Today in History: Mustafa Kemal and His Delegation Moved from Sivas to Ankara

Representation of Mustafa Kemal and His Delegation
Representation of Mustafa Kemal and His Delegation

December 19 is the 353th day of the year (354th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 12.

Railways

  • 19 December 1868 Naviator Davut Pasha was sent to Europe to search for suitable entrepreneurs who could build rail in Rumeli.
  • 19 December 1935 Sivas-Eskiköy line is opened.

Events

  • 1154 – On 25 October, II. Henry was crowned at Westminster Abbey Church.
  • 1805 - The French Army under Napoleon Bonaparte enters Warsaw.
  • 1909 – Germany's Borussia Dortmund football club was founded.
  • 1918 – In the Dörtyol District of Hatay Province, the first bullet against the French forces was fired by Ömer Hoca's son Mehmet (Kara Mehmet) in the Karakese Town.
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal and his delegation departed from Sivas to Ankara.
  • 1920 – Supporting the National Struggle Anatolia in Antalya newspaper began to be published.
  • 1948 – Izmir City Theater and Exhibition Center burned down.
  • 1950 - Dwight D. Eisenhower is appointed Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Forces.
  • 1965 - De Gaulle was re-elected President of France.
  • 1966 – The first Turkish car produced by the Koç Group Anadol offered for sale. The cash price was 26 thousand 800 liras.
  • 1968 – Pianist İdil Biret gave a concert in Paris with five of the world's famous virtuosos.
  • 1969 – The American 6th Fleet arrived in Izmir. The arrival of the fleet was protested and the American sailors were beaten.
  • 1975 – 2nd Turkish Press Convention was held.
  • 1978 – Kahramanmaraş Events started. In the events that lasted until 26 December, 111 people were killed and 176 people were injured.
  • 1983 – President Kenan Evren started to write his Memoirs, which will be published in 6 volumes in the future, in Harbiye Orduevi.
  • 1984 – China and the United Kingdom agree to hand over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1997.
  • 1986 – The Soviet Union announces that it has freed regime opponent Andrei Sakharov from internal exile and pardoned his wife (Yelena Bonner).
  • 1987 – Naim Süleymanoğlu wore the national jersey for the first time in the International Republic Weightlifting Tournament. He broke his own world records for snatch (60 kg), clean and jerk (150 kg) and total (188,5 kg) in the 337,5 kilos.
  • 1992 – “Operation Hope” was launched in Somalia. The Turkish Union participated in this operation.
  • 1993 – Kanal D started broadcasting.
  • 1994 – Olay TV was founded.
  • 2000 – 20 prisons, where death fasts and hunger strikes continue, were intervened. Back to Life On the first day of the operation, called Çanakkale and Ümraniye, the action was ended in 18 prisons, excluding the Çanakkale and Ümraniye prisons.
  • 2001 – The UN Security Council approved the deployment of an international force of at least 3 people to Kabul.
  • 2003 - Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi announces that his country has abandoned its goal of producing nuclear and chemical weapons.
  • 2016 – Russian Ambassador to Ankara Andrey Karlov was assassinated at an exhibition he attended in Ankara.

Births

  • 1683 – Felipe V, King of Spain (d. 1746)
  • 1819 – James Spriggs Payne, Liberian politician (d. 1882)
  • 1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1931)
  • 1861 Italo Svevo, Italian writer (d. 1928)
  • 1868 – Eleanor H. Porter, American author (d. 1920)
  • 1875 – Mileva Marić, Serbian physicist (d. 1948)
  • 1903 – George Davis Snell, American scientist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet politician (d. 1982)
  • 1909 – Mustafa Çakmak, Turkish wrestler (d. 2009)
  • 1910 – Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Edith Piaf, French singer (d. 1963)
  • 1920 – Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Cicely Tyson, American actress and model (d. 2021)
  • 1925 – Tankred Dorst, German playwright, storyteller and translator (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Fikret Otyam, Turkish painter and journalist (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Hugh Jack, Australian Olympic athlete (d. 2018)
  • 1933 – Galina Volçek, Soviet-Russian actress, theater, film director, politician, and educator (d. 2019)
  • 1934 - Pratibha Patil, 12th and first female president of India
  • 1940 – Philip Ochs, American protest musician (d. 1976)
  • 1941 – Li Myong-bak, a South Korean politician
  • 1941 – Maurice White, American soul, rock, reggae, funk musician (d. 2016)
  • 1944 – Verda Erman, Turkish pianist (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Alvin Lee, English guitarist and rock musician (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – William Christie, American hanging French music commentator
  • 1946 – Rosemary Conley is a British businesswoman, author, and publisher on exercise and health.
  • 1947 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish-English rock musician (d. 2016)
  • 1951 – Mohammad Reza Arif, Iranian politician and academic
  • 1952 – Walter Murphy, an American composer, arranger, pianist, musician, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1955 – Rob Portman, an American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Suzan Aksoy, Turkish actress
  • 1957 - Kevin McHale is an American professional basketball player.
  • 1957 – Hasan Atilla Uğur, Turkish soldier
  • 1958 – Xavier Beulin, French industrialist and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1961 – Eric Cornell, 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics kazanis an American physicist
  • 1963 – Jennifer Beals, American actress
  • 1963 – Til Schweiger, German actor, producer and director
  • 1964 – Beatrice Dalle, French actress
  • 1964 – Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian former basketball player
  • 1969 – Richard Hammond, British television presenter
  • 1969 – Aziza Mustafa Zadeh, Azerbaijani pianist, composer and singer
  • 1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress
  • 1973 – Müge Anlı, Turkish television presenter and journalist
  • 1975 – Cosmin Contra, Romanian football player
  • 1975 - Brandon Sanderson is an American fantasy and science fiction writer.
  • 1975 – Jeremy Soule is an American composer who composes soundtracks for film, television and video games
  • 1977 - Jorge Garbajosa, former Spanish professional basketball player
  • 1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor
  • 1982 – Tero Pitkämäki, Finnish athlete
  • 1982 – Mo Williams, American professional basketball player
  • 1985 - Gary Cahill, English football player
  • 1985 – Dan Logan is an English musician.
  • 1985 – Lady Sovereign, English rap and grime artist
  • 1986
  • Ryan Babel, Surinamese-Dutch football player
  • Lazaros Christodoulopoulos is a Greek international football player.
  • Miguel Lopes, Portuguese football player
  • 1987 – Karim Benzema, Algerian-born French national football player
  • 1987 - Ronan Farrow is an American journalist
  • 1987 – Jacob Kane, founder of the Brotherhood of NOD
  • 1988 – Alexis Sánchez, Chilean football player
  • 1991 – Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actor and singer
  • 1992 – Iker Muniain, Spanish national football player
  • 1994 - M'Baye Niang, He is a Senegalese national football player of French origin.

Deaths

  • 401 – Anastasius I, pope from 27 November 399 until his death on 19 December 401
  • 1370 – Urbanus V was the Pope during the period of 28 September 1362 – 19 December 1370. 6. Pope of Avignon (b. 1310)
  • 1741 – Vitus Bering, Danish sailor (b. 1681)
  • 1848 – Emily Brontë, English novelist (b. 1818)
  • 1851 – Joseph Mallord William Turner, English painter (b. 1775)
  • 1915 – Alois Alzheimer, German neurologist (b. 1864)
  • 1922 – Friedrich Delitzsch, German Assyriologist (b. 1850)
  • 1936 – Theodor Wiegand, German archaeologist (b. 1864)
  • 1940 – Tomás Carrasquilla, Colombian writer (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Kyösti Kallio, President of Finland (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – II. Abbas Hilmi Pasha, the last Khedive of Egypt in the Ottoman era (b. 1874)
  • 1946 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1948 – Joseph Friedrich Nicolaus Bornmüller, German botanist (b. 1862)
  • 1953 – Robert A. Millikan, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1868)
  • 1966 – İhsan İpekçi, Turkish writer and filmmaker (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Norman Thomas was an American politician, author, and Presbyterian pastor (b. 1884)
  • 1972 – Ahmet Emin Yalman, Turkish journalist, Homeland newspaper owner (b. 1888)
  • 1975 – William A. Wellman, American film director (b. 1896)
  • 1980 – Mustafa Parlar Turkish academic and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1989 – Stella Gibbons, English writer and novelist (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – M. Sunullah Arısoy, Turkish poet and writer (b. 1925)
  • 1996 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian film actor (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Memet Fuat, Turkish critic and writer (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Herbert Brown, British-born American chemist (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Zeki Ökten, Turkish director (b. 1941)
  • 2009 – Kim Peek, American savant (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Ned Vizzini, American writer (b. 1981)
  • 2015 – Jimmy Hill, English former football player and manager (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Andrey Karlov, Russian diplomat (b. 1954)
  • 2016 – Şehmus Özer, Turkish football player (b. 1980)
  • 2017 – Lito Cruz, Argentine theater director, playwright and actor (b. 1941)
  • 2017 – Yevhen Kotelnykov, Ukrainian-born Soviet football player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Hiep Thi Le is a Vietnamese-American actress (b. 1971)
  • 2018 – Hugh Jack, Australian Olympic athlete (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Geetha Salam, Indian actress (b. 1946)
  • 2018 – Andrzej Skupiński, Polish actor, writer, educator and translator (b. 1952)
  • 2019 – Francisco Brennand, Brazilian sculptor and ceramic artist (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Jules Deelder, Dutch writer, poet and musician (b. 1944)
  • 2019 – Yeoryos Metallinos, Greek academic, educator, historian, cleric and writer (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Peter Masterson, American actor, playwright, film producer, and director (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Rosalind Knight, English stage, film and television actress (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Marjan Lazovski, Macedonian professional basketball coach (b. 1962)
  • 2020 – Maria Piątkowska, Polish long jumper, sprinter and hurdler (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Bram van der Vlugt, Dutch actor (b. 1934)

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