In order to be healthy and stay healthy, one of the most necessary and important activities for all of us from 7 to 70 is to do sports. Well, what sport at what age? This question is answered by Istanbul Rumeli University Sport Sciences Faculty Recreation Department Research Assistant Ayşenur Kurt.
Sports awareness needs to be instilled in families and children
“Sport is an important concept not only for physical health but also for holistic health development. Children who play sports develop their experience, creativity and sense of responsibility. kazanrivers. Social behaviors such as helping and cooperating, showing respect to friends, family and people around kazanIt also contributes to their self-development. However, today, before the specialization period in sports, the sports practices that children should do with pleasure and entertainment have been replaced. kazanEmphasis is placed on studies that have the ambition to grow and damage their development as a result of overload. At this point, movement training and sports awareness, which should be done consciously especially in the pre-school period, should be instilled in families and children. Otherwise, it will cause the child to move away from sports and to end his sports life early as a result of early specialization in the branch.
Physical activities should be done at all ages.
Ayşenur Kurt, who says that children should be in physical activity at all ages, not in a certain age range, said, "Especially for children in the pre-school period. kazanThe physical activity habit that has been developed is reflected in adolescence and later stages of life. Until the age of 0-6, the aim of physical competence is to learn the basic movements and to connect them in the game. At this stage, the physical activities of children; It provides brain function, gross motor skills, emotional and social development, development of self-esteem, reduction of stress, development of bone and muscle strength, ensuring proper posture, development of motoric features (flexibility, strength, endurance, coordination and speed), thus facilitating access to appropriate sports branches. .
Prepare young children for sports with physical activities
Your basic skills kazanStating that children between the ages of 2 and 7 are interested in discovering their talents, Istanbul Rumeli University Faculty of Sports Sciences Recreation Department Research Assistant Ayşenur Kurt continued as follows: The preparation process for sports should be applied with activities prepared in the form of games, in which basic movements such as hitting, climbing, swimming, dancing, and cycling are included. When we consider the developmental periods, the locomotor and stability level of a 2-year-old child is at the initial stage. When his control and rhythmic coordination is improved at the age of 3-4, he starts to do the activities he wants to do in a more controlled and appropriate way. When he reaches the age of 5-6, he reaches the maturity stage thanks to the basic movement training given. From the age of six, children can train in a particular sport according to the stages of specialization. In this context, it is accepted as the right time that children in this age group have reached certain physical and mental development in order to learn a certain sport and acquire a technique.
If the child does not perform basic movements such as running, throwing, jumping and climbing in the preschool period, it cannot be expected that children will be able to do individual and team sports as expected. ''
Start your child to the appropriate basic sports branches in pre-school period
Based on the basic movement period and skills, the basic sports branches suitable in the preschool period are swimming, athletics, general gymnastics and dance. Beginning to branches, starting with basic education skills; It will be appropriate to start swimming, gymnastics and athletics branches from the age of 3, dance from the age of 4, racket sports from the age of 6, and team sports from the age of 7 and later.
Let your child decide on the sports branch
Saying that the most important point that should not be forgotten should be left to the child to choose the sports branch to be chosen, Kurt completed his words as follows: “It should be a branch in which the child feels happy, enjoys and has fun during basic education. At this point, parents and expert trainers should observe the child and direct it according to their development. The suitability of the children to the sports branch can be determined within the activity. At the selection stage, the child's anthropometric (height, weight, body structure) characteristics, motoric (strength, speed, balance, flexibility, endurance and speed) characteristics, perception and analysis features should be carried out by experts by considering mental, social and psychological factors. '