Today in History: Nazi Germany Begins Gas Killing Massacres in Auschwitz

Auschwitz Gas Killings
Auschwitz Gas Killings

September 23 is the 266th (267th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 99.

Railways

  • 23 September 1856 Turkish Railway history begins in 1856. The first railway line, the 130 km İzmir - Aydın line, was first hit by a concession to a British company this year. The representative of Joseph Paxton, George Whytes, William and Augustus Rixon was given to Roberl Wilki.
  • According to the delegation decision reported to Ali Fuat Pasha on 23 September 1919; The Baghdad Railway Line will not be destroyed, it has been requested not to make an actual attack unless the British attack.
  • 23 September 1931 Irmak-Çankırı line (104 km) is in operation.
  • 23 September 2009 153. Within the scope of the Foundation Anniversary activities, the General Directorate of TCDD, the Directorate General of Press and Information and the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Genel Photograph Exhibition Gal and Arif Sayyar's Painting Exhibition opened at Ankara Gar Art Gallery. On the same day, THM and TSM choirs of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism gave a concert. Freedom is the right of the train Freedom train was welcomed with a ceremony in Ankara Train.

Olaylar 

  • 1529 – Turkish pioneers repulse Austrian forces at the Battle of Leitha.
  • 1821 – Tripolice massacre: Greeks captured the city of Tripolice in the Peloponnese Revolt, killing more than 10.000 Turks.
  • 1846 - German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovered Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System.
  • 1856 – The Izmir-Aydin line railway concession was given to an English company. The concession of the 1866-kilometer railway line, which was put into operation in 612, was to expire on October 15, 1950. However, the Government of the young Republic bought this line on 30 May 1935.
  • 1924 – Shapsug National Rayon, based in Tuapse on the Black Sea coast, was established under the USSR, Russian SFSR.
  • 1931 - The London Stock Exchange, which was closed for two days due to the economic crisis, was reopened.
  • 1942 - Nazi Germany begins gassing massacres at Auschwitz.
  • 1947 – Nikola Petkov, leader of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Unity Party, is hanged.
  • 1954 - East German police arrest 400 people for allegedly being agents of the United States.
  • 1961 – THY made the Cyprus-Adana-Ankara flight. Tay The plane crashed into Kırmızıtepe near Etimesgut Airport, killing 28 people.
  • 1973 – Juan Peron, who was overthrown by a coup 18 years ago, was re-elected President of Argentina.
  • 1993 – Michael Jackson gave a concert in Turkey.
  • 1996 – The Constitutional Court annulled the article of the Turkish Penal Code that privileges the adultery of a married man.
  • 1997 – Village raid in Algeria: 200 people killed, 100 injured. It was claimed that the raid was carried out by Islamist radicals.
  • 1999 – Abdullah Öcalan made a statement and demanded that a group of PKK members come to Turkey and surrender.

births 

  • 63 BC – Augustus, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
  • 1215 – Kublai Khan, Mongol Emperor (d. 1294)
  • 1713 – VI. Fernando ascended the throne on July 9, 1746 and was King of Spain until his death (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Go-Sakuramachi, 117th ruler of Japan in traditional succession (d. 1813)
  • 1771 – Kōkaku, 119th emperor of Japan in the traditional succession order (d. 1840)
  • 1791 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (d. 1865)
  • 1819 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1838 – Victoria Woodhull, US politician, activist, author, journalist, editor, and stockbroker (d. 1927)
  • 1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922)
  • 1861 – Robert Bosch, German industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1869 – Mary Mallon, American first healthy host of typhoid fever (d. 1938)
  • 1880 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish teacher, biologist, and politician (d. 1971)
  • 1882 – Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Turkish soldier and politician (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Grigori Zinoviev, Ukrainian revolutionary and Soviet communist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1889 – Walter Lippmann, American author, journalist, and political scholar (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Friedrich Paulus, Especially II. German Field Marshal who played an active role in World War II (d. 1957)
  • 1897 – Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealist painter (d. 1994)
  • 1901 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Aldo Moro, Italian politician and Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Mickey Rooney, American film director and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – John Coltrane, American jazz performer (d. 1967)
  • 1930 – Çelik Gülersoy, Turkish tourism professional and writer (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Ray Charles, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Fayina Petryakova, Ukrainian ethnographer and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Romy Schneider, German film actress (d. 1982)
  • 1940 – Michel Temer, Brazilian lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1946 – Bernard Maris, French economist, journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Davorin Popović, Bosnian singer (d. 2001)
  • 1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress, singer, and director
  • 1949 Bruce Springsteen, American musician
  • 1950 - George Garzone, American jazz musician
  • 1951 – Carlos Holmes Trujillo, Colombian politician, diplomat, scientist, and lawyer (d. 2021)
  • 1955 – Cem Boyner, Turkish businessman and politician (founder and first President of the New Democracy Movement)
  • 1956 – Paolo Rossi, Italian football player (d. 2020)
  • 1957 – Rosalind Chao is a Chinese-American actress.
  • 1958 - Larry Mize, American golfer
  • 1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor, comedian, and singer
  • 1959 – Frank Cottrell-Boyce, British screenwriter, novelist, and occasional actor
  • 1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1960 – Luis Moya is Spanish retired rally co-pilot
  • 1963 – Anne-Marie Cadieux, Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Clayton Blackmore, Welsh football player and manager
  • 1967 – Chris Wilder, English former football player and manager
  • 1969 - Patrick Fiori is a French singer.
  • 1972 – Jermaine Mauldin Dupri, American record producer, songwriter, and rapper
  • 1974 – Layzie Bone, US-born rap artist
  • 1974 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Zuhal Topal, Turkish presenter and actress
  • 1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer, songwriter, and pianist
  • 1978 – Anthony Mackie is an American actor.
  • 1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Fábio Simplício, Brazilian football player
  • 1980 – Sahin Imranov, Azerbaijani boxer
  • 1981 – Robert Doornbos, Dutch former Formula 1 driver
  • 1981 – Natalie Horler, German-British singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Aina Clotet, Spanish actress
  • 1982 – Shyla Stylez, Canadian porn star (d. 2017)
  • 1983 – Cholera, Turkish rapper
  • 1985 – Ali Yörenç, Turkish actor
  • 1988 – Juan Martín del Potro, Argentine professional tennis player
  • 1989 – Brandon Jennings is an American professional basketball player for the Shanxi Brave Dragons of China.
  • 1989 – Hira Tekindor, Turkish theater, short film director and translator
  • 1990 – Çağatay Ulusoy, Turkish model and actor
  • 1992 – Oğuzhan Özyakup, Turkish football player
  • 1994 – Yerry Mina, Colombian football player
  • 1995 - Jack Aitken, British-Korean racing driver

Weapon 

  • 76 – Linus, Pope (second Christian martyr after Peter) (b. ?)
  • 965 – Mütenebbî, poet who lived in the 10th century and is considered one of the most important names of Arabic poetry (b. 915)
  • 1193 – Robert de Sablé, Captain-General of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1193 and lord of Cyprus from 1191-1192 (b. 1150)
  • 1241 – Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1253 – Wenceslaus I, king of Bohemia who ruled from 1230 – 1253 (b. 1205)
  • 1835 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
  • 1850 – José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguay's national hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 – Prosper Merimee, French novelist (b. 1803)
  • 1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1885 – Carl Spitzweg, German poet and painter (b. 1808)
  • 1896 – Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet (b. 1813)
  • 1911 – Henry Houssaye, French historian, academic, art and literary critic (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – Meir Dizengoff, Israeli politician and first Mayor of Tel Aviv (b. 1861)
  • 1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychologist and philosopher (b. 1856)
  • 1944 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (b. 1875)
  • 1947 – Nikola Petkov, Bulgarian politician and leader of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Unity Party (b. 1893)
  • 1951 – Yörük Ali Efe, hero of the Turkish War of Independence (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Ernest Mamboury, Swiss teacher (b. 1878)
  • 1967 – Ali Sami Boyar, Turkish painter (b. 1880)
  • 1969 – Taylan Özgür, Turkish revolutionary and co-founder of THKO (b. 1948)
  • 1970 – Bourvil, French actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor and Indian chief (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer and film director (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Bülent Oran, Turkish film actor and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Filiberto Ojeda Rios, Puerto Rican musician and leader of the Boricua People's Army, fighting for the independence of the island of Puerto Rico (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Ali Kemal İskender, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor (b. 1940)
  • 2009 – Ertuğrul Osman Osmanoğlu, Head of the Ottoman Dynasty (b. 1912)
  • 2012 – Corrie Sanders, South African heavyweight boxer (b. 1966)
  • 2012 – Jean Taittinger, French politician, former minister (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Carlos Álvarez-Nóvoa, Spanish theater director, writer and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Denis Sonet, French Catholic clergyman, writer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Leyla Demiriş, Turkish soprano and opera singer (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Valeri Asapov is a general in the Russian army (b. 1966)
  • 2018 – Charles K. Kao, Chinese-American, British physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1933)
  • 2018 – Gary Kurtz, American film producer (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Al Alvarez, English writer, critic and poet (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Curt Wittlin, Swiss linguist and author (b. 1941)
  • 2020 – Vaha Agayev, Russian politician (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Juliette Gréco, French actress and singer (b. 1927)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • Sun entering Libra – The beginning of Autumn.
  • Equinox (equality of day and night)
  • Spring Equinox (Southern Hemisphere)
  • Autumnal Equinox (Northern Hemisphere)
  • independence day of armenia
Rail Industry Show Armin sohbet

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