11 world, while Turkey is struggling with Covidien 9 months-19 pandemic. Stating that the disease is spreading very rapidly in our globalizing and shrinking world, Academic Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist and Lecturer Doctor Nilüfer Aykaç states that personal precautions are of great importance in Covid-19 as in all epidemic diseases.
Covid-19 virus was first seen in Wuhan, China, in December last year. The World Health Organization on March 11, 2020, he was declared that a pandemic and coronavirus first case was announced the same day by the Ministry of Health in Turkey. Today, the number of cases in the world has exceeded 67 million and deaths have exceeded 1,5 million. The number of cases according to the official data of the Ministry of Health in Turkey was based on 553 thousand. Unfortunately, the death toll exceeded 15 thousand.
Stating that spending more time in closed environments with the arrival of winter increases the burden of the pandemic, Academic Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist and Faculty Member Doctor Nilüfer Aykaç draws attention to the insufficiency of ventilation and the fact that the virus likes cold and dry conditions away from sunlight. Stating that personal precautions are very important in Covid-19 as in all epidemic diseases, Aykaç adds that wearing a mask, maintaining physical distance and taking care of personal hygiene in the Covid-19 pandemic are very effective to prevent the disease.
Wearing a mask and washing hands frequently
Covid-19 is transmitted through droplets scattered by sick individuals when they cough and sneeze. Touching surfaces contaminated with respiratory particles of patients and then taking them to the face, eyes, nose or mouth without washing their hands also causes the virus to spread. Therefore, one of the most important measures to be taken to protect against Covid-19 is washing hands frequently with soap and water. Alcohol-based hand antiseptics and cologne are also effective in disinfecting hands. In addition, wearing a mask is the most basic and easiest way to prevent respiratory diseases. If you wear your mask properly so that it covers your nose, you can be protected from viruses.
Maintaining physical distance
Since Covid-19 is transmitted by contact and respiration, be careful not to be in areas with crowded groups. Even if your mask is on your face, avoid close contact as much as possible. Especially in these days when the epidemic is increasing, do not go indoors unless it is necessary. Do not participate in activities such as celebrations and ceremonies. You can significantly reduce the infectiousness of the virus by maintaining a physical distance of at least two meters and wearing a mutual mask.
The effect of vaccines on Covid-19
Turkey vaccine in the world and work for Covidien-19 should highlight the importance of other vaccines while. Influenza (flu) cases become quite common during the winter months. Influenza brings diagnostic and treatment difficulties due to its clinical and radiological findings similar to Covid-19. Therefore, influenza and pneumonia vaccines become even more important during this period. In researches, there are reports that Covid-19 is milder and death rates have decreased in people with flu vaccine. It is especially important for healthcare professionals, those with an underlying disease, individuals over 65 and those who have to work in crowded environments to be vaccinated. Individuals over the age of 65 and especially those with chronic bronchitis, asthma, chronic kidney cancer and heart disease should also be given pneumonia vaccine.
Breaking the chain of contamination
In addition to all these personal precautions, the most important thing in pandemics is breaking the contamination chain. For this reason, filection studies, transparent data sharing and widespread testing are the main ways to contain the epidemic. In addition, Covid-19 patients should be isolated. The main strategy that should not be kept in mind is that the fight against the epidemic will be won in the field, not in hospitals.