Today in History: Süleymaniye Mosque, Built by Mimar Sinan, Opened

Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque

June 7 is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 207 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 7 June The first contract of the 1857 Constanta-Chernovas line was prepared.
  • According to the news of 7 June 1931 Hakimiyet-i Milliye, farmers had no crop in the places where railways built in the east of Ankara passed. This was the first time seen in provinces such as Sivas and Amasya.
  • 7 June 1937 Hekimhan-Çetinkaya line is opened.
  • 7 June 1939 Law No. 3633 on the regulation of the State Railways Administration was published.

Olaylar 

  • 769 – FMU (French Mason Union) is founded.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: The crusader army arrived in front of the Jerusalem castle and the siege of Jerusalem began.
  • 1494 – The naval powers of the period Portugal and Spain reached the Treaty of Tordesillas.
  • 1557 – Suleymaniye Mosque, built by Mimar Sinan, was opened.
  • 1654 – XIV. Louis became King of France.
  • 1692 – Earthquake in Port Royal, Jamaica: 1600 people were killed and 3000 seriously injured.
  • 1801 - Portugal and Spain sign the "Treaty of Badajoz". Portugal lost the city of “Olivenza”.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera epidemic in Québec: About 6000 people die.
  • 1856 – Dolmabahçe Palace was opened for use.
  • 1862 - Gennaios Kolokotronis becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1863 - Mexico City is captured by French troops.
  • 1866 – Izmir-Aydin railway, the first railway line established in Anatolia, was opened.
  • 1890 – The Ertuğrul Frigate arrives at Yokohama Port in Japan.
  • 1893 - Gandhi begins the first act of civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance.
  • 1905 - The Norwegian Parliament declared its independence from its union with Sweden. Independence was approved with a referendum held on 13 August.
  • 1914 – The Panama Canal connecting the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean is opened to ships.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman 9th Army was formed.
  • 1929 - The Vatican became an independent state.
  • 1935 - Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1939 – The CHP Board of Directors decided to separate the state and party administration again.
  • 1942 – The first Turkish plane made in the Etimesgut factory took off.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: The Battle of Midway officially ends with the decisive victory of the United States.
  • 1943 – The typhus epidemic started in Istanbul, some cinemas were closed and the sale of antiques was prohibited.
  • 1945 – The motion known as the quadruple memorandum, signed by Celâl Bayar, Adnan Menderes, Fuad Köprülü and Refik Koraltan, was submitted to the CHP Parliamentary Group.
  • 1949 – The Old Age Insurance Law was passed.
  • 1956 – The New Press Law prepared by the Democratic Party Government was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Speaking on behalf of the Freedom Party, Turan Güneş said:With this law, there will be no freedom of the press, not even the press." said.
  • 1957 – Atatürk University was established.
  • 1958 – The Great Cyprus Meeting was held in Istanbul, Beyazıt Square.
  • 1962 – About 100 unemployed porters marched to the Governorship of Istanbul.
  • 1964 – Partial senate elections were held in 26 provinces of Turkey. AP 31, CHP 19, independents 1 senatorship.
  • 1966 - Ronald Reagan becomes the 33rd Governor of California.
  • 1967 – Israeli troops enter Jerusalem (Six-Day Wars).
  • 1973 – The battleship "Yavuz" was ceremonially retired from the Navy.
  • 1977 – Semiha Yankı won the 13th International Golden Orpheus Song Contest.
  • 1981 - Israeli warplanes destroy an Iraqi nuclear reactor on the grounds that it is being used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • 1982 – Turkey's Lisbon Embassy Administrative Attaché Erkut Akbay and his wife Nadide Akbay were killed in an attack by the Armenian organization ASALA.
  • 1985 – TRT Board of Directors decided not to broadcast the activities of parties outside the parliament.
  • 1989 – A Douglas DC-8 passenger plane of Suriname Airlines crashes near Johan Adolf Pengel airport (Suriname): 168 people are killed.
  • 1994 – The famous name of the society, Ayşegül Tecimer, was detained for smuggling historical artifacts.
  • 1996 – The task of forming the government was given by President Süleyman Demirel to Necmettin Erbakan, Chairman of the Welfare Party.
  • 2001 – The Labor Party, headed by Tony Blair, wins the British elections.
  • 2005 – The second season DVD of the American TV series MacGyver is released.
  • 2007 – First Turkish Sign Language Workshop convened in Ankara.
  • 2008 – 2008 European Football Championship started.
  • 2009 – SBS held for the 7nd time for 2th graders.
  • 2012 – The Thorning-Schmidt Government's bill to legalize same-sex marriage is approved by Folketing (Danish Parliament).
  • 2015 – General elections were held in Turkey.
  • 2016 – A suicide bomb attack took place in the Vezneciler district of Fatih district of Istanbul. (See 2016 Cashier Attack)

births 

  • 1502 – III. João, King of Portugal (d. 1557)
  • 1837 – Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
  • 1845 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
  • 1848 – Paul Gaugin, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1896 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Jessica Tandy, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Dean Martin, Italian-born American singer and film actor (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – James Ivory, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1931 – Okot p'Bitek, Ugandan poet and sociologist (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Arkady Arkanov, Russian playwright and comedian (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1941 – Temel Karamollaoğlu, Turkish textile engineer and politician
  • 1942 – Kirsten Lundsgaardvig, Danish painter (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Muammar Gaddafi, former Libyan leader (d. 2011)
  • 1948 – Anna Zaborska, Slovak politician
  • 1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1952 – Orhan Pamuk, Turkish writer and Nobel Prize winner for Literature
  • 1954 – Cem Ceminay, Turkish radio programmer and columnist
  • 1954 – Jan Theuninck, Belgian painter and poet
  • 1956 – L.A. Reid, American music producer and composer
  • 1956 – Marty Whelan, Irish radio and television personality
  • 1958 – Prince, American musician (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Kemal Merkit, Turkish motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
  • 1965 – Damien Hirst, English painter
  • 1966 – Zlatko Yankov, Bulgarian football player
  • 1967 – Cristina Adela Foisor, Romanian chess player (d. 2017)
  • 1967 – Yuji Sakakura, Japanese football player
  • 1968 Sarah Parish, English actress
  • 1970 – Cafu, Brazilian football player
  • 1970 – Tomoaki Ogami, Japanese football player
  • 1972 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • 1972 – Kerem Deren, Turkish screenwriter
  • 1973 – Jennie Widegren, Swedish dancer
  • 1975 – Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • 1975 – İsmail Cem Doğru, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1976 – Mirsad Türkcan, Turkish basketball player
  • 1979 – Catalina Castaño, Colombian tennis player
  • 1981 – Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – German Lux, Argentine football player
  • 1983 – Piotr Malachowski, Polish athlete
  • 1984 – Marcel Schäfer, German football player
  • 1984 – Shu Abe, Japanese football player
  • 1985 – Alejandro Bergantiños García, Spanish football player
  • 1985 – Kenny Cunningham, Costa Rican football player
  • 1988 – Arsène Copa, Gabonese national football player
  • 1988 – Leonardo Ferreira, Brazilian football player
  • 1988 – Michael Cera, Canadian film and television actor
  • 1989 – Berna Koraltürk, Turkish actress
  • 1990 – Iggy Azalea, American rapper and model
  • 1990 – Shinya Awatari, Japanese football player
  • 1992 - Abdul Khalili, Swedish football player
  • 1992 – Jordan Clarkson, American basketball player
  • 1993 – Jordan Fry, American actor
  • 1993 – Takumi Kiyomoto, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Magsad Isayev, Azerbaijani football player
  • 1995 – Frank Bagnack, Cameroonian football player
  • 1996 – Godfred Donsah, Ghanaian football player
  • 1996 – Makito Hatanaka, Japanese football player
  • 1996 – Ryosuke Shindo, Japanese football player
  • 1997 – Deniz Tekin, Turkish musician and songwriter

Weapon 

  • 555 – Vigilius, pope from 29 March 537 until his death in 555
  • 1329 – Robert I, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
  • 1358 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese warrior and statesman (b. 1305)
  • 1438 – Barsbay, Sultan (b. 1369)
  • 1492 – IV. Kazimierz Jagiellon, King of Poland (b. 1427)
  • 1660 – II. György Rákóczi, Prince of Erdel (b. 1621)
  • 1821 – Louis Claude Richard, French botanist and plant painter (b. 1754)
  • 1826 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German optical physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 – III. Friedrich Wilhelm, king of Prussia from 1797-1840 (b. 1770)
  • 1843 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet (b. 1770)
  • 1848 – Vissarion Belinski, Russian writer and literary critic (b. 1811)
  • 1871 – August Immanuel Bekker, German philologist and critic (b. 1785)
  • 1880 – John Brougham, Irish-American actor and playwright (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Edwin Booth, 19th century American actor (b. 1833)
  • 1894 – Nikolay Yadrintsev, Russian explorer, archaeologist, and Turkologist (b. 1842)
  • 1937 – Jean Harlow, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1945 – Nikola Mandić, Prime Minister of the Independent State of Croatia (b. 1869)
  • 1954 – Alan Turing, English mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1960 – Bogoljub Jevtić, Serbian politician and diplomat who served as prime minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (b. 1886)
  • 1966 – Jean Arp, German-French sculptor, painter and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Asaf Çiyiltepe, Turkish theater artist (b. 1934)
  • 1968 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – EM Forster, English novelist, short story, and essayist (b. 1879)
  • 1978 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, English chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
  • 1979 – Oğuz Özdeş, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1920)
  • 1980 – Philip Guston, American painter (b. 1913)
  • 1980 – Henry Miller, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Johannes Martinus Burgers, Dutch physicist (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Georgia Hale, American silent film era actress (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Cahit Zarifoğlu, Turkish poet, writer and intellectual (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1993 – Kurt Weitzmann, German-American art historian (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – Dennis Potter, English writer (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Ahmet Koyuncu, Turkish politician (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2003 – Selahattin Ülkümen, Turkish diplomat (called “Turkish Shindleri”) (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2004 – Don Potter, English sculptor, potter, and teacher (b. 1902)
  • 2005 – Mehmet Ulusoy, Turkish theater director (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Abu Musab ez-Zarqawi, Jordanian soldier and leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (b. 1966)
  • 2008 – Dino Risi, Italian film director (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – Mietek Pemper, Polish-born German Jew and Holocaust survivor (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Jorge Semprun, Spanish writer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Abdürrahim Karakoç, Turkish poet, writer and intellectual (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Richard Ramirez, American death row serial killer (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Fernandão, Brazilian football player (b. 1978)
  • 2015 – Christopher Lee, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Erol Simavi, Turkish journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Tanju Gürsu, Turkish film actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1938)
  • 2016 – Stephen Keshi, Nigerian goalkeeper and coach (b. 1962)
  • 2017 – Jan Høiland, Norwegian singer (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Deo Rwabiita, Ugandan politician and diplomat (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – David Dauglas Duncan, American anti-war journalist and photojournalist (b. 1916)
  • 2018 – Arie den Hartog is a former Dutch racing cyclist (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Francis Smerecki, French former football player and manager (b. 1949)
  • 2018 – Viktor Tolmachev, Russian engineer and designer (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Stefan Weber, Austrian art educator, singer (b. 1946)
  • 2019 – Kazım Arslan, Turkish lawyer, businessman and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2019 – Noémi Ban, Hungarian-born American Jewish Holocaust Holocaust survivor educator and activist (b. 1922)
  • 2019 – Ryszard Bugajski, Polish film director and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2019 – Nonnie Griffin, Canadian actress and voice actor (b. 1933)
  • 2019 – Elisabeta Ionescu, Romanian handball player (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Hubert Gagnon, Canadian actor and voice actor (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Lynika Strozier, American biologist (b. 1984)
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