The second of the "Istanbul Barometer" survey of the IMM Istanbul Statistical Office, which takes the pulse of the city, has been published. In this second report, the primary agenda of the public was COVID-19 and economic problems. The three most important problems of Istanbul were expressed as possible Istanbul earthquake, economic problems and transportation, respectively. The rate of those who thought that both the country and their own economy would deteriorate increased. 60,2 percent of the respondents stated that they could not earn enough to live in November; 87,6 percent said that they could not afford an unexpected urgent expense of 5 thousand TL with their own means. While 49,6 percent of the participants stated that they were working, 28,7 percent stated that they feared dismissal. 75 percent of job seekers believe they will not be able to find a job in the near future. The majority of the participants support the inspection of taxis, Covit-19 measures and a smoking ban.
In October, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Istanbul Statistics Office started publishing the "Istanbul Barometer" research, which takes the pulse of the people of Istanbul on many topics from domestic agenda to mood levels, from economic preferences to job satisfaction. With the Istanbul Barometer, the periodic surveys to be held with questions on the same theme every month will enable the citizens of Istanbul to analyze their thoughts on hot agenda issues, their awareness and attitude towards municipal services. “Istanbul Barometer November 2020 Report” was prepared by talking to 23 Istanbul residents over the phone between 1 November and 2020 December 850. According to the report, the public's agenda in November was as follows:
Domestic agenda: Covid-19 and economic issues
Participants were asked what was the most talked about at home in November. 55,3 percent of the participants stated that Covid-19, 27 percent economic problems, and 6 percent Izmir earthquake were spoken. Compared to October, it was seen that Covid-19 increased its place in the agenda of the family.
Istanbul's agenda: Covid-19, Kanal Istanbul, Formula 1
73,1 percent of the participants stated that Covid-19, 13,3 percent of the Channel Istanbul project and 5,2 percent of the participants stated that Formula 1 was the agenda of Istanbul.
Turkey's agenda: Izmir earthquake, Covidien-19 vaccine studies, exchange rates
41,7 percent of the participants caused the Izmir earthquake, 16,1 percent Dr. Özlem Türeci, Prof. Dr. Ugur Sahin and his team of vaccine studies, 12 percent of foreign exchange rate movements, he said that Turkey is on the agenda.
The three most important problems: Earthquake, economic problems and transportation
Directed to the participants, "What do you think is the most important problem of Istanbul?" 60,4 percent answered possible Istanbul earthquake, 52,6 percent economic problems, and 41,1 percent transportation.
55,1 percent think the country's economy will deteriorate
a decrease of 55,1 percent compared to the rate fell in October will worsen in the near term considering Turkey's economy. The rate of those who think the economy will recover in the near term increased compared to October and reached 22,8 percent. The rate of those who think the course of the economy will not change increased compared to October and became 22,1 percent.
Those who think their own economy will deteriorate increased
The proportion of those who think their own economy will deteriorate in the near term increased compared to October and reached 55,3 percent. The rate of those who think they will get better increased compared to October, and is 16,6 percent; The rate of those who think that their course will not change, decreased compared to October and reached 28,1 percent.
60,2 percent can't make enough money to live
60,2 percent of the participants stated that they could not earn enough to make a living, 36,3 percent of them stated that they earned enough to make a living. Only 3,5 percent of the participants stated that they could save this month. Compared to October, it was observed that the rate of those who could not get along increased.
6,7 percent can invest
The number of participants using investment tools decreased compared to the previous month and became 6,7 percent. 56,1 percent of the participants who invested stated that they bought gold and 43,9 percent bought foreign currency.
Borrowing rate increased
The borrowing rate of the participants increased to 44 percent compared to October, and the lending rate decreased to 3,2 percent. 2,4 percent of the respondents stated that they both borrowed and lent money, and 50,4 percent said they did not do any.
The number of people who could not pay their credit card debt increased
Among the participants using credit cards, the number of those who paid the entire credit card statement decreased 36 percent compared to the previous month, the number of those who paid the minimum amount was 33,2 percent, and the number of those who never paid their credit card debt increased to 18,6 percent.
The majority cannot meet unexpected urgent needs
72,6 percent of the participants stated that they could not afford an unexpected urgent expense of one thousand TL and 87,6 percent of 5 thousand TL by their own means.
59,1 percent shop at discount stores
"Which of the outlets did you shop in November?" Where more than one answer can be selected. 59,1 percent of the participants were from discount markets, 39,2 percent from the neighborhood market, 26,5 percent from small shopkeepers, 22,2 percent from online markets, 18,8 percent from other supermarkets and 6,7 percent, XNUMX of them stated that they were shopping at shopping centers. Compared to October, while the number of shoppers from discount markets and neighborhood markets decreased, the number of shoppers from online markets increased.
Priority should be given to social aid and earthquake
Many answers can be given, "If you had the budget planning of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, which areas would you give priority to in Istanbul?" 37,6 percent of the participants answered social aids, 36,3 percent said fight against earthquake, 26,5 percent supported students, 24,9 percent urban transformation and 15,8 percent answered transportation.
28,7 percent fear dismissal
49,6 percent of the participants stated that they were working. 73,7 percent of the working participants stated that they are satisfied with their job, 18,4 percent of them are not satisfied, and 28,7 percent of them are afraid of being fired.
75 percent of job seekers believe they will not find a job
While 21,6 percent of the unemployed participants stated that they were students or could not find a job, 75 percent of this group did not believe that they would find a job in the near future.
The stress level of Istanbul residents increased
Both the stress and anxiety levels of Istanbul residents increased compared to the previous month. His stress level was 10 out of 7,5 and his anxiety level was 7,1. While the average stress level of women was 8, it was seen that men were 7,1.
Life satisfaction decreased
Life satisfaction level was measured as 4,4 and happiness level as 4,7; both levels decreased compared to last month. While the average life satisfaction level of women was 4,6, it was 4,2 for men.
Loud discussion rate decreased
The proportion of participants who entered the loud debate decreased compared to October, reaching 30,4 percent; rate decreased in transportation / traffic, increased in business environment.
88,4 percent support inspection of taxis
While 88,4 percent of the participants supported IMM's implementation of inspections and criminal proceedings for taxi drivers who choose passengers based on their distance and victimize their customers, 6,5 percent stated that they did not.
62,3 percent support COVID-19 measures
In November, he said that he supported the restrictions taken by the Ministry of Internal Affairs within the scope of combating the Covid-19 outbreak by 62,3 percent and not by 33,4 percent.
The rate of those who support the smoking ban, 85,8 percent
Turkey launched as part of the street, in the streets and squares of the smoking ban, 85,8 percent of respondents stated that support, 89,2 percent of women, the rate of men was 82,9.
The proportion of those who do regular sports, 23,9 percent
The proportion of participants who regularly participated in sports activities in November was measured as 23,9 percent. Of those who stated that they do sports regularly, 70,6 percent say that they walk briskly, 17,9 percent do fitness, bodybuilding, 8 percent run, 4 percent yoga, pilates, etc. stated that he was doing sports activities.
Outdoor sports are preferred
Directed to the participants, "Where have you been in regular sports activities?" 66 percent said they do it outdoors and 20,5 percent indoors.