Rhythm disorders are one of the most frequently complained issues in terms of heart health, and this problem, which occurs at all ages, can be caused by a simple reason or hide a much larger problem. Cardiology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu reminded that in rhythm disorders, which can be life-threatening, it can manifest itself with an underestimated symptom such as palpitations.
Rhythm disorders, which are 20-30% common in the society, are a very common condition that affects people of all age groups. Explaining that this problem usually manifests itself with heart palpitations, Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu explained that this situation can become a situation that seriously affects the daily life of the patient. Reminding that some rhythm disorders can pose a life-threatening risk to the patient, Yeditepe University Kozyatağı Hospital Cardiology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu said, “The rhythm disorder that occurs due to a simpler reason or life-threatening can show similar symptoms in the patient. In both cases, only a feeling of palpitations is experienced. For this reason, it is extremely important to determine the underlying cause on time, so we tell the patients that if your feeling of palpitations affects their lives, they should definitely consult a cardiologist, ”he said.
"Not all palpitations are rhythm disorders"
Stating that it is important to distinguish between rhythm disorder and distortion at this point, Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu continued his words as follows: “Not all palpitations are caused by rhythm disturbances. Many situations encountered in daily life can cause an increase in heart rate. For example, even falling in love is an example of palpitations that can cause an increase in heart rate. After all, these are a physiological response that the body has to give. It is not a rhythm disorder, ”he said. Assoc. Dr. Aksu pointed out that the palpitations that occur for no apparent reason may be a symptom of rhythm disturbance.
"Pay attention to rhythm disorder in the elderly"
Noting that arrhythmia can be seen at any age, Assoc. Dr. Stating that the type of this disorder varies according to the age of the patients, Tolga Aksu said: “The rhythm disorder seen in young people is mostly caused by the atria of the heart. In this case, palpitations have a good prognosis and although the quality of life of the patient is impaired, they are not life-threatening, but rhythm disorders that occur in older ages are caused by the heart ventricles and these are very important. "This situation, which can be defined as dangerous, can pose a life-threatening risk for the patient."
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cause of palsy
Stating that atrial fibrillation is the most common permanent rhythm disorder in the world and in Turkey, Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu gave the following information: “Atrial fibrillation occurs over 80 percent in those over 20 years old, and between 5 and 10 percent in young people. Atrial fibrillation is the most common cause of stroke. Paralysis due to atrial fibrillation may cause more permanent problems than strokes due to clots thrown from the plaques in the neck, so when the patient experiences atrial fibrillation, the focus is on eliminating the possibility of paralysis, not palpitations. Blood thinning treatment is initiated according to the patient's risk profile and accompanying diseases. After the risk of stroke is eliminated, palpitations are treated by taking into account additional complaints such as shortness of breath and chest pain, ”he said.
"99 percent permanent treatment can be provided"
Emphasizing that 99 percent permanent treatment can be provided in arrhythmia, Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu explained that rhythm disorders that are seen in young people and are not life-threatening can be treated with the Catheter Ablation method. Assoc. Dr. Aksu continued his words as follows: “The treatment approach can be changed since the disorders caused by the heart ventricle can be seen together with different heart diseases such as heart failure. In this case, we apply a treatment consisting of ablation or medication or a combination of the two, ”he said.
Concerning Catheter Ablation, which is a treatment of rhythm disorder performed by giving radio waves Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu gave the following information: “This method is used in rhythm disorders that cannot be controlled with drugs or when patients do not want to take medication for life. The procedure is basically performed by numbing the needle insertion sites with local anesthesia and, in some cases, under general anesthesia. Since no incision is made, they can return to daily life in a short period of 2 days at most. "
Conditions that trigger persistent arrhythmia
Yeditepe University Hospitals Cardiology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tolga Aksu stated that situations such as obesity, not exercising, not paying attention to cholesterol, smoking, and consuming alcohol trigger permanent rhythm disturbance, and said that alcohol consumption greatly reduces the success of treatment.