Koru Hospital Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Op. Dr. Hakan Kasapgil gave important information on the subject. The new generation robotic surgery, which has been used in knee joint prosthesis surgeries, zeroes the risk of error and provides great comfort to the patient. The XNUMXD model of the area to be prosthetic is first created and the virtual application is made with the computer-aided system, which allows the prosthesis to be placed in the most appropriate and correct way during the operation.
Kiss. Dr. Hakan Kasapgil said that the new generation robotic knee joint prosthesis surgery system, which has been used in orthopedic surgeries, allows the prostheses to be placed in the joints in the most perfect way.
"The robotic knee joint prosthesis surgery system we use in Koru Hospital Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic consists of a computer-aided robotic arm with an advanced software." said Op. Dr. Kasapgil said, “In knee prosthesis surgery, the surgeon maps the knee joint surface of the patient with the robot he uses and creates a 3-dimensional model on the computer. The area where the prosthesis will be placed and the places to be cut are determined and marked on the 3D digital joint model. Bone cutting rates, prosthesis dimensions, fit of prostheses and placement angles of prostheses are calculated on the computer equipped with special programs. " said.
"Bone Cuts Are Made With Full Accuracy"
Stating that robotic prosthesis surgery helps to perform bone cuts with full accuracy, Op. Dr. Kasapgil continued, “In classical knee replacement surgeries, even experienced orthopedic surgeons had a margin of error in adjusting the position of the prosthesis. The robotic prosthesis surgery system guides the surgeon visually, aurally and physically during the surgery, preventing going out of planning and making mistakes.With the system that prepares the prosthesis by cutting the area where the prosthesis will be placed, not by cutting it, it is ensured that the prosthesis is placed in full compliance with the bone. In traditional knee replacement surgeries, standard incision blocks were used to position the prosthesis. These blocks were positioned on the bone by the surgeon by observing some anatomical reference points. Even the smallest mistakes that can be made during this process can prevent full compliance in the placement of prosthetic parts. As a result, natural joint movement may not be achieved and various problems may be encountered after surgery. " Emphasizing that it is very important to perform the ligament balance with zero error as well as the placement of the prosthesis in knee replacement surgery. Dr. Hakan Kasapgil stated that real and full-time data are available to the surgeon in robotic prosthesis surgeries, thus preventing problems that may occur after surgery.
"Early Recovery After Robotic Prosthesis Surgery"
Kiss. Dr. Kasapgil continued his words as follows; After the robotic prosthesis surgery, physiotherapists, accompanied by a physician, raise the patient and take the first steps. It is aimed to complete the postoperative process with minimal pain. With an effective rehabilitation program to be carried out in the hospital, patients get out of bed without support while they go home. In addition, they also have the ability to eliminate the need for the toilet and move around the house. With the robotic prosthesis surgery method, normal tissues are much less damaged, healing takes a much shorter time. Patients who are more painful after the surgery naturally use less pain medication. The hospitalization period of the patient is shortened, there is no risk of infection.
Advantages of Robotic Surgery
- High-resolution imaging system provides a very detailed planning opportunity during surgery,
- Prosthesis can be performed very precisely only on the damaged part of the knee,
- Tissue trauma is minimal,
- Healthy bone stock is preserved,
- All the ligaments in the knee are preserved,
- The patient gets a more natural knee feeling after surgery,
- Much faster and painless recovery is provided,
- The patient returns to his daily life in a short time,
- Since the implants will be placed with high accuracy, the life of the prosthesis applied to the patient is also long,
- It does not require tomography before surgery. The patient does not have to receive additional radiation,
- In the surgery, the risk of physician errors decreases and the success rate increases.