Forest fires can be detected in advance with the new technological sensor designed by the students of the Genetics and Bioengineering, Industrial Engineering and Electrical and Electronics Engineering Departments of the Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences of Istanbul Bilgi University. In this way, it is aimed to prevent the loss of life of plants and living things in that habitat in the future.
One of the consequences of the climate crisis, which causes many negative effects in the world, is forest fires. The changing climate triggers forest fires. Istanbul Bilgi University students, who set out to put an end to this negative situation, designed a new technological sensor within the scope of the interdisciplinary course. Büşra Nur Kütük, İdil Salman and Ayşe Betül Levent from the Department of Genetics and Bioengineering of the Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Şeyda Nur Keklik and Damlasu Türkoğlu from the Department of Industrial Engineering, and Kaya Uras Tuzcuoğlu from the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. The interdisciplinary project jointly developed by BİLGİ Genetics and Bioengineering faculty member Prof. Dr. It was conducted under the consultancy of Hatice Gülen.
Gets its energy from the sun
The purpose of this sensor is to intervene in advance of fires that may occur when they reach dangerous/critical levels by monitoring the measurements of humidity, temperature and smoke parameters that are effective in the start of forest fires. In this way, it is aimed to prevent the loss of life of plants and living things in that habitat. The digitally designed device gets its energy from the sun. Such sensors, which are already available and used today, are not widely used in every green area, as they involve high costs thanks to the thermal camera technology they have. For example, there are 210 devices placed on 96 hectares of land in Spain. These devices are activated remotely according to changes in temperature, humidity, CO, and CO2 amounts. Another example from the world is the sensors in California, some of which have GPS receivers. The difference from the other example is that these sensors are designed using temperature, relative humidity and barometric pressure sensors. Apart from these, to give an example from Turkey, there are pilot applications around the ancient city of Rhodiapolis in Antalya/Kumluca and on the campus of Boğaziçi University.
The sensor is activated as a result of the temperature above 40 degrees
The parameters that the device measures are divided into three branches as humidity, temperature and smoke. These can be climatic data as well as vegetative parameters. As a result of humidity falling below 20 percent, temperature above 40 degrees and smoke, the sensor is activated and connected to an alarm system. The device includes a sensor and a solar panel to be placed in trees, an FC-28 sensor to place in the soil and measure the amount of moisture, and a GSM/GPS card to detect the location. As soon as the area where the device is active measures the levels of substances that are suitable to activate the alarm system, data such as the location and size of the fire creates a warning on the monitors. For this reason, the situation can be prevented before the fire grows and forests and living things are irreversibly damaged. When the device is used in the right conditions, the risk of fire is determined beforehand and precautions are taken. In addition, since fires can be detected at an early stage at the initial stage, the fire is brought under control before it grows with early intervention.