Painting is the best communication tool of the child whose abstract thinking is not as developed as adults. Pictures are the outer reflection of the inner world of their children,” said Istanbul Okan University Hospital Psychology Specialist Kln. Ps. Müge Leblebicioğlu Arslan told us.
Hear the secret world of pictures
It is almost as if the child draws his feelings and thoughts about the world he is in through painting and reflects them on the paper. Therefore, it can be said that painting is an ideal "Projective Technique" to explore the child's inner world. However, it can be said that painting is one of the most important indicators of the child's mental development.
We can see the personality traits of children from their pictures.
From a psycho-pedagogical point of view, it is observed that children go through different drawing stages in different developmental stages. In these transitions, a significant change in the child's paintings draws attention. For example, a 3-year-old in the doodle stage typically draws a human picture as just a round head, while a 5-year-old child in the pre-schematic period can draw a torso in addition to a round head, and add eyes, nose, and mouth to the head. In addition, painting is an important tool in terms of seeing the personality traits of the child. For example, a picture of a child with low self-esteem; The use of paper, the composition in the picture, the figures and colors used can differ from the picture of the child who has self-confidence. In a group, the child can reflect on the child's paper how he perceives the others and how he perceives himself in the others. Therefore, it can be said that painting is an important technique in terms of making sense of the child's social relations and attitudes.
Stages of development in children's painting:
- Scribble Period (2-4 Ages)
- Pre-Schema Period (4-7 Years)
- Schematic Period (7-9 Years)
- Reality-Grouping Period (9-12 Years)
- Naturalism in Sight (12-14 Years)
Every child who has reached a certain muscle maturity has some line and figure trials on paper. While these figures and lines are mostly representative, it is important to note that non-representative lines and figures can also be found. It should be noted that pictures alone are not a criterion for evaluation. When the therapist's in-session observation and evaluation is combined with the information he receives from the parent, the pictures made by the child gain meaning.