Wuhan or Wuhan is a sub-provincial city in the Hubei province of the People's Republic of China. It is the administrative center and largest city of Hubei. It is one of the largest metropolises in China and has been made the "National Center City". In addition to being the largest city in China, the center is the political, economic, financial, commercial, logistics, science, technology, cultural, educational, transportation and communication center of this region. It is estimated to be the 2020nd largest metropolis in the world in terms of population as of 42.
The name "Wuhan" originates from the historical merger of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang towns of the city. These three towns are collectively known as the "Three Towns of Wuhan". It is located east of the Jianghan Plain, at the confluence of the Yangtze River and the Han River, the largest tributary of the Yangtze, and is also known as the "Pass of the Nine Provinces."
From the middle of the Qing Dynasty to the founding of the Republic of China, Hankou's economy flourished greatly and Hankou became one of Asia's most prosperous places; It has been called "Chicago of the East" or "Chicago of China" in foreign sources both historically and today. It was here that the Wuchang Uprising that triggered the 1911 Revolution that led to the dissolution of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China. In 1927, the Nationalist Government decided to unite the Three Towns of Wuhan and make Wuhan China's first directly governed city, and for a short time made Wuhan the country's capital. Wuhan temporarily again functioned as the country's capital for ten months during the Second Sino-Japanese War and became a focal point of the Second World War. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Wuhan turned into an important industrial, educational and transportation center of the country.
Wuhan is an important science R&D center in China and home to many emerging industries. As of 2011, Wuhan has more than one million university students and has the largest student population of all cities in the world. As of 2015, there are 82 higher education institutions in Wuhan; that is, Wuhan is the second city in China after Beijing to host the highest number of higher education institutions. Wuhan's economy has grown significantly in recent years and has one of the fastest growth rates among all Chinese cities. Today, Wuhan is an important innovation hub and ranks second after Shenzhen among cities across China in terms of innovation capacity. Wuhan has also attracted a large number of immigrants from outside the city in recent years, and the net growth rate in the youth population is the second largest in China after Shenzhen's.
One of the highest level tennis competitions in China, Wuhan Açıkgun is planned to be held in Wuhan in September every year from 2014 to 2028. In 2019, Wuhan hosted the World Military Games and some matches of the FIBA Basketball World Cup.
In October 2017, Wuhan was selected as the "City of Design" under UNESCO's Creative Cities Network program; Wuhan is the fourth city in China to achieve this title after Shenzhen, Shanghai and Beijing. In December 2017, Wuhan City was awarded the "Innovation City of the Year 2017" award given by Zhongguo Xinwen Zhoukan magazine.
At the end of 2019, the SARS-CoV-2 virus appeared in Wuhan and became an epidemic. In order to prevent further spread of the virus, the Chinese government isolated the city on January 23, 2020. On April 8, 2020, this isolation ended and foreign traffic was allowed again.