General Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. Çetin Altunal gave information about the subject. Although breast cancer is thought to be a type of cancer that occurs only in women, it is a disease that can occur in men as well. Men are 100 times less likely to develop this cancer than women. What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Men? What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men? How is Breast Cancer Diagnosed in Men?
If the disease that starts in the breast tissue is not diagnosed early, it can spread to the armpit lymph nodes, bones, lungs and organs such as the liver. For this reason, it is recommended for men to have breast check-ups if they do not think that they will not have breast cancer and if they feel changes in their breast structures.
What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Men?
Senile: The risk of breast cancer increases with age and occurs especially after the age of 60.
family history of breast cancer
Overweight: Obesity causes more estrogen hormone to be produced in the body, which increases the risk of breast cancer.
Liver Cirrhosis: Diseases in which liver functions are impaired, such as liver cirrhosis, may decrease male hormones, increase female hormones and increase the risk of breast cancer.
Orchectomy: Having testicles removed may also increase the risk of breast cancer.
If there is a strong family history of breast or prostate cancer, genetic analysis for possible genetic disorders may be helpful. It is known that BRCA-2 gene disorders, especially in men, may be related to breast and prostate cancers.
What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men?
Bloody or clear discharge from the nipple
Ingrown breast skin
crusting of breast skin
How is Breast Cancer Diagnosed in Men?
The first step in the diagnosis of breast diseases is a careful and detailed breast and armpit examination. Post-examination imaging methods are used. The methods used in imaging the breast are breast ultrasonography, mammography and breast MRI. If there is a mass detected in the breast in these examinations, this mass is graded in terms of suspicion and according to this grading, some masses are only followed, while some masses require tissue diagnosis. It is a thick needle biopsy called tru-cut biopsy for tissue diagnosis. As a result of this biopsy, it will be determined whether the mass is benign or malignant according to the pathology report to come. The next steps are planned according to this report.