Lung cancer, which is more common in men, is rapidly spreading among women due to smoking in our country, as it is in the whole world. Lung cancer, which is the most life-threatening type of cancer; It is manifested by persistent cough, lung infection, shortness of breath, hoarseness, chest pain and blood in sputum. To prevent lung cancer, tobacco and its products should be avoided. Thanks to the developing medical and technological developments and early diagnosis and treatment opportunities, the treatment comfort and quality of life of the patients can be increased. Professor from Memorial Şişli and Bahçelievler Hospitals Department of Thoracic Surgery. Dr. Adnan Sayar gave information about the causes and symptoms of lung cancer and modern treatment methods specific to the patient.
Lung tumors can multiply unregulated and unlimited.
Lung cancer tumors, which have two types as non-small cell and small cell lung cancer, are formed by the unregulated and unrestricted proliferation of the own cells of the lung tissue. These cells, which enlarge and become a mass over time, can spread to the surrounding tissues and organs, and can spread to other organs through the blood circulation.
One out of every 2 people who smoke 7 packs of cigarettes a day dies
Lung cancer, which is increasing rapidly among men and women today, is one of the most worried cancer types today. The most important cause of lung cancer is tobacco and tobacco products. According to the studies, it is seen that the incidence of lung cancer and the loss of life due to this disease are decreasing in men, where smoking has started to decrease, while the opposite is seen in women with increased smoking. In addition to smokers, the risk of lung cancer increases 1.5 times more in passive smokers, that is, in people who have to be in smoking environments for a long time, compared to non-smokers. There is also a parallelism with the dose taken between smoking and lung cancer. One out of every 2 people who smoke 7 packs or more a day dies from lung cancer.
Smoking and genetic factors increase the risk of lung cancer
Some of the lung cancers seen in non-smokers are caused by cigarette smoke exposure during childhood and adolescence. The most important causes of lung cancer other than smoking are environmental and genetic factors such as asbestos exposure, air pollution, radon gas, arsenic, nickel, and uranium. Smokers, those with a family history of cancer, those exposed to environmental factors, and shipyard and mine workers are at higher risk of lung cancer.
Lung cancer may be progressing insidiously
The most important and most common symptoms of lung cancer; fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss. However, some of the lung cancers can progress insidiously without any symptoms until the advanced stage due to their location. Cancer can only occur when the patient consults a doctor for another ailment. Symptoms of lung cancer can be listed as follows:
- Weight loss
- shortness of breath
- Bloody sputum
- coughing up blood
- Difficulty swallowing
- swelling in the neck
- Shoulder or arm pain
Life expectancy increases with early diagnosis and patient-specific treatment
Early diagnosis in the treatment of lung cancer increases both the comfort of treatment and the life span of the patient. Today, thanks to medical and technological developments, it offers patient-specific treatment options. Treatment methods vary according to the type, location and stage of lung cancer. Lung cancers are grouped under two main headings. These are expressed as small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While the most effective treatment in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is chemoradiotherapy; Surgery is the most effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Factors such as age, socioeconomic status, concomitant diseases, and familial support in lung cancer also affect the patient's return to social life. Patients who successfully complete this multi-factorial process can continue their lives in a healthy way by receiving their treatment without leaving their social life.