Foreign bodies swallowed by dogs and cats can have life-threatening serious consequences. While the cases of swallowing bones, socks and buckles are common in dogs, cats mostly swallow sewing needles and thread.
Although the games of cats and dogs using the surrounding objects are a source of joy, they can sometimes cause situations that can threaten their lives. Foreign body ingestion in dogs and cats is a frequently encountered situation, especially in young animals, and often requires urgent intervention. In the most common foreign body ingestion cases in dogs, bones, socks and buckles stand out; In cats, sewing needles and threads are more common. In cases where the patient's owner can notice this situation, treatment can be provided without serious complications with rapid diagnosis and intervention.
Symptoms may take several hours or months to appear.
Professor of Near East University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery and Near East University Animal Hospital physician. Dr. A. Perran Gökçe says that clinical symptoms in animals ingesting foreign bodies can be seen over a period of a few hours and up to months. The most common symptoms include persistent vomiting, excessive salivation (salivation), retching, loss of appetite, restlessness, inability to defecate or less defecation. "Patient owner should contact the veterinarian immediately when they notice these symptoms," said Prof. Dr. Gökçe said, “In delayed cases, the patient may become weak with vomiting, decrease in body condition and general condition deterioration. In addition, swallowed foreign body can cause obstruction in the esophagus, stomach and intestines, mucosal damage and perforation, causing inflammation of the peritoneum. Following this, the patient may go into septic shock and die.”
Full-fledged animal hospitals save lives
Stating that it is very important for veterinarians to be informed by patient owners, Prof. Dr. A. Perran Gökçe, “Does he have a lost toy at home, has he swallowed a foreign object before? Answers to the questions make it easier for us to go to the diagnosis. After the information received, the clinical examination of the patient is performed. Linear foreign bodies such as threads can be observed during oral examination. The abdominal region is also examined by hand and it is observed whether the patient reacts due to pain. It may also be necessary to use direct-indirect radiography, ultrasonography and endoscopy for diagnosis. Therefore, it is of great importance to intervene in such cases in full-fledged animal hospitals.
Surgical intervention may be required
"The structure and location of the detected foreign body allows us to decide on the treatment method," said Prof. Dr. Gökçe said, “According to the structure and location of the object; It is decided whether to apply medical treatment, surgical intervention or endoscopy. Medical treatment can be applied by using stool softeners and lubricants for smooth foreign bodies that are thought to be able to pass through the intestines. However, in this case, the patient should be x-rayed every day and if there is no change in the position of the foreign body for 24 hours, surgical intervention should be decided quickly.
Delaying the treatment increases the risk of perforation in the intestine and stomach region. "Immediate surgical intervention is required in cases where perforation has occurred," said Prof. Dr. A. Perran Gökçe, “The presence of blood in the vomit or stool suggests that the foreign body causes mucosal ulceration. If severe mucosal damage is detected, the patient should be fasted for 24-48 hours. In addition, the general condition of the animal should be examined, blood tests should be done intermittently, and intravenous fluid supplementation should be given to the patients that we do not feed orally. prof. Dr. Gökçe warns animal owners not to "give disproportionate bone fragments or toy materials that may be swallowed, which may put their animal's life at risk."