Recently, every mother and father whose child has coughed, had a fever or had a sore throat is concerned about the point that the child has coronavirus.
However, during this period, winter diseases are also seen quite frequently. When a child shows signs of illness, it is of great importance to take the necessary precautions and consult a doctor without panic. Specialist from Memorial Bahçelievler Hospital Child Health and Diseases Department. Dr. Canan Bilazer gave information about winter diseases mixed with Covid-19 symptoms in children and made important suggestions to parents.
Many diseases take action during the winter period
In children, the number and variety of diseases have increased with the cooling of the winter weather and the opening of the schools for a while. Among them; upper respiratory tract diseases such as influenza, cold, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, otitis, lower respiratory tract infections such as laryngotracheitis (croup), bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia, gastrointestinal system infections with diarrhea, vomiting, rashes of childhood, asthma, allergy disorders Increased symptoms and skin conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis can be counted.
Which symptom heralds which disease?
Upper respiratory tract diseases generally; It progresses with complaints such as fever, loss of appetite, head-throat-ear pain, feeling of stuffiness in the ear, cough, runny nose and congestion, tearing-runny-redness, weakness, muscle joint pain.
Symptoms seen in lower respiratory tract diseases; fever, sore throat and burning cough, hoarseness, wheezing, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, sputum production, weakness, anorexia and vomiting. The character of the cough also varies according to the type of disease, that is, the region in the respiratory tract where it is affected. Dog barking cough in those with croup; consecutive coughing episodes with wheezing and whistling sound in diseases such as asthma and bronchiolitis; In pneumonia, sputum production, and in younger children, cough attacks are seen with vomiting.
In infections of the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, mild to severe water and electrolyte losses due to the decrease in oral intake, depending on the degree of water and electrolyte loss, clinical pictures ranging from weakness to unconsciousness can be seen.
In addition, there is an increase in skin rashes and eczema-style skin rashes due to childhood rashes accompanying these infections or regardless of these conditions.
When symptoms of illness begin to appear in the child, parents usually first worry about the coronavirus in this period. In this case, it is important not to panic. A doctor should be consulted immediately by taking a mask and necessary hygiene measures for the child. After a detailed examination, a road map is determined by having information about the cause of the complaints, the degree of the disease, treatment plan and follow-up, and the complaints are controlled.
Failure to take the child to the doctor for fear of getting coronavirus can lead to serious consequences.
The fact that parents do not want to take their children to the hospital and doctor due to the concern of Covid-19 can cause serious health problems. The disease can progress rapidly, especially in young children and infants, and clinical pictures that require hospitalization can be seen. Due to the high risk of febrile convusions in the first 5 years, it is beneficial not to keep the child at home with fever. Especially in young babies, since the infection can progress rapidly to the clinical condition called bacteremia and sepsis, it is necessary to focus on fever and make the necessary tests after the examination. In respiratory tract infections, a significant risk may arise in young children, as the sputum is not easily evacuated with respiratory tract excretion and the respiratory tract is very small compared to adults. Since the child may easily experience obstruction, it is very vital to open and relieve the respiratory tract after the examination and examinations against the risk of being without oxygen. In addition, as it is known, early diagnosis and treatment of the disease is very important in all diseases. For this reason, it is useful to consult a doctor without waiting when symptoms such as fever, cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, weakness, fainting, and inability to feed are seen in the child.
Of course, because of the Covid-19 epidemic, we are all going through a difficult process and as a society we take our precautions as much as we can; It is beneficial for us to be in crowded, stuffy, smoking environments and to keep our children away. However, it is very important not to hinder our child's health needs in this process.
Do not neglect your child's vaccinations in this process.
Apart from emergency health problems, vaccination of children should not be interrupted. Because the vaccine both protects the child from these diseases, and studies have shown that children with full vaccines have a milder coronavirus. As in all other departments in our hospitals, all necessary precautions have been taken for the health and safety of children in our pediatrics departments. Triage application is carried out with great care. In this context, intact children who have symptoms of fever and infection, who come in contact and come to control, are examined and followed up in completely separated areas.