Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms, Causes and Treatment in Infants

atopic dermatitis symptoms causes and treatment in infants
atopic dermatitis symptoms causes and treatment in infants

Atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema, is mostly seen in children, but it can rarely occur in adults. Atopic dermatitis increases especially in spring due to meadow and tree pollen. In the treatment, skin moisturizers, antihistamines, creams with local cortisone, moisturizing baths are used frequently and relieve atopic dermatitis attacks. Specialist from Memorial Antalya Hospital Dermatology Department. Dr. Ali Rıza Başaran gave information about atopic dermatitis in babies and its treatment.

It may indicate that you will have an allergic disease in the future.

Atopic dermatitis, also called infancy eczema, especially in infancy; It is manifested by dry skin, eczematous skin lesions and itching on the cheeks, arms and legs, trunk. Food sensitivities, especially during the transition to complementary foods, may cause exacerbation of atopic dermatitis lesions. Children with atopic dermatitis should definitely be followed up for the development of other allergic diseases in the future.

Cleaning at home can improve eczema

There are many environmental factors that cause atopic dermatitis. The most common dust, soil and pollen contact can cause atopic dermatitis in children if they have an allergic background. Foods that can cause an allergic reaction, such as lactose, are among the causes of atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis increases after all kinds of infections, especially in children. There is an increase in the incidence of atopic dermatitis after antibiotic and drug use and even after vaccination. After cleaning at home with chemical substances, atopic dermatitis flares up in infants and children. Even if the baby or children do not come into contact with chemicals, even breathing invisible molecules in the air during cleaning is enough to increase atopic dermatitis.

If you have a pet, beware!

Woolen products, which were used widely in the past but are not preferred today, cause an increase in atopic dermatitis in children with sensitivity. Animal hair, such as cats and dogs, also triggers the rise of the disease. Factors affecting children with allergic asthma may also affect children with atopic dermatitis. Locations of atopic dermatitis may be different in infancy and after childhood, as they reach adulthood.

It manifests itself with these symptoms;

  1. Dry skin pallor
  2. Very intense lines on the palms and soles of the feet
  3. Under-eye bruises and lines
  4. low hairline
  5. Shiny nails cracks on the lip
  6. folds in the neck
  7. skin color changes
  8. recurrent itching

Environmental factors should be considered

In atopic dermatitis, first of all, the baby or child should be removed from the existing factors. This may not apply to all factors. For example, a baby or child can be easily removed from factors such as woolen products, the presence of cats and dogs in the house, chemical contact. However, conditions such as infection and antibiotic use cannot be prevented. In children with atopic dermatitis; During the vaccination process, the use of antibiotics and when teething, rashes are seen. Due to the change of seasons in spring and autumn, rashes occur in infants and children due to atopic dermatitis.

Humidifier plays a big role in the treatment

Treatment of atopic dermatitis is planned in 2 ways. The first is carried out during the period when the patient has a severe acute attack. During this period, there are drugs such as moisturizers that must be used constantly. Because the skin of children with atopic dermatitis is sensitive and dry. For this reason, cortisone creams and antihistamine syrups given by a dermatologist in the acute period come into play. The use of these drugs is very important. Families should not hesitate from cortisone creams. The use of cortisone given by the specialist in certain doses is not harmful to children. After the atopic dermatitis attack has been overcome, disease-specific moisturizers are used to keep the body moist during the maintenance treatment process.

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