Liv Hospital Vadistanbul Thoracic Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tugba Cosgun told me.
As in almost all types of cancer, early diagnosis is the most important factor that will save the life of the patient in lung cancer. Lung cancer usually does not give any symptoms as there is no pain in the lungs during this period. For this reason, people over the age of 55 with a smoking history should be followed up with computed tomography for screening purposes. Because only as a result of these shots, first stage lung cancer can be detected.
Surgical operation with 2-3 cm incision
If the cancer is limited to the lung, smaller than 5 cm, and there is no involvement of lymph nodes or other organs, it is defined as “Stage 1”. Patients at this stage are operated with closed methods. In these surgeries performed with a 2-3 cm incision and one or two 1 cm incisions, the patients are discharged after an average of 5-6 days in the hospital and they can return to their normal lives within 2 weeks.
80% chance of cure in early stage
When lung cancer is diagnosed at an early stage and surgical intervention is performed, the long-term results are satisfactory. After the complete examination of the tissues taken in the surgery by the pathology, patients often continue their lives without the need for chemotherapy and radiotherapy, only by being checked at certain intervals. While the chance of completely surviving the disease is 70-80% in cancer cases diagnosed at an early stage, this rate can increase to 1% in cases smaller than 90 cm.
Surgery may sometimes be the first choice in locally advanced stages.
However, there is also a special group called locally advanced stage. For many patients in this heterogeneous group, surgical intervention becomes a crucial part of multidisciplinary treatment to achieve recovery. In these patients, the addition of radiotherapy or chemotherapy in addition to surgery can provide additional benefits to the patients, so it is called multimodal therapy. Only in this group of patients, the optimal sequence of surgery and other treatment modalities and how they should be applied may vary from case to case. In some patients, chemotherapy or radiotherapy should be applied first, while in some patients it may be necessary to put surgery in the first place. For this reason, the treatment method of each patient varies according to the characteristics of the patient such as heart, respiratory capacity, age, the location of the lesion, its size, the involvement of a vessel or organ, or the involvement of the lymph nodes. In this direction, the optimal treatment method for each patient is determined individually in the councils.