The last teeth to erupt in the mouth are called wisdom teeth. So, when should wisdom teeth, which is the fearful dream of many people, be extracted? Dr. Dt. Beril Karagenç Batal gave important information about the subject.
Wisdom teeth are the third molars at the back of our mouth. There are 20 pieces in our mouth, right-left, bottom-upper. Through x-rays and oral examination, we can diagnose problems with your wisdom teeth before they occur. They don't always need to be pulled, as long as they are healthy, fully driven, fully recessed, chewable properly, and properly cleaned.
But when we look at the majority, there is not enough room in the mouth for wisdom teeth to erupt. It creates problems for your other teeth. Because they are located at the very back of the mouth, patients often find it difficult to clean. Especially when they are semi-buried, that is, they only partially protrude into the mouth and the remaining part is covered with gingiva, it is almost impossible to clean that area with a brush and remove food residues and bacterial plaque. Therefore, such wisdom teeth create a risk of caries for adjacent teeth.
The contribution of wisdom teeth to chewing is very little or even almost non-existent. But their harm is much more than the benefits of the risk coefficient they create.
How do wisdom teeth cause problems?
- It may remain completely embedded in the chin. Impacted wisdom teeth can sometimes cause pathologies such as cysts and tumors.
- Wisdom teeth, which are only partially erupted and a few of which are visible in the mouth, can form a passageway for bacteria. Because wisdom teeth are difficult to reach as part of daily cleaning, a gum infection and abscess can develop around a partially erupted wisdom tooth.
- It is difficult to keep wisdom teeth clean and causes hard-to-treat caries and bone cavities in adjacent teeth.
- One of the most common causes of bad breath is abscessed or semi-impacted wisdom teeth that cannot be cleaned.
- Teeth row may be affected. If the wisdom teeth don't have enough space when they erupt in the mouth, they can compress or damage the other teeth.
When should wisdom teeth be extracted?
Planning an extraction before the negative side effects of wisdom teeth are experienced should be considered as a preventive idea.
You can determine the best solution for you by talking with your dentist about the position and health of your teeth. If you choose to delay the extraction of your wisdom teeth, you should see a dentist as soon as you begin to experience changes in your teeth or any of the following symptoms:
- Pain, difficulty in chewing, limitation in opening and closing
- Recurrent soft tissue infection around the last teeth
- Gum disease
- extensive dental caries
- bad smell, bad taste