Today in History: Urfa's Name Was Changed to Şanlıurfa

Urfa's Name Changed to Sanliurfa
Urfa's Name Changed to Sanliurfa

June 12 is the 163th day of the year (164th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 202 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 12 June 1933 Mühürdarzade Nuri Bey and his partners won the tender for the Sivas-Erzurum line (690 km) and the Malatya-Çetinkaya lines. The line ended in December 1938. Now the slogan "Turkish knowledge, Turkish capital, Turkish contractor and railway with the Turkish worker" has started to be used instead of the slogan "Just a little more shimendifer".
  • 12 June 1994 Taksim-Sisli tunnels merged

Olaylar 

  • 1826 – Eskinci corps started to be established instead of Janissary corps.
  • 1898 - The Philippines declared its independence from Spain.
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha passed from Havza to Amasya.
  • 1921 – Before the Greek offensive, Greek King Alexandros, Prime Minister Venizelos and Chief of General Staff arrived in Izmir.
  • 1924 – Heybeliada Sanatorium, Turkey's first sanatorium, was opened.
  • 1925 – Istanbul Teachers' Association congress was held.
  • 1932 – Emir Faisal, Regent of the Hejaz, visited Turkey.
  • 1935 – Bolivia and Paraguay end the three-year Chaco War in the Gran Chaco region with a treaty.
  • 1940 - The Government convened under the Presidency of President İsmet İnönü and decided to stay out of the war.
  • 1940 – II. World War II: British and French troops of 54 surrender to the armies of German Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux on the English Channel border. German troops continued to advance towards Paris.
  • 1941 – A French merchant ship was torpedoed and sunk off Çanakkale. The crew of the ship was rescued and brought to Istanbul.
  • 1947 – Pressure on the press continues; Big East The magazine was closed for 4 months by the decision of the Court.
  • 1948 – Hungarian Workers' Party, which was in power in the Hungarian People's Republic until 1956, was established.
  • 1957 – Kırşehir was made a province again.
  • 1958 – More than 150 thousand people attended the rally for Cyprus in Ankara.
  • 1960 – The Provisional Constitution was announced. All the rights and powers of the TGNA were given to the National Unity Committee in accordance with the Temporary Constitution.
  • 1962 – Bread was increased in Istanbul, 650 gr. bread was 65 cents.
  • 1966 – The foundation of the Keban Dam was laid.
  • 1967 - The Soviet Union sent the spacecraft "Venera 4" to the planet Venus.
  • 1967 – Laws banning interracial marriage in the USA are completely repealed.
  • 1968 – Istanbul University was occupied by students under the leadership of Deniz Gezmiş.
  • 1971 – The Office of the Chief Public Prosecutor applied to the Constitutional Court for the closure of the Workers Party of Turkey.
  • 1974 – The government announced that it would nationalize the Ataş Refinery.
  • 1975 – Greece formally applied for membership in the European Economic Community (EEC).
  • 1984 – The name of Urfa was changed to “Şanlıurfa”.
  • 1984 – Photojournalists Association was founded.
  • 1986 – Ahmet Altan's “Trace in the WaterHis novel ” was found to be “dire”. A lawsuit was filed against Altan and his publisher, Erdal Öz.
  • 1986 – Haydar Dümen's “Sex Life 2” was confiscated.
  • 1987 – A general election was held in the United Kingdom. Under Margaret Thatcher, the Conservatives won the third election.
  • 1988 – The wind and heavy rain at a speed of 15 kilometers blowing for 80 minutes in Ankara left 14 dead behind.
  • 1989 – The number of Turks immigrating from Bulgaria reached 90 thousand.
  • 1990 - Russia officially declared its independence.
  • 1994 - The Boeing 777 made its maiden flight, taking off from Paine Field.
  • 2000 – Turkey's first space camp, “Space Camp Turkey” was opened.
  • 2002 – TOFAŞ terminated the production of the Bird Series.
  • 2004 – A 1,3 kg chondrite meteorite crashed on top of a house in New Zealand, causing extensive damage to the house but no casualties.
  • 2005 – The first oil was supplied to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline.
  • 2007 – Tülay Tuğcu, the first female President of the Constitutional Court, retired.
  • 2009 – Presidential elections were held in Iran.
  • 2011 – 2011 General Elections for the Parliament of Parliament were held in Turkey.
  • 2016 – 49 people were killed and 53 injured in an attack on a gay bar in Orlando, Florida. The attacker, Omar Mateen, was killed in a gunfight with the police.

births 

  • 1819 – Charles Kingsley, English writer (d. 1875)
  • 1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss writer (d. 1901)
  • 1890 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (d. 1918)
  • 1892 – Djuna Barnes, American modernist writer (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Anthony Eden, British politician (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, German-American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1986)
  • 1908 Otto Skorzeny, German SS soldier (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Ali Tantavi, Syrian scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Füreyya Koral, Turkish ceramic artist (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1924 – George HW Bush, 41st President of the United States (d. 2018)
  • 1926 – Norval White, American architect, historian, and professor (d. 2009)
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, Jewish daughter (whose diary exposed Nazi persecution) (d. 1945)
  • 1930 – Adolf Born, Czech painter, cartoonist, and cartoon producer (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Rodney William Whitaker, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Chick Corea, Spanish-American jazz pianist
  • 1941 – Roy Harper, English musician
  • 1943 – Sennur Sezer, Turkish poet and writer (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Oğuz Abadan, Turkish musician
  • 1951 – Andranik Markarian, Armenian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1960 – Angela Ahrendts, American businesswoman
  • 1965 – Gwen Torrence, American athlete
  • 1969 – Heinz-Christian Strache, Austrian politician
  • 1973 – Victor Ikpeba, Nigerian football player
  • 1974 - Jason Mewes, American actor
  • 1976 – Antawn Jamison, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Burcu Kaya Koç, Turkish volleyball referee and newscaster
  • 1979 – Evrim Akın, Turkish cinema, television and theater actress and presenter
  • 1981 – Adriana Lima, Brazilian model
  • 1982 – Diem Brown, American host and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1985 – Dave Franco, American actor
  • 1986 – Mario Casas, Spanish actor
  • 1986 – Sergio Rodríguez, Spanish national professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Umut Gundogan, Turkish football player
  • 1995 – Furkan Soyalp, Turkish football player
    • Sun Qiaolu, Chinese actress and model (d. 2021)

Weapon 

  • 816 – III. Leo, Pope of the Catholic Church from 27 December 795 to 12 June 816
  • 1124 – Hasan Sabbah, founder of the Assassins order (b. 1050s)
  • 1816 – Pierre Augereau, French field marshal and member of the High Council (b. 1757)
  • 1840 – Gerald Griffin, Irish writer (b. 1803)
  • 1912 – Frédéric Passy, ​​French economist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1822)
  • 1937 – Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Soviet marshal and Chief of Staff of the Red Army (b. 1893)
  • 1937 – Mariya Ulyanova, Russian female revolutionary (b. 1878)
  • 1946 – Hisaichi Terauchi, II. Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Land Forces during World War II (b. 1879)
  • 1972 – Edmund Wilson, American author, critic, and essayist (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Guo Moruo, Chinese author, poet, politician, screenwriter, historian, archaeologist, and ancient scriptwriter (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1983 – Clemens Holzmeister, Austrian architect and designer (b. 1886)
  • 1983 – Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – İbrahim Delideniz, Turkish theater artist (b. 1901)
  • 1994 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson was an American Orthodox Jewish rabbi born in the Russian Empire (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Tolga Aşkıner, Turkish theater artist (b. 1942)
  • 1997 – Bulat Okucava, Georgian-Armenian origin Soviet musician, poet and writer (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Leo Buscaglia, American educator and author (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Berat Yurdakul, Turkish journalist (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese communist politician (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – György Ligeti, Hungarian-Austrian music composer and music teacher (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Şener Seat, Turkish test pilot (b. 1951)
  • 2009 – Félix Malloum, Chadian soldier and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Laura Ziskin, American film producer (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Henry Hill, American gangster (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Elinor Ostrom, American political scientist and economist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Pahiño, Spanish former football player (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Sabri Ülker, Turkish industrialist and businessman (founder of Ülker Group) (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Rick Ducommun, Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Sümer Tilmaç, Turkish actress (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Antoni Pitxot, Spanish painter (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Michu Meszaros, Hungarian-American midget actor, circus performer, and stuntman (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Janet Waldo, American actress and voice actor (b. 1920)
  • 2017 – Piotr Andrejew, Polish film director and screenwriter (b. 1949)
  • 2017 – Sam Beazley, British actor (b. 2016)
  • 2017 – Fernando Martínez Heredia, Cuban politician (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Charles P. Thacker, American pioneer computer designer (b. 1943)
  • 2019 – Philomena Lynott, Irish writer and businesswoman (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Sylvia Miles, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – Ali Hadi Muhsin, Iraqi professional football player and manager (b. 1967)
  • 2020 – Ricky Valance, Welsh pop singer (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Perfecto Yasay Jr., Filipino politician (b. 1947)
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