Today in History: Esenboğa Massacre Suspect Levon Ekmekçiyan Sentenced to Death

Esenboga Massacre Suspect Levon Ekmekciyan Sentenced to Death
Esenboga Massacre Suspect Levon Ekmekciyan Sentenced to Death

September 7 is the 250th (251th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 115.

Railways

  • 7 September 1871 The Belgian company won the Haydarpaşa-İzmir railway's rail purchase tender for the locomotives and wagons of the line.
  • 7 September 1939 European railway traffic reopened.
  • 7 September 2011 The Orient Express, which started its campaign in September every year, departed from Paris at 2 September 2011. Orient Express, Vienna, Budapest, Sinai, Bucharest and Varna route to Istanbul Sirkeci Gar'a reached.

Olaylar 

  • 70 – The Roman Imperial Army under Emperor Titus occupied Jerusalem and the city was sacked.
  • 1566 – Suleiman the Magnificent died of gout during the Zigetvar Campaign. He was buried on 28 November 1566.
  • 1776 - First submarine attack in the world. The vehicle named Turtle, manufactured by the Americans, went under the water and attached a time bomb to the bottom of the flagship of the British Royal Navy, HMS Eagle, which was anchored in New York Harbor. However, the attack failed.
  • 1782 - William Herschel discovered the Saturn Nebula with a telescope of his own design.
  • 1812 – Marching to Moscow, Napoleon defeats the Russians at Borodino, 70 miles west of the city.
  • 1813 - The nickname "Uncle Sam" is used for the first time in a local newspaper for the United States.
  • 1822 - Brazil, a Portuguese colony, gained its independence.
  • 1901 – In the 19th century, the Boxer Rebellion, which was opposed to the West's economic and political influence on China, came to an end.
  • 1916 – British planes bombarded Haydarpaşa Train Station.
  • 1922 – Liberation of Aydın.
  • 1923 – When the newspapers İkdam, Akşam, İleri, Tercüman-ı Perakende, Tevhid-i Efkar, Tanin, Vatan and Vakit could not be released due to the typesetter's strike, the joint newspaper "Müşterek" began to be published. The newspaper "Community" was published for two weeks.
  • 1927 - American inventor Philo Taylor Farnsworth developed the first fully electronic television.
  • 1938 – The Constitution of the Hatay State was accepted. Prime Minister Abdurrahman Melek said, "The spirit and basis of our program is the Kemalism regime and all its requirements."
  • 1940 – II. World War II: Nazi Germany begins bombing London. The night bombardments, which continued for 57 days without interruption, were called The Blitz.
  • 1943 – II. World War; Italy surrendered to the Allies.
  • 1946 – The first major devaluation in the history of the Republic was made. The value of one American dollar was increased from 131,50 cents to 280 cents.
  • 1947 – Turkey-Iraq Friendship Treaty was signed.
  • 1956 – The UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Slave-like Institutions and Practices was adopted.
  • 1958 – Main Opposition leader, CHP Chairman İsmet İnönü said, “No one knows how it will work if coffee tables are set up”. Statement; It was the response of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes to the statement that "if only they could learn from those who died on the death row".
  • 1977 – Bottled gas queues in Istanbul. Bottled gas is sold with cash in advance, with a serial number.
  • 1978 – 20 thousand people participated in demonstrations against Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in ​​Iran.
  • 1979 – Istanbul Martial Law Command banned Dostlar Theater's play "Brecht Cabaret".
  • 1982 – Esenboğa massacre suspect Levon Ekmekçiyan was sentenced to death in a single session.
  • 1985 – 14 privates were burned to death during the firefighting efforts near Kuşadası.
  • 1986 - Desmond Tutu becomes the first black Anglican Church leader in South Africa.
  • 1986 – Pinochet is assassinated in Chile; Five of his bodyguards were killed, while Pinochet was unharmed.
  • 2011 – Yak-Servis Yakovlev Yak-9634 type aircraft with flight number 42, carrying the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl ice hockey team, crashed into the Idil River after taking off from Yaroslavl Airport. 45 of the 43 people on the plane died at the time of the incident, and Alexander Galimov died 5 days later. Only aircraft engineer Alexander Sizov survived the crash.

births 

  • 923 – Suzaku, 61st emperor of Japan in traditional succession (d. 952)
  • 1533 – Elizabeth I, Queen of England (d. 1603)
  • 1641 – Tokugawa Ietsuna, 1651th shogun of the Tokugawa Dynasty from 1680 to 4 (d. 1680)
  • 1707 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedist (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1791 – Giuseppe Gioacchino Belli, Italian poet (d. 1863)
  • 1805 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1873)
  • 1819 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American politician and judge (d. 1885)
  • 1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1840 – King Sisowath, King of Cambodia (d. 1927)
  • 1842 – Johannes Zukertort, Polish-German-English chess player (d. 1888)
  • 1855 – William Friese-Greene, English inventor and professional photographer (d. 1921)
  • 1867 – JP Morgan Jr. was an American banker, financial executive, and philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1877 Milan Nedić, Serbian general and politician (d. 1946)
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Zangara, assassin known for failed attempt to assassinate US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (d. 1933)
  • 1907 – Ahmet Adnan Saygun, Turkish Classical Western Music composer (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Merna Kennedy, American actress (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Michael DeBakey, American surgeon (d. 2008)
  • 1909 – Elia Kazan, American director (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian statesman (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Faruk Bayülkem, Turkish psychiatrist and neurologist (d. 2009)
  • 1912 – David Packard, American electrical engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – James Van Allen, American space scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Halil İnalcık, Turkish historian (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – John Cornforth, Australian chemist (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Necdet Calp, Turkish bureaucrat and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Ed Warren, American demonologist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., American director (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Erich Juskowiak, former football player for the Germany national football team (d. 1983)
  • 1930 – Baudouin I, King of Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1931 – Bruce Reynolds, British gang leader (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Bilge Zobu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1934 – Omar Karami, Lebanese politician (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Abdou DioufSenegal's 2nd President
  • 1935 – Pedro Manfredini, Argentine national football player
  • 1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer, composer (d. 1959)
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Vahit, Indonesian politician (d. 2009)
  • 1940 – Dario Argento, Italian film director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Erkut Taçkın, Turkish musician
  • 1943 – David Dein, English sportsman
  • 1945 – Andrea Santoro, Italian missionary priest (d. 2006)
  • 1945 - Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 Gloria Gaynor, American singer
  • 1952 Susan Blakely, American actress
  • 1953 – Şükrü Erbaş, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1953 – Enzo D'Alò, Italian animator and director
  • 1953 – Ami Aspelund, Finnish singer
  • 1954 – Michael Emerson, American actor
  • 1955 – Nursun Kayıran, Turkish bureaucrat
  • 1955 – Gert Brauer, German national football player (d. 2018)
  • 1956 – Diane Warren, American songwriter
  • 1957 – Nasser Mohammedhani, Iranian football player
  • 1957 – Cafer Muhtarifer, Iranian national football player
  • 1958 – Bayram Ali Bayramoğlu, Turkish politician
  • 1958 – Goran Hadžić, former President of Republika Srpska (d. 2016)
  • 1959 - Toshihiko Okimune, Japanese football player
  • 1959 - Pierre Nanterne, French businessman.
  • 1960 – Ersin Tatar, Turkish Cypriot economist, politician and Prime Minister of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • 1961 – Samir Sharifov, Azerbaijani finance minister
  • 1962 – Hasan Vezir, Turkish coach and national football player
  • 1963 – Betül Tarıman, Turkish poet
  • 1964 – Eazy-E, American Hip-Hop rapper (d. 1995)
  • 1965 – Özen Yula, Turkish dramatist
  • 1965 – Tomáš Skuhravý, Czech football player
  • 1966 – Toby Jones, English actor
  • 1967 – Natalia Worner, German actress
  • 1968 - Jin Hee-kyung, South Korean actress
  • 1969 – Angie Everhart, American model I actress
  • 1970 – Tom Everett Scott, American actor
  • 1971 – Caroline Peters, German actress
  • 1972 – Markus Münch, German football player
  • 1973 – Alex Kurtzman, American producer
  • 1973 - Shannon Elizabeth, American model and actress
  • 1974 – Stéphane Henchoz, Swiss national football player
  • 1975 – Esra Balamir, Turkish model, singer, actress and television presenter
  • 1975 – Zeynep Gunay Tan, Turkish director
  • 1976 – Oliver Hudson, American actor
  • 1977 – Hakan Eratik, Turkish actor
  • 1977 – Fedde le Grand, Dutch DJ and producer
  • 1977 – Kaan Berberoğlu, Turkish swimmer
  • 1978 - Masakazu Senuma, Japanese football player
  • 1979 – Ersin Güreler, Turkish football player
  • 1979 – Mehmet Ali Nuroğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1979 – Murat Karakoç, Turkish football player
  • 1980 – Emir, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Emre Belözoğlu, Turkish football player
  • 1980 – Gabriel Milito, Argentine football player
  • 1980 – Nigar Cemal, Azerbaijani singer
  • 1981 – Kyohei Yamagata, Japanese former football player
  • 1981 – Gökhan Zan, Turkish football player
  • 1982 – Rıza Efendioğlu, Turkish football player
  • 1983 – Mehmet Topuz, Turkish football player
  • 1984 – João Miranda de Souza Filho, Brazilian football player
  • 1984 – Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
  • 1985 – Georgi Sarmov, Bulgarian football player
  • 1985 – İpek Bağrıçak, Turkish actress
  • 1986 – Charlie Daniels, English football player
  • 1987 – Evan Rachel Wood, American actress and singer
  • 1988 - Kevin Love, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Yağmur Koçyiğit, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1989 - Jonathan Majors, American actor
  • 1990 – Boualem Khoukhi, Qatari football player
  • 1990 – Fyodor Klimov, Russian figure skater
  • 1990 – Tuğba Melis Türk, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1991 – Dejan Garaca, Swedish football player
  • 1992 – Gizem Karaca, Turkish model and actress
  • 1992 – Alican Süner, Turkish violinist
  • 1993 – Vladimir Rodić, Montenegrin football player
  • 1994 – Berker Güven, Turkish actor
  • 1995 – George Williams, Welsh football player
  • 1996 – Donovan Mitchell, American basketball player

Weapon 

  • 1134 – Alfonso I, king of Aragon and Navarra (1104-1134) (b. 1073)
  • 1151 – Geoffroy V, inherited earl of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine from 1129, then duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144 (b. 1113)
  • 1550 – Niccolò Tribolo, Italian spiritualist artist (b. 1500)
  • 1559 – Robert Estienne, French printer, publisher, and lexicographer (b. 1503)
  • 1566 – Suleiman the Magnificent, 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1494)
  • 1566 – Nikola Šubić Zrinski, Croatian soldier (b. 1508)
  • 1619 – Marko Krizin, Croatian Catholic priest, martyr, and saint (b. 1589)
  • 1657 – Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish soldier, privy councilor, and statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1809 – Rama I, king of Thailand (b. 1737)
  • 1871 – Mehmed Emin Âli Pasha, Ottoman statesman (b. 1815)
  • 1910 – William Holman Hunt, English painter (b. 1827)
  • 1922 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (b. 1852)
  • 1933 – Edward Gray, British Liberal statesman (b. 1862)
  • 1949 – Elton Mayo, Australian psychologist, sociologist, and organizational theorist (b. 1880)
  • 1951 – Maria Montez, Dominican-American-French actress (b. 1912)
  • 1954 – Glenn Scobey Warner, American football player and coach (b. 1871)
  • 1960 – Wilhelm Pieck, director of the German Communist Party and Comintern, first President of East Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch statesman (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Karen Blixen, Danish writer (b. 1885)
  • 1971 – Spring Byington, an American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1971 – Albert Caraco, French-born Uruguayan philosopher, writer, essayist, and poet (b. 1919)
  • 1974 – Celâl Sılay, Turkish poet and short story writer (b. 1914)
  • 1979 – IA Richards, English literary critic and rhetorician (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Christy Brown, Irish writer and painter (b. 1932)
  • 1984 – Jennifer Kendal, English actress (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Sait Ağar, Turkish politician (b. 1920)
  • 1988 – Sedad Hakkı Eldem, Turkish architect (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Alan John Percivale Taylor, British historian and journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Fuat Börekçi, Turkish politician (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Edwin McMillan, American nuclear physicist (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – James Clavell, Australian writer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Terence Young, English film director (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Bibi Besch, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Arda Bowser, American professional football player (b. 1899)
  • 1997 – Mobutu Sese Seko, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Mustafa Tayyar, Turkish politician (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Mario Bardi, Italian painter (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Spede Pasanen, Finnish director (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Warren Zevon, American composer and musician (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Efkan Efekan, Turkish actor (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Enver Kaplan, Turkish politician (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Musa Arafat, Palestinian statesman (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Sergio Endrigo, Italian singer (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Muammer Writer, Turkish lawyer (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – John Kluge, American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – César Ardavin, Spanish screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Kemal Merkit, Turkish motorcyclist (b. 1960)
  • 2013 – Dokka Umarov was president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria from 2006 to 2007 (b. 1964)
  • 2014 – Kwon Ri-Se, Japanese-Korean singer and model (b. 1991)
  • 2015 – Susan Allen, American harpist (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Candida Royalle, American actress, producer, and director of pornographic films (b. 1950)
  • 2016 – Norbert Schemansky, American former weightlifter (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Ferheng Sharif, Iranian composer, researcher and teacher (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Türkan Akyol, Turkish medical doctor, academic and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Jeremiah Goodman, American designer and painter (b. 1922)
  • 2017 – Terence Harvey, English character actor (b. 1944)
  • 2017 – Tomás Villanueva, Spanish politician (b. 1953)
  • 2018 – Jonas Algirdas Antanaitis, Lithuanian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2018 – Mac Miller, American hip hop singer (b. 1992)
  • 2019 – Robert Axelrod, American actor and voice actor (b. 1949)
  • 2019 – John Wesley, American actor and veteran (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Berni Alder, German-born American physicist (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Aurelio Iragorri Hormaza, Colombian politician (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Sergey Koltakov, Soviet-Russian actor (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Xavier Ortiz, Mexican actor, singer, producer and businessman (b. 1972)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • Storm: Quail Crossing Storm
  • Aydın's Liberation
Rail Industry Show Armin sohbet

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