Vehicles have two important expenditure items. These can be divided into purchase and fuel fees. Purchase fees; may vary depending on different factors such as brand, model, engine type or equipment. The fuel price can be lowered by reducing the fuel consumption of the vehicle. For this reason, we have brought together some small tricks you can do to save fuel in vehicles. How to Control Fuel Consumption in a Vehicle? What to Do for Fuel Economy in the Vehicle? Does Overload Affect Vehicle Fuel Consumption?
But first, let's talk about where the fuel consumption value can be checked.
How to Control Fuel Consumption?
Although it varies according to the brand and model, today there is an area where the fuel consumption value is located on the instrument panel of all vehicles. Here you can see how much fuel is consumed per 100 kilometers.
If you are wondering how much fuel the vehicle consumes per kilometer, the value here should be divided by 100. For example, if the vehicle consumes 100 liters of fuel per 7 kilometers, it means that it consumes 0,07 liters of fuel per kilometer. By multiplying this number with the 1 liter fuel fee, you can see how much TL the vehicle has spent per kilometer.
If we accept the vehicle as gasoline and take the liter price of gasoline as 8 TL, the fuel consumption value per kilometer becomes 0,56 TL. In other words, the vehicle consumes 56 cents of fuel per kilometer.
Fuel consumption can increase due to many factors, such as excessive load, traffic or the use of unsuitable tires for the season. So, what are the factors that increase fuel consumption?
What to Do for Fuel Economy in the Vehicle?
The main factor affecting fuel consumption is the way the vehicle is used. Fuel consumption increases significantly if speed is rapidly increased or decreased during travel. Apart from this, the factors affecting vehicle fuel consumption are listed as follows:
- Unsuitable tires
- window opening
- Different driving modes
Of course, these are common problems. Apart from these, fuel consumption may increase due to infrequent problems such as malfunctions that may occur in the vehicle's running gear. So, what should be done to save fuel?
Don't Open Windows
Brands design vehicles to be less affected by wind drag. Thus, the vehicles are minimally affected by the resistance effect of the wind while they are in motion. When the windows are opened, the wind friction value increases and the vehicle consumes more fuel than normal.
For this reason, it is recommended not to open the windows to reduce fuel consumption. If there is a problem due to temperature, air conditioners can be operated.
Avoid High Speed
With the new generation speed measurement technologies, instantaneous speed measurement is not done in many places. Instead of looking at the average speed value. On such roads and highways, it is sometimes possible to accelerate suddenly. Accelerating suddenly causes the engine to consume much more fuel than normal. In some cases, fuel consumption can increase up to twice the ideal value. For this reason, sudden acceleration should be avoided unless it is necessary for traffic safety.
Check Traffic Hours
Vehicles consume the most fuel when they stop and take off. For this reason, fuel consumption increases significantly during traffic hours in metropolitan cities such as Istanbul or Izmir. If possible, drivers are advised not to travel during peak traffic hours.
However, hybrid and highly fuel-efficient vehicles such as the Kia Niro benefit from special technologies such as regenerative braking. With these technologies, as the vehicle slows down, the battery of the electric motor is charged.
In addition, hybrid car models such as the Kia Niro make use of the electric motor at low speeds and do not use as much gasoline as possible. In other words, heavy traffic does not create a big problem for hybrid vehicles compared to diesel or gasoline vehicles. In short, we can say that the hybrid is a fuel-efficient engine type.
Pay Attention to Tires
“How to save fuel?” Tires are another important issue that should be considered by those looking for the answer to the question. Because the use of suitable tires takes an important place in fuel saving tricks. Types of tires manufactured for a particular season, such as winter or summer, increase fuel consumption in different seasons.
For example, winter tires made of soft dough hold on to the ground much more because the air temperature is high in summer. For this reason, the vehicle can consume much more fuel than normal. In addition to fuel savings, the use of tires that are not suitable for seasonal conditions can also endanger road safety.
Another issue that tires affect fuel consumption is pressure. If the tire pressure is not ideal, fuel consumption increases significantly. Drivers who do not know the ideal tire pressure value of the vehicle should check the owner's manual or the inside of the driver's door.
Finally, drivers who have to buy new tires also need to learn about the points to be considered when buying vehicle tires such as tire size, tire type and tire symbols in order not to have problems with fuel consumption.
Don't Neglect Maintenance
Brands publish certain maintenance periods for each vehicle. These periods are subject to a kilometer or year limit. For example, periodic maintenance of Kia Sportage takes place within 15 thousand kilometers or 1 year. In other words, even if you do not exceed 15 thousand kilometers in 1 year, you need to have periodic maintenance.
During periodic maintenance, the filters of the vehicle are changed and the fluids are checked. The ideal level of filters and fluids significantly reduces fuel consumption. In addition, routine checks of the vehicle are also carried out during periodic maintenance. If there is an unusual situation in the vehicle, you are informed about the subject. If you approve the change or repair offer, your vehicle will be repaired.
In short, periodic maintenance ensures that your vehicle works in an ideal way. Thus, both the vehicle does not experience any problems and problems such as increased fuel consumption due to malfunctions are not encountered.
Does Overloading Affect Fuel Consumption?
Every load added to the vehicle causes the engine to work harder to move. Therefore, fuel consumption may increase. In order not to increase fuel consumption, it is recommended that there is no extra load in the trunk and that on-vehicle luggage should not be worn outside of travel.
What Are the Settings Affecting Fuel Economy?
“What should be done to save fuel?” Another issue that is as important as maintenance and tire control in the question is the mods. Although it varies according to the brands, the modes that are usually bought with names such as Eco and Sport can cause serious differences in fuel consumption.
Generally, higher fuel consumption is observed in the mode called Sport and lower fuel consumption in the mode called Eco.
Which RPM Is Ideal For Fuel Economy?
Finally, “How many cycles are required to save fuel?” We need to clarify the question. Many automobile authorities say that the rpm range of 2500 to 3000 for gasoline engines and 2000 to 5000 for diesel engines is ideal in terms of fuel consumption. In other words, you can adjust the rev range according to the type of your vehicle and save fuel.