher (chair) – 1 piece

Central (central) vein catheter (catheter) – not required

Defibrillator with monitor – not mandatory

Various sizes of aspiration catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of injectors – 10 each

Various sizes of urinary catheters – 1 each

Various size urine bags – 1 each

Various sizes of nasal oxygen catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of oxygen masks – 1 each

Pericardial puncture kit – not mandatory

Portable surgical aspirator* – 1 pc

Portable oxygen cylinder* – 1 pc

Pulse oximetry* – not mandatory

Fixed surgical aspirator – 1 piece

Fixed oxygen cylinder and socket – 1 piece

IV pole – 2 pcs

Serum set – 5 pieces

Back board – 1 pc

Portable sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Fixed sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Inflatable splint set – 1 piece

Bag of essential medical supplies – 1 pc

Thermometer – 1 pc

Thoracic drainage kit – not mandatory

Traction splint set – not mandatory

Vacuum stretcher – not required

Burn kit – not mandatory

Reflective duty suit – 2 pcs

Adult and pediatric compatible transport mechanical ventilator with PEEP valve – not mandatory

Emergency Ambulance

Emergency delivery kit – 1 piece

Main stretcher – 1 piece

Collar set – 1 piece

Resuscitation unit – 1 pc

Funeral bag – 2 pieces

Diagnostic set – 1 piece

Defibrillator with external pacemaker* – 1 pc

Injector pump – 1 pc

Dustpan (scoop) stretcher – 1 piece

Heat-insulated container – 1 piece

Infusion pump – not mandatory

KED rescue vest – 1 piece

Butterfly set – 5 pieces

Combined stretcher (chair) – 1 piece

Central (central) vein catheter (catheter) – not required

Defibrillator with monitor – 1 pc

Various sizes of aspiration catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of injectors – 10 each

Various sizes of urinary catheters – 1 each

Various size urine bags – 1 each

Various sizes of nasal oxygen catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of oxygen masks – 1 each

Pericardial puncture kit – not mandatory

Portable surgical aspirator* – 1 pc

Portable oxygen cylinder* – 1 pc

Pulse oximeter* – 1 pc

Fixed surgical aspirator – 1 piece

Fixed oxygen cylinder and socket – 1 piece

IV pole – 2 pcs

Serum set – 5 pieces

Back board – 1 pc

Portable sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Fixed sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Inflatable splint set – 1 piece

Bag of essential medical supplies – 1 pc

Thermometer – 1 pc

Thoracic drainage kit – not mandatory

Traction splint set – 1 piece

Vacuum stretcher – 1 piece

Burn set – 1 piece

Reflective duty suit – 2 pcs

Adult and pediatric compatible transport mechanical ventilator with PEEP valve – 1 piece

Intensive Care Ambulance

Emergency delivery kit – 1 piece

Main stretcher – 1 piece

Collar set – 1 piece

Resuscitation unit – 1 pc

Funeral bag – 2 pieces

Diagnostic set – 1 piece

Defibrillator with external pacemaker* – 1 pc

Injector pump – 1 pc

Dustpan (scoop) stretcher – 1 piece

Heat-insulated container – 1 piece

Infusion pump – 1 pc

KED rescue vest – 1 piece

Butterfly set – 10 pieces

Combined stretcher (chair) – 1 piece

Central (central) vein catheter (catheter) – 1 piece

Defibrillator with monitor – 1 pc

Various sizes of aspiration catheters – 2 each

Various sizes of injectors – 15 each

Various sizes of urinary catheters – 2 each

Various size urine bags – 2 each

Various sizes of nasal oxygen catheters – 2 each

Various size oxygen masks – 2 each

Pericardial drilling kit – 1 piece

Portable surgical aspirator* – 1 pc

Portable oxygen cylinder* – 1 pc

Pulse oximeter* – 1 pc

Fixed surgical aspirator – 1 piece

Fixed oxygen cylinder and socket – 1 piece

IV pole – 4 pcs

Serum set – 10 pieces

Back board – 1 pc

Portable sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Fixed sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Inflatable splint set – 1 piece

Bag of essential medical supplies – 1 pc

Thermometer – 1 pc

Thorax drainage kit – 1 piece

Traction splint set – 1 piece

Vacuum stretcher – 1 piece

Burn set – 1 piece

Reflective duty suit – 2 pcs

Adult and pediatric compatible transport mechanical ventilator with PEEP valve – 1 piece

Air or Sea Ambulance

Emergency delivery kit – 1 piece

Main stretcher – 1 piece

Collar set – 2 piece

Resuscitation unit – 1 pc

Funeral bag – 2 pieces

Diagnostic set – 1 piece

Defibrillator with external pacemaker* – not mandatory

Dustpan (scoop) stretcher – 1 piece

Heat-insulated container – not mandatory

IV fluid bottle/bag hanger: 1pc

Infusion or syringe pump – 2 pcs

Butterfly set – 5 pieces

Combined stretcher (chair) – 1 piece

Complete reanimation bag – 1 pc

Central (central) vein catheter (catheter) – not required

Defibrillator with monitor – 1 pc

Various sizes of aspiration catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of injectors – 10 each

Various sizes of foley catheters – 1 each

Various size urine bags – 1 each

Various sizes of nasal oxygen catheters – 1 each

Various sizes of oxygen masks – 1 each

Oxygen system – 1 pc

Pericardial puncture kit – not mandatory

Portable surgical aspirator* – not mandatory

Portable oxygen cylinder* – not mandatory

Pulse oximeter* – 1 pc

Fixed surgical aspirator – 1 piece

Health personnel chair – 2 pcs

Stretcher safety lock – 1 piece

Stretcher rail – 1 piece

IV pole – 1 pcs

Serum set – 5 pieces

Portable sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – 1 piece

Fixed sphygmomanometer with stethoscope – not mandatory

Inflatable splint set – 1 piece

Bag of essential medical supplies – 1 pc

Thermometer – not required

Thoracic drainage kit – not mandatory

Traction splint set – 1 piece

Vacuum stretcher – 1 piece

Burn set – 1 piece

Reflective duty suit – not required

Adult and pediatric compatible transport mechanical ventilator with PEEP valve – 1 piece

Notes

If devices marked with an asterisk (*) are integrated into other devices, they are not required separately.

Resuscitation unit: Balloon valve mask set, laryngoscope set, portable oxygen tube, intubation tubes, airway tubes, oro/nasopharyngeal cannulas, colorimetric device

Diagnostic set: Otoscope, ophthalmoscope, rhinoscope

Inflatable splint set: Set of at least 6 different pieces

Bag of basic medical supplies: Ring cutting scissors, tourniquet, sterile sponge, compress, astringent material, gauze, elastic bandage, plaster

Burn kit: Aluminum burn blanket, burn wrap, burn gel

Oxygen system: Tank, spare cylinder, apparatus

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