Today in History: Construction of the First Turkish Submarine Started at Gölcük Shipyard

First Turkish Submarine
First Turkish Submarine

December 18 is the 352th day of the year (353th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 13.

Railways

  • 18 December 1923 The Ministry of Nafia has notified the notary that Chester's privilege has been revoked.
  • 18 December 1926 The construction of the Turhal-Sivas section of the Samsun-Sivas Line was given to the Belgian Societe Industtrielle desTrava-ux. According to the contract 1 1927 3 15 million dollars (30 million dollars will be completed in the year).

Olaylar

  • 218 BC – Hannibal, victory over the Roman Republic at the Battle of Trebia kazanwas.
  • 1271 - Kublai Khan changes the name of his empire to "Yuan" (元 yuán). The reign of the Yuan Dynasty in China officially began.
  • 1777 – In the United States, Thanksgiving is officially celebrated for the first time.
  • 1787 - New Jersey becomes the third state to adopt the US Constitution.
  • 1865 - Slavery abolished in the USA.
  • 1892 – by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky The Nutcracker (Nutcracker) was staged for the first time in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1894 - Women in Australia gained the right to vote and be elected.
  • 1917 – The Erzincan Treaty was signed between Russia and Turkey.
  • 1946 – The International Monetary Fund (IMF) became operational. The IMF, which was established on 27 December 1945, declared an agreement expressing the gold and US dollar equivalents of the currencies of 32 member countries.
  • 1954 – British soldiers opened fire on the demonstration against Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States in Cyprus; 2 people were shot, 42 people were arrested. The demonstration was organized by Cypriots who wanted to unite with Greece.
  • 1956 - Japan was admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1957 - Bridge of the Kwai (The Bridge on the River Kwai) was released in New York.
  • 1965 – Official relations between Japan and South Korea began.
  • 1966 – Saturn's moon Epimetheus was discovered by Richard L. Walker, but was lost for the next 12 years.
  • 1969 – The battleship Yavuz was sold to the Machinery and Chemical Industry Corporation (MKE) for dismantling.
  • 1969 - The UK Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder crimes.
  • 1969 – The joint boycott of the Turkish Teachers' Union (TÖS) and the Primary School Teachers' Union (İlk-Sen) ended after 3 days. After the boycott, in which 120 teachers participated, TÖS President Fakir Baykurt was dismissed from work and a prosecution was initiated against 2000 teachers.
  • 1970 – The 41s announced that they founded the Democratic Party. Among the founders were Ferruh Bozbeyli, Saadettin Bilgiç, Talat Asal, Neriman Ağaoğlu, Nilüfer Gürsoy, Mutlu Menderes and Yüksel Menderes.
  • 1972 – Uğur Alacakaptan was sentenced to 6 years and 3 months, Uğur Mumcu was sentenced to 5 years and 10 months.
  • 1973 - The Soviet Union launched Soyuz 13 into space.
  • 1975 – The construction of the first Turkish submarine was started at Gölcük Shipyard.
  • 1976 – Orhan Apaydın was elected as the President of the Istanbul Bar Association.
  • 1980 – Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions (DISK), Istanbul case started. There are 1477 defendants in the case.
  • 1984 – Mehmet Şener, wanted for planning the murder of Abdi İpekçi, was arrested in Switzerland. On the same day, an investigation was launched against Abdullah Çatlı, the Deputy Chairman of the Ülkücü Youth Associations, and Oral Çelik.
  • 1987 – The kitchen expenditure of a family of four increased fourfold in four years to 128 thousand liras. The Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions (Türk-İş) said, "Despite this increase in kitchen expenditures, the net minimum wage of 49 thousand lira is thought-provoking."
  • 1996 – Tupac Amaru guerrillas in Peru raid the Japanese Embassy in the Capital Lima. The guerrillas took 500 people hostage in the building.
  • 1997 – The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) announces HTML 4.0.
  • 1997 – According to the law adopted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly; Private radio and television organizations will be inspected by the General Staff in case of mobilization and war.
  • 2002 – Necip Hablemitoğlu was attacked and killed in front of his house.
  • 2012 – The Turkish reconnaissance satellite Göktürk-2 was launched into space from Jiguan Launch Base in China.

births

  • 1392 – VIII. Ioannis Paleologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1448)
  • 1610 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French lawyer, lexicographer, philologist, medieval and Byzantine historian (d. 1688)
  • 1626 – Christina, Queen of Sweden from 1632 until abdication in 1654 (d. 1689)
  • 1661 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist, inventor, and industrialist (d. 1751)
  • 1709 – Yelizaveta, Russian Empress (d. 1762)
  • 1725 – Johann Salomo Semler, German protestant theologian (d. 1791)
  • 1778 – Joseph Grimaldi, English clown and comedian (d. 1837)
  • 1820 – Bertall, French cartoonist, illustrator and writer (d. 1882)
  • 1828 – Viktor Rydberg, Swedish writer (d. 1895)
  • 1835 – Lyman Abbott, American Protestant priest and journalist (d. 1922)
  • 1856 – JJ Thomson, English physicist (d. 1940)
  • 1860 – Edward MacDowell, American composer and pianist (d. 1908)
  • 1863 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (d. 1914)
  • 1879 – Josef Stalin, Soviet statesman and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (d. 1953)
  • 1879 – Paul Klee, German-born Swiss painter (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Hüseyin Saadettin Arel, Turkish composer (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Gladys Cooper, British Theater and film actress (d. 1971)
  • 1897 – Fletcher Henderson, American pianist, bandleader, arranger, and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1904 – George Stevens, American film director (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Celia Johnson, English actress who worked in theatre, television and film (d. 1982)
  • 1911 – Jules Dassin, American film director (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Alfred Bester, American science fiction writer, screenwriter, and editor (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Willy Brandt, German politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1916 Betty Grable, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Yuri Nikulin, Russian actor and clown (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Roger Smith, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Lonnie Brooks, American rock-blues musician and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Diane Disney Miller, American philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Orhan Duru, Turkish writer (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Rosemary Leach, English stage, film and television actress (d. 2017)
  • 1938 – Mehmet Güleryüz, Turkish painter
  • 1939 – Michael Moorcock is an English writer.
  • 1939 – Harold E. Varmus, American Nobel Prize-winning scientist
  • 1943 – Keith Richards, English guitarist, songwriter and founding member of the Rolling Stones
  • 1946 – Steve Biko, anti-apartheid people's leader in the Republic of South Africa (d. 1977)
  • 1946 – Steven Spielberg, American film director and Oscar winner
  • 1947 – Leonid Yuzefovich, Russian writer, screenwriter and historian
  • 1950 – Gillian Armstrong, Australian screenwriter and filmmaker
  • 1954 – Ray Liotta, American actor and voice actor
  • 1959 – Daddy G, lead singer of Massive Attack
  • 1963 – Pierre Nkurunziza, Burundian lecturer, soldier, and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1963 – Brad Pitt, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • 1964 – Stone Cold Steve Austin, American actor, producer, and retired professional wrestler
  • 1965 – John Moshoeu, South African former football player (d. 2015)
  • 1966 – Gianluca Pagliuca, Former Italian national goalkeeper
  • 1968 - Magaly Carvajal, Cuban volleyball player
  • 1968 - Casper Van Dien, American actor
  • 1968 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Alejandro Sanz, Spanish pop music artist
  • 1969 - Santiago Cañizares, Spanish football player
  • 1970 – Rob Van Dam, American professional wrestler and actor
  • 1970 – DMX, American hip hop music artist
  • 1971 – Arantxa Sanchez Vicario, Spanish tennis player
  • 1972 – Anjela Balahonova, Ukrainian former pole vaulter
  • 1972 – Aleksandr Kodakovsky, commander of the rebel groups involved in the Donbass War
  • 1974 – Hale Caneroğlu, Turkish actress and singer
  • 1975 – Sia Furler, Australian singer
  • 1975 – Trish Stratus is a Canadian actress and professional wrestler.
  • 1977 – Claudia Gesell, German athlete
  • 1978 – Josh Dallas, American actor
  • 1978 - Katie Holmes, American actress
  • 1980 – Christina Aguilera, American singer
  • 1982 – Kateřina Baďurová, Czech athlete
  • 1987 – Miki Ando, ​​Japanese figure skater
  • 1988 - Lizzie Deignan is an English professional track and road cyclist.
  • 1988 – Brianne Theisen-Eaton, Canadian heptathlete
  • 1989 – Arina Ushakova, Russian figure skater
  • 1992 – Bridgit Mendler, American actress, musician, singer, and songwriter
  • 1994 – Natália Kelly is an American-Austrian singer.
  • 2001 – Billie Eilish, American singer

Weapon

  • 1111 – Imam Ghazali, Islamic thinker (b. 1058)
  • 1290 – III. Magnus, king of Sweden from 1275 until his death in 1290 (b. 1240)
  • 1420 – Sheikh Bedreddin, Ottoman mystic, philosopher, and kazasker (leader of the uprising known as the Sheikh Bedreddin Rebellion) (b. 1359)
  • 1591 – Marigje Arriens, Dutch woman executed for being a witch (b. 1520)
  • 1737 – Antonio Stradivari, Italian violin maker (b. 1644)
  • 1803 – Johann Gottfried Herder, German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary scholar (b. 1744)
  • 1829 – Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (known for his work on evolution) (b. 1744)
  • 1832 – Philip Freneau, American poet, nationalist, polemicist, ship captain, and newspaper editor (b. 1752)
  • 1848 – Bernhard Bolzano, Italian-born Czech philosopher and mathematician (b. 1781)
  • 1877 – Philipp Veit, German romantic painter (b. 1793)
  • 1915 – Édouard Vaillant, French revolutionary, publisher, politician, and member of the Paris Commune of 1871 (b. 1840)
  • 1919 – John Alcock, English aviator (first to cross the Atlantic) (b. 1892)
  • 1925 – Hamo Thornycroft, British sculptor (b. 1850)
  • 1928 – Léon Duguit, French public law expert (b. 1859)
  • 1932 – Eduard Bernstein, German politician (b. 1850)
  • 1967 – İsmail Hikmet Ertaylan, Turkish literary history researcher and writer (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Bobby Jones, American golfer (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian geneticist and evolutionary biologist (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin, President of the USSR (b. 1904)
  • 1982 - Hans-Ulrich Rudel, II. German bomber pilot of World War II (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Niyazi Berkes, Turkish social scientist and writer (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Anne Revere, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Paul Tortelier, French cellist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – George Abecassis, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Nathan Rosen, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Konrad Zuse, German civil engineer, inventor, and notorious businessman (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Chris Farley, American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1964)
  • 1998 – Lev Dyomin, a Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Robert Bresson, French director (b. 1901)
  • 2001 – Gilbert Bécaud, French singer, composer and actor (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Necip Hablemitoğlu, Turkish academic (b. 1954)
  • 2003 – Selahattin Altınbaş, Turkish composer and oud player (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Joseph Barbera, American cartoon producer and animator (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Majel Barrett, American actress and producer (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Norberto Díaz, Argentine actor (b. 1952)
  • 2011 – Vaclav Havel, Czech playwright and President (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Leman Çıdamlı, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Ronnie Biggs, British crime syndicate swindler (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Ante Žanetić, Croatian origin Yugoslav former international footballer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Léon Mébiame, Gabonese politician (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Zsa Zsa Gábor, Hungarian-American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2016 – Sata Isobe, Japanese volleyball player (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Gustavo Quintero, Colombian singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Kim Jonghyun, South Korean singer (b. 1990)
  • 2017 – Johan C. Løken, Norwegian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2017 – Ana Enriqueta Terán, Venezuelan poet and writer (b. 1918)
  • 2018 – David CH Austin, English botanist and researcher (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Alex Badeh, Nigerian politician (b. 1957)
  • 2018 – Steve Daskawisz, American actor and stuntman (b. 1944)
  • 2018 – Kazimierz Kutz, Polish film director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – María Jesús Rosa Reina, Spanish boxer (b. 1974)
  • 2018 – Shinobu Sekine, Japanese judoka (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – Raimo Vartia, Finnish basketball player (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Claudine Auger, French actress (b. 1941)
  • 2019 – Alain Barrière, French singer (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Tunç Başaran, Turkish director (b. 1938)
  • 2019 – Geulah Cohen, Israeli politician and activist (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Han Grijzenhout, Former Dutch professional football player and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Michael Jeffery, Australian former soldier and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Peter Lamont, English set designer, artistic director and production assistant (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – John Obiero Nyagarama, Kenyan politician (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Nureddin Zerhuni, Algerian politician (b. 1937)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Migrants Day
  • World Health Administrators Day

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