Stating that jumping into the sea or pool invites very serious injuries, experts draw attention to neck, spine and spinal cord injuries. Experts emphasize that even though the spine has a flexible and strong structure, sudden, uncontrolled, overly compelling risky movements should be avoided.
Üsküdar University NPİSTANBUL Brain Hospital Brain, Nerve and Spinal Cord Surgeon Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa drew attention to the injuries caused by diving into the sea or the pool.
Fishing jump causes serious problems
prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa noted that one of the serious traumatic situations that are unfortunately frequently seen in the current summer months is neck, spine and spinal cord injuries resulting from diving into the shallow sea or pool.
prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa, “While diving into the sea or a pool, the person has to pull his head back very quickly (hyperextension movement) and sometimes also turn it to the side (rotation movement) in order not to crash to the bottom because the water is not deep, sometimes in addition to these. and crushing (compression movement) with the neck hitting the bottom can also affect the neck.” warned.
The spinal cord and nerve tissue may be damaged
Noting that all this sudden movement of the neck with a high force-acceleration causes fractures of the neck vertebrae and deterioration of its integrity, Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa said, “These fractures can damage the spinal cord and nerve tissue in the spine. Despite the extremely flexible structure of the neck, wide range of motion, strong muscle and other soft tissue equipment, -especially before, structural problems, narrow neck spinal canal, neck hernia, congenital anomalies, etc. In people with conditions – spinal cord damage due to a sudden and strong load on the neck during diving into shallow water, fractures that develop in the neck spine in a very short time, normal dislocation of fragmented fractures and compression on the nerve tissue, neck hernias, injuries of soft tissue and connective tissue Many pathological lesions such as he said.
Two major problems may arise
Noting that these sudden (acute) traumatic lesions that develop in a very short time cause two main problems in the spine, Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa explained these as follows:
- Sudden compression and/or damage to the spinal cord and nerves in the spinal cord and nerves in the neck spinal canal (which may be temporary or permanent),
- Disruption of the strength (= stability) and normal structure and alignment of the spine.
May cause serious injury
Emphasizing that these injuries, which can occur by diving into shallow water, cause extremely severe clinical signs and symptoms, sometimes sudden death or serious disability. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa, “Partial or complete, temporary or permanent paralysis of movements, sensations and all other neural activities in the arms, legs and trunk are the situations we frequently see in this picture. In addition, sometimes trauma can affect the head and spine composition and even higher (brainstem, brain), causing respiratory and cardiac dysfunctions, sometimes sudden cardiac-respiratory arrest and death. In addition, severe traumatic damage to other systems and structures in the body may develop in these traumas. he said.
The treatment process is very important
Pointing out the importance of the treatment process in such injuries, Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa said, “One of the most important elements in the treatment is that the organization in the health system is very well organized, and that these patients are transported to a center (where the patient's surgical, medical, rehabilitation, etc. treatments can be performed) as soon as possible, and the patient is approached correctly from the moment of trauma until they reach the hospital. "said.
Beware of wrong interventions!
Noting that the wrong interventions made at the scene immediately after the trauma can make the situation much worse, Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa gave the following information about the treatment process:
“The treatment in the hospital is multidisciplinary (multidisciplinary); treatment is started without delay in emergency conditions; diagnosis and treatment begin immediately after the patient enters the hospital and progresses over a long period of time; First of all, treatments for vital functions, measures for possible lesions, examination, imaging and examinations of the whole body and systems for traumatic lesions, various interventions and manipulations, drug treatments for traumatic damage to the nerve tissue, removal of the pressure in the spinal cord and nerve tissue (= decompression) ) and to restore the strength and normal structure of the spine (= stabilization and reconstructive) surgeries may be necessary. In order for the patient to regain his neurological functions as soon as possible and at the best level, early rehabilitation studies are initiated starting from the very first day.”
Avoid risky moves!
Brain, Nerve and Spinal Cord Surgeon Prof. Dr. Mustafa Bozbuğa concluded his words as follows: “As a physician, what I can say on this subject is that after describing all this heavy and dramatic process, people should stay away from such serious and dangerous interventions with serious consequences; Although the spine has a flexible and strong structure, it should be kept in mind that such sudden, uncontrolled, extremely challenging and risky movements can sometimes darken the life of a person and the lives of those around him.”
Günceleme: 18/08/2021 12:33