Magic Gate Opening to Istanbul 'Istanbul Airport'

magic door opening to istanbul istanbul airport
magic door opening to istanbul istanbul airport

Istanbul Airport, the international airport serving the city of Istanbul in Turkey. Located on the European side of the city, between Tayakadın and Akpınar villages on the Black Sea coast, the airport was opened on 29 October 2018. When all stages are completed, it will be able to serve an area of ​​76,5 km2, with 200 terminals that can be increased to 2 million passengers per year, with six independent runways. While the project name of the airport was determined as Istanbul New Airport during the construction phase, its name was announced as Istanbul Airport when it was completed. Cengiz, Mapa, Limak, Kolin, Kalyon Joint Venture Group (OGG), formed by IGA investors, won the tender for the new airport with a bid of 3 billion euros, the highest bid in the history of the republic. As of the end of 2013, the shareholding structure of İGA is as follows: 22,152% Kalyon Havacılık ve İnşaat A.Ş., 2019% Cengiz İnşaat Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., 35% Mapa İnşaat ve Ticaret A.Ş. and 25% Limak Construction Industry and Trade Inc. Following the tender, the foundation of the project was laid on 20 June 20.


The news about the insufficient working conditions in the airport construction and worker deaths were made public through opposition media from time to time. The allegations that the deaths were hidden from the public and that as of February 2018, 400 workers had died, the Ministry of Labor had to make a statement. In the statement of the Ministry, it was stated that the number of dead workers was 27. In September 2018, the gendarmes intervened with Toma and tear gas to the large-scale demonstration organized by the airport workers demanding improvement of the conditions. Insaat-Is Union alleged that nearly 600 workers were detained after the action.

Claiming the density and capacity shortage of Istanbul Atatürk Airport, the Council of Ministers decided to construct a new airport. On August 13, 2012, the first step was taken to realize the project by selecting the region.

The tender process

The tender for the New Airport was opened on January 24, 2013 and ended on May 3, 2013. TAV, Alarko, IC, Limak, Makyol and Varyap Holding participated in the tender for which a twenty percent equity requirement was stipulated. Airport operation period was fixed as 25 years within the conditions. The opinion was expressed by experts that the preparation of the tender was realized in the short term for a global scale project. Sabancı Holding gave up participating in the tender.

New Airport Tender is the largest investment in Turkey historic day May 3, 2013 at 10.00:22 Esenboğa International Airport was held at Social Facilities. Fraport company made the highest bid in the first round. Cengiz, Mapa, Limak, Kolin, Kalyon Joint Venture Group (OGG) won the tender with 152 billion 6 million Euros. 96 billion 26 million euros, including VAT, came to the state from the 142-hour XNUMX-round tender.

After the Cengiz, Mapa, Limak, Kolin, Kalyon Joint Venture Group (OGG) won the tender held on May 3, 2013, the contract was signed on May 80, 20, the 2013th anniversary of DHMI.

Reviews

According to the EIA Report announced about the project, the concern that the majority of the project will be built on the existing forest, the ecological system in this region will be damaged. The fact that the lake areas to be dried in the construction zone will lose their characteristics of wetlands was one of the most criticized issues.

Construction process

Construction Process With the signing of the contract, preparations for the construction of the Istanbul New Airport project, which will be built and put into operation in the BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) method, have started. The construction phase of the project, in which the multidisciplinary technical approach needs to be implemented in an integrated manner, will be carried out in 4 stages according to the contract. The first stage, called "Phase 1" and with a capacity of 90 million passengers / year, is divided into two sections: • Phase 1a - 2 independent parallel runways o 34L / 16R runway: 3750m x 75m including banquet, CATIIIb operation, ICAO 4F reference category of asphalt pavement o 35R / 17L runway: 4100m x 75m including shoulder, with CATIIIb operation feature, ICAO 4F reference category - Parallel spare runway with the same geometric features of each main runway (34R / 16L and 35L / 17R runways) - Parallel, connection, fast exit and end-around Taxiways - Aircraft parking, operation and de-icing Aprons - Terminal Building (The world's largest Terminal building under a single roof with a total usage area of ​​approximately 1.4 million m2) - Parking lot for 18,000 vehicles - Designed by Pininfarina in Istanbul and the 90m high Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) and Technical Block - VIP Terminal - Cargo Facilities (Approximately 5 million tons / year capacity) - Rescue and Fire (RFF) Station, (10 unit in CAT1 standard for each main runway) - Refueling port, 2 thousand tons capacity fuel farm and fuel hydrant system - The world's most comprehensive with 300 SMR and 6 MLAT integration Advanced Surface Movements Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) - Other Service Buildings and related electronic, electrical, mechanical and security systems • Phase 51b - 1 independent parallel runway (available for 1 independent parallel operation) o 3/18 runway: Asphalt and concrete pavement in the ICAO 36F reference category, 3750m x 75m including the shoulder, with CATIIIb operation feature, - Parallel, connection, fast exit and end-around Taxiways - Second Air Traffic Control Tower 4m high - Rescue and Fire (RFF) Station, ( 45, 3 in CAT10 standard for the main runway) - De-icing apron - Relevant Service Buildings and electronic, electrical, mechanical and security systems

Phase 2 - 1 runway in the East-West direction - Relevant connection, fast exit and end-around Taxiways - Relevant Service Buildings and electronic, electrical, mechanical and security systems

Phase 3 - 1 independent parallel runway (suitable for 4 independent parallel operation) - 1 parallel spare runway - Relevant connection, fast exit and end-around Taxiways - Relevant operation, aircraft parking and De-icing aprons - 30 million / year 2. Terminal building - Updating the Air Traffic Control Tower 2 to serve runways 3 and 4 - Relevant connection roads - Relevant Service Buildings and electronic, electrical, mechanical and security systems

Phase 4 - 1 independent parallel runway (suitable for 5 independent parallel operation) - Relevant connection, fast exit and end-around Taxiways - Related operation, aircraft parking and De-icing aprons - Satellite Terminal building with 30 million / year capacity - 5 and Air Traffic Control Tower No.6 to serve runways no.3 - Relevant connection roads - Relevant Service Buildings and electronic, electrical, mechanical and security systems

According to the contract, the 1-month construction and operation period of phase 42a started with the site delivery on May 1, 2015; In the peak time, the works were carried out on a 33,000 day 3200 hour basis with 7 personnel and 24 construction machines; GPS tracking, LOD 400 BIM coordination and field application technology as the highest level of the construction process is used, Mr President of Turkey on June 21, 2018. Recep Tayyip Erdogan was crowned with the first landing on the runways with a Presidential plane; Following the Operational Readiness (ORAT) process, Phase 29a phase was completed on October 2018, 1 and was commissioned as "Istanbul Airport". Along with the operations, Faz1b studies also continued; June 18, 2020, the process despite pandemic affecting Covidien-19 completed and 3 parallel runways all over the world held a 3x first time in Turkey was opened for operation in parallel with the departure. Istanbul Airport has a passenger capacity of 1.4 million as of the first phase, with approximately 2 million m18 Terminal building, 5 thousand vehicle parking lot and 90 active runways. As of Phase 1, the entire operational infrastructure has been planned and put into operation to appeal to 120 million passengers. The construction of the other phases will start when the Master Plan is updated according to the terms of the contract and the number of passengers reach the numbers specified in the contract and will be completed within the periods specified in the contract. Accordingly, at the end of the 4 phases, 5 million / year active passenger capacity and 9 million passenger / year operational infrastructure capacity will be reached with 150 parallel independent runways (200 runways in total), main terminal and satellite terminal buildings.

Opening and after

The official opening of the airport was held on October 29, 2018, and the name of the airport was announced as Istanbul Airport the same day.

The third runway, state guest house and mosque of the airport opened on 14 June 2020. A museum was opened at the airport on 17 July 2020.

Terminals

The size of the main terminal building is 1,3 million m2. The terminal building, which received LEED certification in 2020, is the largest building in the world with this certificate.

Runways

There are a total of 3,5 runways, including 4 runways perpendicular to the Black Sea with a length of 5-1 km and 6 runway running parallel to the Black Sea, suitable for the landing and take-off of large aircrafts belonging to the airport. It can land in 380-747 areas. The two taxiways found are 800 meters long and 3.500 meters wide. These taxiways have an emergency runway character. Small taxiways connected to them were also built.

Air traffic control tower

The air traffic control tower, the foundation of which was laid in October 2016, and designed to be 90 meters high and 17 floors, won the 2016 International Architecture Award with its tulip-figured design.

Other structures

There is a parking lot with a capacity of 40.000 vehicles at the airport. In addition, there is a 451-cabin hotel called Yotel at the airport.

Airlines and destinations 

Airways Flight points
Aegean Airlines Atina 
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 
Afriqiyah Airways Beyda, Tripoli-Mitiga
Air Albania Tyrant 
Air Algeria Annaba, Algeria, Constantine, Wahran
Air Astana Almaty, Atyrau, Nur-Sultan
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chisinau
Air Serbia Belgrade
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda (starting July 6, 2020) 
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul, Tomb of the Sharif
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 
Ata Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tabriz
Avia Traffic Company Bishkek
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku, Ganja 
Badr Airlines Khartoum
Belavia Minsk
British Airways London-Heathrow 
Buraq Air Tripoli-Mitiga
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital (ends March 30, 2020), Beijing-Daxing (starts March 31, 2020), Wuhan 
Corendon Airlines Kazablanka 
EgyptAir Cairo 
Emirates Dubai-International 
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Fly Baghdad Baghdad, Erbil
Fly Jordan Amman-Queen Alia
Ghadames Air Transport Tripoli-Mitiga
Gulf Air Bahreyn 
IndiGo Delhi. 
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Iran Aseman Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Urmia
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah
Jazeera Airways Kuveyt
Jordan Aviation Amman-Queen Alia
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong (starting June 24, 2020) 
Kam Air Kabul
KLM Amsterdam 
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuveyt
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Libyan Airlines Beyda, Tripoli-Mitiga
Libyan Wings Tripoli-Mitiga
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Mashhad, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut 
Nordwind Airlines Nizhnekamsk 
Nouvelair Tunus
Oman Air Muscat
Onur Air Antalya, Düsseldorf, Trabzon, Bodrum, Odessa
Pegasus Airlines İzmir
Qatar Airways Doha 
Qeshm Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Red Wings Airlines Kazan, Moscow-Domodedovo, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Ufa, Yekaterinburg
Rossiya Airlines Sankt peterburg
Royal Air Maroc Kazablanka
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh 
SCAT Aktau, Shymkent
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu
Singapore Airlines Singapore 
SkyUp Airlines Kiev  
Somon Air Dushanbe
Taban Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia France Nantes
Tunisair Tunus
Turkish Airlines Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Adana, Addis Ababa, Adıyaman, Agri, Aqaba, Accra, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Antananarivo, Asmara, Ashgabat, Athens, Atlanta, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako , Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Banjul, Bari, Barcelona, ​​Basel / Mulhouse, Basra, Batman, Batumi, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Beirut, Bilbao, Billund, Bingöl, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bodrum, Bogotá, Bologna,  Bordeaux, Boston-Logan, Bremen, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Bucharest, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Cancún, Cape Town, Caracas, Geneva, Algeria, Chicago-O'Hare, Djibouti, Jeddah, Cotonou, Çanakkale, Dakar-Diass, Dalaman, Dammam, Dhaka, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denizli, Denpasar / Bali, Diyarbakır, Doha, Douala, Dubai-International, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Durban, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Edremit, El-Kasım, El- Uksur, Elazig, Entebbe, Erbil, Ercan, Erzincan, Erzurum, Frankfurt, Freetown, Gaziantep, Gazipasa, Gence, Gothenburg, Graz, Guangzhou, Hakkari, Hamburg, Hannover, Hanoi, Kharkiv, Khartoum, Hatay, Havana, Helsinki, Herson, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hurghada, Iğdır, Isfahan, Alexandria-Borg El Arab, Islamabad, Izmir, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kabul, Cairo, Kahramanmaraş, Cluj-Napoca, Karachi, Kars, Kastamonu, Catania, Kathmandu , Kayseri, Casablanca, Kazan, Kiev-Borispil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Chisinau, Colombo-Bandaranaike, Conakry, Konstantin, Konya, Kopenh ag, Cologne / Bonn, Constanta, Krasnodar, Kuala Lumpur-International, Kuwait, Kutahya, Lagos, Lahore, Nicosia, Leipzig / Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lusaka, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Malabo, Málaga, Malatya, Male, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Marrakech, Mardin, Marseille, Muscat, Mauritius, Medina, Mexico City, Merzifon, Mashhad, Tomb of the Sharif, Miami, Milan -Malpensa, Minsk, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Muş, Munich, Nakhchivan, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Napoli York-JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchot, Nur-Sultan, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran , Ordu-Giresun, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Panama-Tocumen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Beijing-Capital, Phuket, Podgorica, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Port Sudan, Prague, Pristina, Riga , Riyadh, Roma-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Salzburg, Samara, Samsun, San Francisco, Sankt Peterburg, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Thessaloniki, Samarkand, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, S inop, Sivas, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Strasbourg, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Shanghai-Pudong, Sanliurfa, Sharika, Sharm El Sheikh, Sirnak, Shiraz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Taif, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tabriz, Tel Aviv, Tbilisi, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Trabzon, Tunisia, Ufa, Ulan Bator, Uşak, Skopje, Valencia, Van, Vancouver, Varna, Warsaw-Chopin, Venice, Vilnius, Vienna, Voronezh, Washington-Dulles, Xi'an , Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zaporizhia, Zonguldak, Zurich
Seasonal: Friedrichshafen, Karlsruhe / Baden-Baden, Moroni, Pisa, Rovaniemi
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Borispil, Odessa
Uzbekistan Airways Samarkand, Tashkent
Zagros Airlines Mashhad, Tehran-Imam Khomeini

Cargo

Cargo / Logistics Center; For the first phase of the project, it will be established on an area of ​​1,4 million square meters, and will reach a size of 200.000 million square meters with the additional area of ​​1,6 square meters to be built in the following phases. As a first step towards these goals, a pre-protocol was signed with DHL Express on March 4, 2015 for an area of ​​20 thousand square meters where cargo operations will be carried out. In addition, many important domestic and foreign companies serving in cargo, logistics and temporary storage areas are also included in this project. The Cargo / Logistics Center will serve with an annual air cargo tonnage capacity of 2,5 million in the first phase, and this capacity is planned to be increased to 5,5 million tons annually with the second and third phases. Parking positions are located in front of temporary storage areas for this center, where 29 wide-body cargo aircraft and optionally 38 cargo aircraft can approach at the same time, from these points to passenger terminals and remote parking areas, by using air-side service tunnels passing under runways and taxiways, A fast, flawless operational infrastructure that will not be affected by aircraft traffic and adverse weather conditions is designed. Temporary storage areas, agency buildings, customs offices and all cargo / logistics operations will be located together in the Cargo City to be established within Istanbul Airport. There will be service points such as banking services, cafes and restaurants, dry cleaning, hairdresser, PTT, prayer areas, veterinarian, health center, test laboratories for the personnel of all companies that will work in the Cargo City and also to facilitate the work of those who will use this area for business purposes. Car parks where 456 thousand large and small vehicles can park are planned in a total usage area of ​​18 thousand square meters planned for all support areas where circulation is intense. In addition, an alternative access road has been planned for the stakeholders and employees to reach the cargo city without traffic during peak hours.

Passenger statistics 

 
Year Domestic flights International Total
2018  65.006 30.199 95.205
2019  12.574.641 39.434.579 52.009.220
2020 (end of September)  5.862.150 12.196.081 18.058.231

Istanbul Airport Transportation

Istanbul airport is integrated with D-020 Highway, Northern Marmara Highway and Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge in road transportation. As a rail system, it will end at the transfer station at the airport with the High Speed ​​Train. The terminal is connected to Gayrettepe and M11 metro. Halkalıwill be connected to. This subway will go completely underground and its construction continues. It is possible to reach the airport by Havaist vehicles of IETT and Istanbul Ulasim AS.

As of 21.08.2020, IETT provides 8 lines and HAVAİST provides urban transportation with 9 lines. The number and frequency of the lines are adjusted according to the number of flights and passenger density. With Istanbul Travel, 2 intercity lines are actively serving. Passenger transportation service will start from Bursa and its surroundings to Istanbul Airport soon.

HAVAİST LINES LINE CODE ROUTE PRICE HVİST -1 YENİKAPI ₺ 25 HVİST - 2 BEYLİKDÜZÜ - ÇATALCA ₺ 26 HVİST -3 ESENLER OTOGAR ₺ 22 HVİST -4 BAKIRKÖY ₺ 24 HVİST -7 KADIKÖY ₺ 32 HVİST -8 PENDİK - S.GÖKÇEN ₺ 37 -15 AVCILAR BAHÇEŞEHİR ₺ 21

HVİST -16 HALKALI - BAŞAKŞEHİR ₺ 21
HVİST -19 TAKSİM ₺ 25 For more information http://hava.ist

IETT LINES LINE CODE ROUTE PRICE H-1 MAHMUTBEY METRO 7₺ (Double ticket) H-2 MECİDİYEKÖY 7₺ (Double ticket) H-3 HALKALI BAŞAKŞEHİR 7₺ (Double ticket) H-6 YUNUS EMRE ARNAVUTKÖY 7₺ (Double ticket) H-7 ALİBEYKÖY CEP OTOGARI 7₺ (Double ticket) H-8 HACIOSMAN - SARIYER 7₺ (Double ticket) H-9 CEVİZLİBAĞ 7₺ (Double ticket) For more information http://www.iett.gov.tr

ISTANBUL TRAVEL INTERCITY LINES ROUTE PRICE ÇORLU 60₺ TEKİRDAĞ 60₺ LÜLEBURGAZ 75₺ BABAESKİ 85₺ EDİRNE 90₺ For more information http://www.istanbulseyahat.com.tr


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