When Was The First Motorcycle Made By? Motorcycle Types

When was the first motorcycle built by whom?
When was the first motorcycle built by whom?

Motorcycle is a two- or three-wheeled, bicycle-like, one or two-person transportation vehicle with an internal combustion engine.


The first examples emerged with attempts to attach motors to bicycles. In 1869, Sylvester Roper of Massachusetts attempted to develop a steam powered motorcycle-like vehicle. In 1893, Felix Millet assembled a five-cylinder engine to the front wheel of a bicycle, creating a vehicle that was quite similar to today's motorcycle.

French inventors Michael and Eugene Werner designed the first successful two-wheeled motor vehicle. The Werner brothers placed the vehicle's engine under the frame between the two wheels. Since then, the engine has remained in the same place in motorcycle designs.

In the motorcycles produced, the preferences of the users are more important than the type separation. For example, touring-sports motorcycles, which are produced as a result of the effort to incorporate the features of both touring and sports motorcycles in a single motorcycle, are preferred by many motor lovers. Of course, this motorcycle does not have the comfort of riding a touring motorcycle, and the speed on a sports motorcycle should not be expected. As a result, it is a motorcycle that performs better than a touring motorcycle and offers better riding comfort than a sports bike.

First Motorcycle Patent Received 1894

The patent obtained by Hildebrand & Wolfmüller, who lived in Germany after Daimler, paved the way for motorcycle models to become commercial products in the following years. After this patent, the motorcycles that were mass produced but could not achieve the desired success could not be brought to the desired level in terms of usability. In 1900, a new design was developed by the brothers Michael and Eugene Werner, and with the patent obtained, the engine of the motorcycle was placed between two wheels. This design is of great importance in the success of motorcycle models.

A motorcycle that could be called modern was produced in 1903

Gradually becoming known to people, motorcycles started to show themselves in America in the 1900s. William Harley and Arthur Davidson designed the motorcycle model called Harley Davidson by doing various studies to make the motorcycle a lifestyle. Harley Davidson, which was initially marketed to the police organization and later presented more as a lifestyle, is a brand that has made significant contributions to the development of modern motorcycles and is still in existence today.

Motorcycle Widespread II. It Happened in World War II

The fact that motorcycle models with millions of users today are known by the world and create a mass for themselves. II. It happened during the World War II. Especially Harley Davidson brand motorcycle models produced in the USA were used by the soldiers during the war, and these motorcycles made it more known. Thanks to their high maneuverability, motorcycle models that facilitate the work of the soldiers, emerged in almost every country after the end of the war and spread rapidly throughout the world.

Motorcycle Types 

  1. Scooter
  2. Off-Road motorcycle
  3. Scooter
  4. Touring motorcycle
  5. Chopper motorcycle
  6. Naked motorcycle
  7. Sport motorcycle
  8. Enduro motorcycle
  9. Cruiser motorcycle
  10. Supermoto motorcycle (Hypermotard)

Motorcycle manufacturers and brands

Continuing production companies 

The list of companies that actively produce both street and racing / off-road motorcycles are listed.

Arjantin 

  • Motomel
  • Zanella
  • Siambretta

Austria 

  • Husaberg
  • KTM
  • Puch

Bangladeş 

  • Atlas Bangladesh Ltd.
  • Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.
  • RUNNER Automobiles Ltd
  • Singer Bangladesh Limited.
  • Bangladesh Honda Private Ltd.
  • Karnaphuli Industries (Haojue motorcycles of China).

belarus 

  • Minsk

Brezilya 

  • Agrale
  • Brasil & Movimento

Cin 

  • Qingqi
  • Jincheng Suzuki
  • Jincheng Group
  • Lifan
  • Zongshen
  • Loncin
  • Thumpstar

Colombia 

  • ACT

Çek Cumhuriyeti 

  • CZ
  • Java
  • Blata

Fransa 

  • Gima
  • Matra
  • Peugeot
  • SCORPA
  • Sherco
  • Solex

Almanya 

  • BMW
  • Horex
  • MZ
  • Sachs
  • Zundapp

Yunanistan 

  • YMC

Hindi Stan 

  • Bajaj Auto
  • Hero MotoCorp
  • Ideal Jawa
  • LML
  • Mahindra & Mahindra Limited
  • TVS Engine
  • Royal Enfield (India)
  • Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India

İtalya 

  • Aprilia
  • Benelli
  • Beta Engine
  • Bimota
  • Boryl
  • Cagiva
  • Ducati
  • Fantic Motor
  • Ghezzi & Brian
  • Gilera
  • Italjet
  • Malaguti
  • minarelli
  • Husqvarna
  • Motobi
  • Moto Guzzi
  • Moto Morini
  • MV Agusta
  • Paton
  • Piaggio
  • Modena land
  • Vyrus

Japonya 

  • Honda
  • Kawasaki
  • Suzuki
  • Yamaha

Güney Kore 

  • Daelim
  • S&T
  • Hyosung

Malezya 

  • Modenas

Meksika 

  • Italika

Pakistan 

  • Atlas Honda Ltd.
  • Bahawalpur Motors Limited
  • Ghani Automobile Industries
  • Honda
  • Pak Suzuki Motor Company Ltd.
  • Yamaha

Portekiz 

  • AJP
  • Alliance
  • Couple
  • Conqueror
  • dural
  • FAMEL

Rusya 

  • IMZ-Ural
  • IZh
  • ZiD as the Voskhod

Slovenya 

  • Tomos

İspanya 

  • Bultaco
  • Derbi
  • Gas Gas
  • Montesa
  • Bones
  • Rieju

Tayvan 

  • Kymco
  • SYM
  • Hartford Industrial (Hartford Motors)

Turkey 

  • Mondial Motor 
  • Yuki Motor 
  • Legal Engine 
  • Ramzey Motor
  • Falcon Motor 
  • Kuba Motor 
  • Bisan Motor 

United Kingdom 

  • Clews Competition Motorcycles
  • Matchless
  • Megelli Motorcycles
  • Norton
  • Rickman
  • Triumph 
  • Arial

America BIRLESIK Devletleri 

  • Alligator
  • Arlen ness
  • ATK motorcycles
  • Boss Hoss
  • Brammo
  • Cleveland CycleWerks
  • Confederate Motorcycles
  • Erik Buell Racing
  • Fischer
  • Harley-Davidson
  • Indian
  • Janus Motorcycles
  • MTT
  • MotoCzysz
  • Motus
  • Roehr Motorcycles
  • Rokon
  • Ridley
  • Titan
  • Victory
  • Whizzer (Only parts and accessories production)

Companies discontinuing their production 

The list of producers that have terminated their production or continue to produce through mergers and acquisitions is listed below.

Avustralya 

  • Bennett & Barkell - (~ 1910- ~ 1917)
  • Waratah - (~ 1910- ~ 1950)

Austria 

  • Delta-Gnom - (1923--1963)
  • Laurin & Klement - (1899--1908)
  • Puch - (1903--1987)

Belçika 

  • FN -
  • Gillet Herstal -
  • Minerva (1900--1914)
  • Saroléa - (1901--1960)

Brezilya 

  • Brumana Pugliese - (1970--1982)

Bulgaria 

  • Balkan - (1958-1975)

Canada 

  • Bombardier
  • Can-Am
  • Indian

Çek Cumhuriyeti 

  • Böhmerland - (1923--1939)
  • CZ-- (1935-1997)
  • ESO - (1949-1962)
  • Jawa CZ -
  • Praga Hostivař - (1929--1933)
  • Premier - (1913--1933)

Danimarka 

  • Nimbus - (1920--1957)

Finlandiya 

  • Helkama
  • Mountain in Lapland

Fransa 

  • Alcyon - (1904--1957)
  • Automoto -
  • Dresch - (1923--1939)
  • Elf
  • Gnome et Rhône - (1919--1959)
  • Midual
  • Monet-Goyon
  • Motobécane -
  • New map
  • Nougier -
  • Radior -
  • Ratier - (1959--1962)
  • Scorpa - (1993--2009)
  • Terrot -
  • Voxan - (1997-2009)

Almanya 

  • Ardie - (1919--1957)
  • DKW - (1919-)
  • D-Rad - (1923--1933)
  • Express - (1933--1958)
  • Hecker - (1922--1957)
  • Hercules - (1904--1966)
  • Hildebrand & Wolfmüller - (1894--1897)
  • Horex - (1923--1960)
  • Hoffman - (1949--1954)
  • Killinger and Freund Motorcycle (1935)
  • Kreidler - (1951--1982)
  • Maico - (1926--1986)
  • Mars - (1903--1958)
  • Megola - (1921--1925)
  • Münch - (1966--1980)
  • Neander - (1924--1932)
  • NSU - (1901--1960)
  • Opel - (1901--1930)
  • Orionette - (1921--1925)
  • Simson - (1948-1963)
  • Triumph (Nuremberg) - (1903--1957) 
  • Victoria - (1899--1966)
  • Wanderer - (1902--1929)
  • Zündapp - (1921--1984)

East germany 

  • BMW - (1945--1952)
  • EMW - (1952--)
  • MZ - (- 2009)

Yunanistan 

  • Alta - (1962--1972)
  • Lefas - (1982-2005)
  • Maratos - (1920s)
  • MEBEA - (1960-1975)
  • Mego - (1962--1992)

Hindi Stan 

  • Ideal Jawa (Yazdi)
  • Rajdoot

İtalya 

  • Accossato
  • Aermacchi
  • Aeromere / Capriolo
  • Autozodiaco
  • Bianchi
  • Caproni
  • Ceccato
  • Della ferrera
  • FB Mondial
  • Frera
  • Fusi
  • Garelli
  • Innocenti
  • Iso Rivolta
  • Lamborghini
  • Laverda
  • Malaguti
  • Maserati
  • Morbidely
  • Parilla
  • Moto Rumi
  • SWM

Japonya 

  • Abe-Star - (1951--1958)
  • Aero - (1925--1927)
  • Bridgestone -
  • Cabton -
  • Fuji -
  • Hodaka - (1964--1980)
  • Marusho - (1948--1967)
  • Meguro - (1924--1960)
  • Mitsubishi - (1946--1963)
  • Mittite -
  • Rikuo - (1929--1958)
  • Tohatsu

Meksika 

  • Cooper - (1971--1975)

New Zeland 

  • Britten Motorcycles
  • Nzeta
  • Wood

Norveç 

  • Time

Polonya 

  • CWS
  • Sokół

Portekiz 

  • CASAL - (1953--2000)
  • FAMEL - (1950-2002)
  • EFS - (1911--198?)
  • Macal - (1921--2004)
  • SIS -

Russian empire 

  • Alexander Leutner & Co. - (1899-1918?)

Rusya 

  • Cossack
  • GMZ - (1941--1949)
  • KMZ - (1945-1990)
  • MMZ - (1941, 1946--1951)
  • NATI - (1931--1933)
  • PMZ - (1935--1939)
  • TIZ - (1936-1941)
  • TMZ - (1941--1943)

İspanya 

  • Bultaco - (1958--1983)
  • Cofersa (1954--1962)
  • Gimson - (1930--1982)
  • Lube - (1947-)
  • MotoTrans - (1957--1983)
  • Montesa - (1945--1985)
  • Ossa - (1924--1982) (2010-)
  • Sanglas - (1942--1981)

İsveç 

  • Aktiv - 1927-1937
  • Gladiator
  • Gripen
  • Hedlund
  • Husqvarna
  • Monarch
  • Nordstjernan
  • Viking
  • Husaberg
  • Rex

İsviçre 

  • Motosacoche

Ukrayna 

  • Dnepr

United Kingdom 

  • AJS - (1909--2000)
  • AJW - (1928--1977)
  • Ambassador - (1946--1964)
  • AMC - (1938--1966)
  • Ariel - (1902--1970)
  • Armstrong - (1980--1987)
  • Beardmore Precision - (1921--1924)
  • Blackburne - (1913-1921)
  • Brough - (1908--1926) 
  • Brough Superior - (1919--1940)
  • BSA - (1905--1973)
  • Calthorpe -
  • Clyno - (1908--1923)
  • Cotton
  • Coventry-Eagle
  • DOT
  • Douglas - (1907--1957)
  • EMC - (1946--1977)
  • Excelsior (Coventry) - (1896--1962)
  • Greeves -
  • Haden -
  • Hesketh - (1982--1984)
  • Francis-Barnett - (1919--1966)
  • HRD² -
  • Ivy - (1907--1934)
  • James -
  • JAP -
  • Levis - (1911--1939)
  • Martinsyde - (1908--1923)
  • Matchless - (1899-1966)
  • Ner-a Car - (1921-1926)
  • New Hudson -
  • New Imperial - (1901--1939)
  • Norman -
  • Norton (reformed in 2008) - (1902-) 
  • OK-Supreme - (1882--1940)
  • OEC - (1901--1954)
  • Panther -
  • Quadrant - (1901--1928)
  • Quasar - (1977--1985)
  • Raleigh - (1899--1967)
  • Rickman - (1960-1975)
  • Royal Enfield - (1901-1968, continues production in India)
  • Rudge-Whitworth - (1909--1939)
  • Scott - (1909--1978)
  • Singer -
  • Sprite -
  • Stevens - (1934--1938)
  • Sun - (1911--1961)
  • Sunbeam - (1912--1956)
  • Triumph Engineering Ltd - (1902-) 
  • Velocette - (1904--1968)
  • Villiers -
  • Vincent HRD - (1928-) 
  • Vincent -[12]
  • Wooler - (1911--1954)
  • YORK Coventry - (1920--1932)

America BIRLESIK Devletleri 

  • Ace - (1920--1927)
  • American IronHorse (1995-2008)
  • Buell Motorcycle Company - (1983--2009)
  • California Motorcycle Company - (? -1999)
  • Crocker - (1936--1941)
  • Curtiss - (1902--1910)
  • Cushman - (1936--1965)
  • Excelsior (Chicago) - (1907--1931)
  • Excelsior-Henderson - (1993 / 1998-2001)
  • Henderson - (1911-1931)
  • Hodaka - (1965-1978)
  • Indian
    • (original Springfield company) - (1901-1953)
    • (Gilroy company) - (1999-2003)
    • (Stellican Limited - (2006-2011)
  • Iver Johnson - (1907--1916)
  • Mustang - (1945--1963)
  • Ner-A-Cat - (1921-1927)
  • Penton - (1968-1978)
  • Pierce-Arrow - (1909--1913)
  • Simplex - (1935--1960)
  • Yankee -

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