Damages of the Sun's Rays to the Skin

sun rays invite skin spots
sun rays invite skin spots

Dermatologist Dr. Hasan Benar warned about the harmful effects of sun rays. “The warmth and light of the sun gives us happiness. However, although we love the sun, too much exposure to it causes serious damage to our skin. Therefore, with the arrival of summer, wrinkles, brown spots and skin burns become our problem and agenda.

Dr. Hasan Benar said, “The cells that give our skin its color, namely melanocytes, are located in the upper layer of the skin and produce melanin, which is the color substance. Melanin is normally produced more in dark-skinned people and less in white-skinned people. This is clearly seen in skin differences between individuals. The darkening of the skin color that occurs with sunbathing, that is, tanning, is a situation that we all witness. After exposure to the sun, the production of melanin in the skin increases and is distributed within the visible upper layer of the skin. These color pigments cover the skin like a garment and try to protect it from the harmful effects of the sun. This also shows us the differences in tanning between individuals. The tan is actually a defense mechanism of the skin against harmful sun rays.

Dermatologist Benar says, “Sunspots are brown spots that appear on sun-exposed areas such as the face and hands, especially when exposed to long-term and repetitive sunlight. Sunspots can occur not only with sunbathing, but also with the frequent use of solariums, which have become fashionable and dangerous in recent years. The spots on the skin can be caused not only by the sun, but also by injury, acne, the use of cosmetic products, or as a result of hormonal changes, genetic predisposition, and some medications used. That's why people should definitely apply to a dermatologist in order to be evaluated healthily," he warned.

Emphasizing that sunspots are one of the most important reasons why the skin looks old, Dr. “Unprotected exposure to the sun is the main cause of skin aging, and this can lead to other long-term skin problems, also known as sunspots. Sunspots are mostly formed on the skin surfaces that see the sun the most, such as the hands and face.

“Skin spots caused by the effect of the sun can cause significant problems”

Dr. Benar continued his explanations on the subject by mentioning how it is possible to prevent sunspots. Benar says, “It is always possible to prevent premature aging, repair the signs of sun damage or even reverse it. For this; skin care products containing at least 30 UVA and UVB SPF should be used daily, cotton, breathable and light-colored clothes should be preferred, sunglasses should be chosen according to health norms, not fashion, and the skin should not be exposed to the sun directly during the hours when the sun's rays are intense. found.

Stating that sunscreen is one of the keys to a bright, youthful-looking skin, Dr. Hasan Benar stated that sunscreens provide a chance to repair some existing damage in the immune system by reducing daily sunlight intake. Benar also said that it contributes positively to the healing process of the skin and underlined that daily use can also reduce the risk of long-term skin cancer.

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