Our country has been making strides with Nuclear Energy investments in recent years. The studies that started in the 1950s and 60s are now aimed at achieving a final result with the project investments made by the State.
As stated in our previous articles, these investments, which should be realized for 50,60 years, unfortunately, the industrial moves after the founder of our Republic, Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, were not continued, the feasibility studies and project investment process related to the impact of political and economic instabilities and military coups were interrupted.
Studies on nuclear power plant in Turkey in 1977 is 300-400 MW reactor has planned a project carried out (e) the menu was the first attempt for the nuclear power plant in Mersin Akkuyu in 1971 & it was done 50 years ago.
In this article, she MTA (Mineral Exploration) General and Distinguished Academicians nuclear weapons pursuant to the operation and nuclear power's No. 1 raw material of the skin associated with uranium mine (rate, per cent) and reserves (mineable ore body; tons denominated) by including in the information Republic of Turkey In this article, the nuclear investments in our ancient lands, the potential of uranium minerals and the thorium mine, which is more valuable than uranium, will be discussed in detail and examined in sub-topics. Detailed and understandable information will be provided to you.
it is desired to embargoed economically by Turkey to the imperialist US, all alone the political sense, the pursuit of its uranium enrichment activities in Iran, Israel and the US intelligence services, which Mossad and even to assassinate Nuclear Physicist Muhsin Fahrizade by the CIA of being a global power It is the drunkenness of being the founder and part of dirty and dangerous games. The Almighty and Noble Turkish State is always on alert and will always be the guardian of the projects that will "Ensure Full Independence" without bowing to threats.
Nuclear Power Plants
Although there are Thermal Power Plants, Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plants and Renewable Energy (Wind, Solar, Biomass, BioGas, Geothermal Power Plants) projects that have increased in our country in recent years, they cannot provide the energy efficiency provided by the "Uranium Mine", which is / will be used as nuclear fuel. While the annual requirement of a 250MW Nuclear Power Plant is met with 1000 tons of Uranium, Çanakkale & Çan Thermal Power Plant needs 2 million tons of coal annually for 160 × 1.8 MW. It is possible to find out how much energy difference there is between uranium and coal with a simple mathematical calculation.
Currently, there are 3 investment projects in total, namely Mersin & Akkuyu, Kırklareli & İğneada and Sinop Nuclear Power Plants. Russian partnership in Akkuyu, Chinese partnership in İğneada and Japanese partnership in Sinop respectively.
The Akkuyu NGS Project is being constructed by 1200 Reactors of 4 MW by the Russian State Organization "ROSATAM" with a total installed power of 4800 MW and the project cost 20 billion USD. Legislation of the Republic of Turkey and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 's recommendations related activities are carried out.
Nuclear energy investments in Turkey's energy export (import) is to reduce dependency ratio 'energy-related deficit' 'will attempt to shut down. We would also like to inform you that; The reason for the construction of thermal and nuclear power plants, especially in locations near the sea, is that following the meteorological (atmospheric events) and oceanographic (marine science) studies, the cooling water is desired to be provided from the sea with the "Deep Sea Discharge Line".
Uranium Mineral Deposits in Our Region
Uranium (U), which is a radioactive element, is not found in free form in nature and forms uranium minerals with various elements. Tectonic movements (activities of the earth's crust) have an important effect on the formation of the uranium mine, and uranium minerals are deposited in various rocks in the earth's crust. Uranium ore passes through many stages from being found in nature to being used as a fuel in the reactor;
- Ore exploration, exploitation of the deposit, ore extraction
- Yellow cake production, yellow cake treatment (ADU production)
- Calcination and reduction to UO2
- Conversion of UO2 to UF4
- UF4 made from UF6
The sub-map was taken from an article published in a magazine in 1978, and the black circles, which are stated as full in the legend, also show uranium resources and it is stated that there are related deposits in Çanakkale Ayvacık region.
Turkey's main uranium Beds (MTA, 2014) is given in the following table Ayvacik Arıklı Nusratlı and villages in the region and close about 250 tons of reserves have been identified. If uranium is calculated over 100 to 150 USD / Kg, there is a reserve of 25-40 Million Dollars.
Due to the fact that uranium cannot be bought and sold easily like other mines, it is subject to very strict rules on its transportation, and it is subject to some agreements and international supervision between countries, countries that establish nuclear power plants or countries that will establish them aim to invest in investment projects using their own uranium reserves.
While the World Uranium Reserves were between 1978-20 USD / Kg in 30, the prices have increased due to the development of today's nuclear weapons industry and its use as energy raw material, and many researches have led to the execution of activities related to drilling operations and facilities. Although 250 Tons of Uranium meets the yearly requirement of a 1000MW Nuclear Power Plant, it is not economical for the establishment of a uranium enrichment facility in the relevant region, but only for investments related to mining and shipping. The fact that the relevant area is in the tourism zone requires a meticulous work based on ecosystems due to the fauna and flora of Kaz Mountains.
As stated in the 2007/1 scale Geological Map of the region published by MTA in 100000, there are phosphate nodules in the tuff formations in the region, and it was understood that phosphate mineralization was together with uranium with the drillings made. Following this, natural radiation sources were determined in various places in Ayvacık and Küçükkuyulocations, and necessary measurements were made, and even the radioactivity measurement values in tuff rocks were examined and reported. Alpha and Beta values in air and drinking water and radiation dose rate measurements were made in various villages.
Thorium Reserve in Our Country
Thorium is a radioactive element like uranium and is not in free form in nature. In order for thorium to be used as a nuclear fuel, it needs to be prepared after major chemical processes, and it cannot be used directly as fuel in reactors and it also needs a new generation nuclear reactor technology. . In order to use thorium, high technology (engineering) studies are continuing, mainly China, America and India are doing great research on this element.
As it can be seen from the table below and Turkey percent, with 6% of the world's thorium reserves. It competes with the USA in terms of reserve capacity, but it has surpassed China.
It is argued that the energy to be obtained from thorium will be many times more than the energy to be obtained from Uranium, and that the technology of the future is in this element and Boğaziçi University Faculty Member Prof.Dr. In the statements of Metin Arık, it is stated that "an accelerator-based energy generation technology will come to the fore, thorium will be an important actor in this technology, and the same technology to obtain energy from thorium is used at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN)".
High Energy Nuclear Physics for Fiziği'nev Turkish Accelerator Center (TMH) Project for the action taken and Turkey Atomic Energy Agency for the growth of young minds (TAEK) activities are carried out by.
Our Science Martyr Prof.Dr. Engin Arıkan Lady 'New Generation Nuclear Reactor, and Proton Accelerator Technology in the interview that basis,' 'If we have the capability to produce electrical energy with thorium, these trillions of barrels will be a source of energy in oil equivalent.' 'Saying Turkey's global he argued that he had an opportunity to become an actor.
We also remember with mercy and gratitude our Martyrs Engin Arık, Şenel Fatma Boydağ, Özgen Berkel Doğan, Mustafa Fidan, Engin Abat and Iskender Hikmet in the '' Isparta Plane Crash '', which is one of our brains who are looking after the interests of the State and the Nation and producing projects.
Country and Canakkale available by taking some of the regions and by addressing the future of nuclear energy technology carries the beautiful and the belief that we gave meticulous details first at an angle unbiased our valued readers and each investment made in Turkey, should follow with a developmental sequence that past into the future and our freewill We also share with you the recommendation that we should analyze it thoroughly. On this occasion, we present our respects.