Today in History: The Republican People's Party was Founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

The Republican People's Party was founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
The Republican People's Party was founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

September 9 is the 252th (253th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 113.

Railways

  • 9 September 1855 The construction of the Ottoman State Istanbul-Edirne-Varna and Varna-Balâklava telegraph line was completed and put into service.
  • 9 September 1861 Bag-Cellatcoffee line (11 km) opened.
  • 9 September 1882 Mehmet Nahid Bey and the proposals of Kostaki Teodoridi Efendi The Nafia Commission prepared a new specification for the Mersin-Adana line.
  • 9 1927 Poplar-Basin Line (38 km) was launched. The contractor was Nuri Demirağ. Samsun-Kavak line was opened for operation.
  • 9 September 1929 Fevzipaşa-Gölbaşı (143 km) line is opened. The contractor was Sweden-Denmark Group.

Olaylar 

  • 479 BC – Battle of Platea takes place.
  • 1543 - Mary Stuart is crowned Queen of Scots at the age of 9 years.
  • 1570 – Nicosia was conquered by the Turks.
  • 1850 - California was admitted to the United States as the 31st state.
  • 1886 – The Berne International Copyright Convention is convened.
  • 1892 - Amalthea, Jupiter's fifth moon, is found.
  • 1914 – The Committee of Union and Progress rejected all capitulations accepted by the Ottoman Government.
  • 1922 – Liberation of Izmir: After the Battle of Dumlupınar was won, the Turkish Army, which led the Greek Army in front of it, entered the occupied Izmir.
  • 1923 – The Republican People's Party was founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1940 - Hungarian Army kills 87 Romanians and 6 Jews in the Treznea Massacre.
  • 1945 – The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) ends.
  • 1948 - Kim Il-sung proclaims the founding of North Korea.
  • 1955 – The Turkish Government decided to help the individuals and organizations damaged in the 6-7 September Incidents.
  • 1971 – The law on the establishment of Boğaziçi University was accepted.
  • 1974 – At the 11th Golden Orange Film Festival, the Golden Orange Award went to Lütfi Ömer Akad Wedding got the movie.
  • 1974 – Keban Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant was opened.
  • 1974 – TRT Radio 1 and TRT Radio 3 were created by merging the central and regional radios of TRT.
  • 1982 – Bora Süelkan, Administrative Attaché of the Turkish Consulate in Burgas, was killed by Armenians.
  • 1991 – The Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions (DİSK) was reactivated.
  • 1992 - Spain recognized the autonomy of the Catalonia region.
  • 1993 – ATV started broadcasting.
  • 1993 - Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) agreed to recognize each other.
  • 1995 – Miss Turkey Yeşim Paladüz was selected as Miss World.
  • 2001 – 12 Giant Men came second in the European Championship held in Turkey.
  • 2004 – A bomb exploded outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.
  • 2009 – The highest rainfall in the last 80 years was experienced in Istanbul. Due to the floods, many people lost their lives and extensive property damage occurred.
  • 2010 – A natural gas line in San Bruno, California, USA, exploded, creating a 300-metre-high wall of fire.
  • 2011 – Zeugma Mosaic Museum in Gaziantep, the world's largest mosaic museum, was opened to visitors.

births 

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Honorius, Roman Emperor and later Western Roman Emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – III. Albert, member of the House of Habsburg, duke of Austria from 1365 until his death (d. 1395)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, 10th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (d. 1523)
  • 1583 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (d. 1643)
  • 1585 – Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, French clergyman, nobleman, and politician (d. 1642)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1778 – Clemens Brentano, German writer (d. 1842)
  • 1823 – Joseph Leidy, American scientist (d. 1891)
  • 1828 – Lev Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1855 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, English writer and philosopher (d. 1927)
  • 1869 – Abdullah Cevdet, Ottoman politician and philosopher (d. 1932)
  • 1906 – Ali Hadi Bara, Turkish sculptor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1909 Arthur Jonath, German athlete (d. 1963)
  • 1913 – Tarık Levendoğlu, Turkish stage designer, theater director, translator and fresco painter (d. 1978)
  • 1922 – Bernard Bailyn, American historian, author, and professor
  • 1928 – Sol LeWitt, American sculptor and painter (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Müşfik Kenter, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Demir Özlü, Turkish writer
  • 1939 – Alexandre Benmakhlouf, French lawyer
  • 1940 – Cihangir Gaffari, Iranian actor
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1943 – Başar Sabuncu, Turkish actor, screenwriter and director (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Ruhsar Öcal, Turkish opera soloist, theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1960 – Hugh Grant, English actor and filmmaker
  • 1961 – Faruk Çaturoğlu, Turkish politician
  • 1965 – Cihat Levent, Turkish national basketball player
  • 1966 - Adam Sandler, American actor
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indo-Punjab actor, director and producer
  • 1967 – Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
  • 1967 - Akshay Kumar, Indian actor
  • 1969 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model, actress, and reality TV host
  • 1969 – Özlem Zengin, Turkish lawyer and politician
  • 1970 – Tülay Günal, Turkish actress
  • 1970 – Cüneyt Mete, Turkish actor
  • 1971 – Eric Stonestreet, American actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, British news anchor
  • 1972 – Xavier Pascual, Spanish professional basketball coach
  • 1972 – George Perez, American actor
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjić, Croatian actor
  • 1974 – Ece Uslu, Turkish actress
  • 1975 – İlker Kızmaz, Turkish cinema and TV series actor
  • 1975 – Michael Bublé, Canadian musician, pop-jazz artist and actor
  • 1976 – Mick Blue, Austrian porn actor
  • 1976 – Emma de Caunes, French actress
  • 1977 – Fatih Tekke, Turkish football player
  • 1977 – Farzad Majidi, Iranian national football player
  • 1978 – Arzu Şahin, Turkish folk music artist
  • 1979 - Nikki DeLoach, American actress and performance singer
  • 1979 – Gökçe, Turkish singer
  • 1980 – Václav Drobný, Czech former international football player (d. 2012)
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1982 – Isabelle Caro, French model and actress (d.2010)
  • 1982 – Welissa De Souza Gonzaga, Brazilian volleyball player
  • 1984 - Brad Guzan is an American football player.
  • 1984 – Mihalis Sifakis, Greek former national football player
  • 1985 – Lior Eliyahu, Israeli professional basketball player
  • 1985 – Luka Modrić, Croatian national football player
  • 1986 – İbrahim Kendirci, Turkish actor
  • 1986 – Luc Mbah a Moute, Cameroonian professional basketball player
  • 1987 – Afrojack, Dutch DJ and producer
  • 1987 – Alex Song, Cameroonian football player
  • 1987 – Clayton Snyder, American actor
  • 1987 – Gökhan Keser, Turkish singer
  • 1988 - Danilo D'Ambrosio, Italian football player
  • 1991 - Oscar, Brazilian national football player
  • 1991 – Danilo Luís Helio Pereira, Portuguese football player
  • 1993 – Sarah Logan, American professional wrestler
  • 1994 – Lucas Ontivero, Argentine football player
  • 1994 – Ali Faiz Atiyye, Iraqi football player
  • 1994 – Yuta Toyokawa, Japanese football player

Weapon 

  • 276 - Florianus, Roman Emperor
  • 1000 – Olaf I, King of Norway (b. 960)
  • 1087 – William I, King of England (b. 1028)
  • 1271 – III. Yaroslav, first Prince of Tver from 1264 to 1271 and tenth Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1230)
  • 1483 – IV. Edward, King of England (b. 1442)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1513 – IV. James, King of Scots (b. 1473)
  • 1569 – Pieter Brueghel, Dutch painter (b. 1525)
  • 1583 – Humphrey Gilbert, English adventurer, explorer, MP, and soldier who served during the reign of Elizabeth I (b. 1539)
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania from 1575 to 1586 (b. 1523)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, New Jersey statesman and signer of the United States Constitution (b. 1745)
  • 1830 – Bailey Bartlett, American politician (b. 1750)
  • 1841 – Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, French statesman (b. 1807)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Şevki Savaşçı, Turkish soldier and veteran of the War of Independence (b. 1878)
  • 1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Ramón Fonst, Cuban fencer (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary, politician, and founder of the Communist Party of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Ida Noddack, German chemist and physicist (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Jack Warner, Canadian-born American filmmaker (b. 1892)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychiatrist (b. 1901)
  • 1983 – Luis Monti, Argentine football player (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Yılmaz Güney, Turkish director and film actor (b. 1937)
  • 1985 – Sırrı Atalay, Turkish politician and lawyer (b. 1919)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist who won the 1974 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Erkan Yücel, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor (b. 1944)
  • 1989 – Elevter Andronikashvili, Georgian physicist (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Nicola Abbagnano, Italian existentialist philosopher (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – Maurice Yaméogo, Burkina Faso politician (b. 1921)
  • 1995 – Erik Nilsson, Swedish football player (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American mandolist, singer, and songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Semiha Şakir, Turkish philanthropist (b. 1905)
  • 2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American theoretical physicist (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Mehmet Emin Aga, elected mufti of Western Thrace Turk Xanthi (Western Thrace-Greece) (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Bent Larsen, Danish chess player (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Rauno Mäkinen, Finnish wrestler (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Patricia Blair, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Denny Miller, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Mario Spezi, Italian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Frank Aarebrot, Norwegian political scientist and academic (b. 1947)
  • 2018 – Frank Andersson, Swedish wrestler and TV entertainer (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Javier Usabiaga Arroyo, Mexican businessman and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2018 Catra is a Brazilian pop-funk singer, musician, and actor (b. 1968)
  • 2019 – Lavrendis Maheriças, Greek rock musician and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2019 – Dinçer Sümer, Turkish theater actor, director and voice actor (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Henrietta Boggs was an American author, journalist, and activist (b. 1918)
  • 2020 – KS Firoz, Bangladeshi actor (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Shere Hite, US-born German sexologist and feminist (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Yopie Latul, Indonesian singer (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Amos Luzzatto, Italian writer (b. 1928)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • Chrysanthemum Day
  • North Korea Republic Day
  • Tajikistan Independence Day
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