Starlink is a constellation satellite built by the American satellite company SpaceX to provide satellite internet access. The constellation will work with ground stations and will consist of thousands of small satellites mass-produced. SpaceX also plans to use some of its satellites for exploration and science purposes, and to sell some of its satellites to the armies.
As of September 2020, SpaceX has deployed 775 satellites. In addition, it is planned to place more than 60 satellites per launch in launches that will take place every two weeks starting from this month. In total, 2020 satellites will be deployed in the mid-12.000s, after which the total number of satellites is planned to be increased to 42.000. The first 12.000 satellites are planned to be located on three orbits: the first of the three orbits at an altitude of 550 km from the ground and with a total of 1.600 satellites, followed by another orbit at an altitude of about 1.550 Ku- and Ka-band spectrum satellites at an altitude of about 2.800 V at an altitude of 340 km. It is in the form of placement of -band satellites. It is predicted that the commercial use of satellites may begin in 7.500.
With this initiative, the placement of thousands of satellites in orbit between 340 and 1.550 km has led to concerns that there will be possible effects on astronomy and that space debris will occur in the long term.
It was estimated that ten years would be required to design, build and deploy the satellite constellation, and the total cost of the project would cost SpaceX US $ 2018 billion in May 10. Development of the product started in 2015, and in February 2018, the first two prototypes were tested with satellite test flights. The second set of test satellites and the first large-scale deployment housed 60 small satellites, and this flight took place on 24 May 2019 (UTC). Starlink's research, development, manufacturing, and orbit control operations are all conducted at SpaceX satellite development facilities in Redmond, Washington.
SpaceX communication network news was first made public in January 2015. In the statements, it was stated that it has the ability to support enough bandwidth to carry 50% of all backhaul communication traffic and can cover up to 10% of local internet traffic in busy cities. In his statements, CEO Elon Musk stated that the project will meet a significant demand for low-cost global broadband internet capabilities.
Trees are cars parked under these trees and a longitudinal building visual. The opening of the SpaceX satellite development facility in Redmond for the development of the announced new communication network was announced by SpaceX in January 2015 with its partners. During this period, the Seattle regional office was planning to hire 60 engineers and around 1.000 people over the next few years. The company worked on a 2016 m² leased area until the end of 2.800, and in January 2017 acquired the second facility of 3.800 m², also in Redmond. In August 2018, SpaceX consolidated all of its operations in the Seattle area by moving to a larger third building at the Redmond Ridge Corporate Center to support satellite manufacturing in addition to R&D.
In July 2016, SpaceX settled in Irvine, California (Orange County), on a 740 m² site for design work. SpaceX announced that it is looking for signal processing, RFIC and ASIC developers for satellite programming to work in its newly located Irvine office.
SpaceX's communications satellite network idea was officially announced in January 2015 and a satellite development facility was established in the town of Redmond, Washington state. The project was named Starlink, inspired by the book Under the Same Star, and was registered in 2017. It was announced that in May 2018, the total development and construction costs are expected to be $ 10 billion.
In April 2019, the FCC authorized SpaceX to place approximately 12.000 satellites into orbit. On May 24, 2019, 60 satellites were sent into orbit by a Falcon 9 launch vehicle.
With the completion of the Starship project, it plans to place 400 satellites at each take-off. According to the news published in March 2020, it can produce 6 satellites per day. Until December 2021, 11 flights will be made and 660 more satellites will be deployed.