İsmail Hakkı Dümbüllü (Date of birth 1897 - Date of death 5 November 1973) He is the last representative of the Traditional Turkish Theater, Orta play and Tulûat artist.
He is one of the most famous comedy artists of his time. He learned the art of tulûat by working with Kel Hasan Efendi. By transferring the oral culture theater traditions to media such as radio and cinema, the traditional Turkish theater art became known by more people and was effective in ensuring the continuity of the medium play genre.
The best known plays are Gözlemeci, Hile to Kavuklu, Double Baths, Ters Biyav and Kanlı Nigâr. Dümbüllü became a star in the late 1940s with the definition of "folk comic" in cinema; He is most identified with the Nasreddin Hodja character in the films he played.
Dümbüllü, who took over his turban representing the middle game of his teacher Kel Hasan Efendi and the fez, which is accepted as the symbol of the art of tulip, handed over these two symbols to Münir Özkul in 1968. These two symbols continue to be transferred in a traditional ceremony among Turkish theater actors.
He was born in the Üsküdar district of Istanbul in 1897. His father, the sultan II. Zeynel Abidin Efendi, one of Abdülhamid's musketeers, was his mother Fatma Azize Hanım. His family named him "İsmail Hakkı". After completing his primary education in Üsküdar İttihat-ı Terakki School, he continued his military secondary school. He was expelled from military secondary school because of his interest in theater.
He started the theater as an amateur on the stage of Karagöz Hüseyin. From 1917, he appeared professionally in Kel Hasan Efendi's theaters. Until 1926, he worked with Kel Hasan and learned the tauluat tradition. He had the opportunity to work with famous middle players of the period such as Kavuklu Hamdi, Funny Naşid Efendi, Little İsmail Efendi and Abdürezzak. Kantocu Peruz Hanım was known as "Dümbülü İsmail" because she added an ode to her canto "Dümbüllü". “After me, this man seems to be competent in this art”.
İsmail Dümbüllü founded Hilal Theater in Direklerarası with Tevfik İnce in 1928. While he was playing the role of Uşak, the new form of Kavuklu in his mid-play, Tevifik İnce Pishekar was playing the role of Jön (head of the house), the new form of his character. After 1933, they went on Anatolian tours together. They combined the traveling theater with traditional play and presented it to the public. The observer, Kavuklu Hile, Double Baths, Ters Biyav and Kanlı Nigâr were the best known plays among the games he played.
Dümbüllü performed his art on the radio outside of the theater. He used the radio broadcasts as a means of explaining the traditional Turkish theater to the public by animating the plays from the musical repertoire and the middle play. The episode of Dümbüllü and Tevfik İnce in the music entertainment program hosted by Orhan Boran and broadcast every fifteen days on TRT Istanbul Radio attracted great attention from the audience.
The famous comedian on the stage of falling in love with each other as they shot bickering "Turkey Funny Competition" have often met with competition from Naşit Bey. After the death of Naşid Efendi in 1943, Dümbüllü became the most important name who continued the tradition of middle play.
Since 1946, he has appeared in nearly fifty movies. He appeared in such films as Harman End (1946), Keloğlan (1948), Dümbüllü Adventure Peşinde (1948), İncili Sergeant (1951), Nasreddin Hodja (1965). In the films he played, he was identified with the Nasreddin Hodja character the most.
On April 17, 1968, he delivered the turban and fesi, the symbol of tradition in Turkish theater, to Münir Özkul, who performed the play “Kanlı Nigar” with Altan Karındaş at the Arena Theater as a surprise before the audience.
He continued to appear on the stage from time to time after 1968 and to take part in radio plays. In 1970, he starred in Çalıkuşu Operetta with Nurhan Damcıoğlu and Halit Akçatepe.
He died at the age of 5 on November 1973, 75, after a traffic accident. His corpse was buried in Dümbüllü Karacaahmet Cemetery, the first person to be passed over the Bosphorus Bridge, which was opened on October 30, 1973.
Kel Hasan's fez and turban
The fez and turban, which Dümbüllü took over from his teacher Kel Hasan Efendi and handed over to Münir Özkul in 1968, is handed over to Turkish theater actors in a traditional ceremony. This fez and turban represent the legacy of Turkish theater acting.
Münir Özkul, to Müjdat Gezen, the fez he received from Dümbüllü and considered the symbol of the art of tuluat; Müjdat Gezen handed it over to Şevket Çoruh during the opening of Baba Sahne in 2017. The kavuk representing the middle play was handed over by Münir Özkul to Ferhan Şensoy, the founder of Orta Players Theater Group, in 1989, and to Rasim Öztekin by Ferhan Şensoy in 2016. Due to his retirement from theater as of August 2020, Rasim Öztekin called Kavuk "against the difficulties of making art in Turkey, with his art. kazanby investing in the theater again KadıköyKavuk was transferred to Çoruh with a special handover ceremony held at Harbiye Cemil Topuzlu Open Air Theater on September 20, 2020. Thus, in 2020, Fes and Kavuk met in a single artist.
- Nasreddin Hodja (1971)
- İstanbul Kazan I Bucket (1965)
- The Jester (1965)
- The Tramp Lover (1965)
- Nasreddin Hodja (1965)
- On the contrary (1963)
- Bread Money (1962)
- Goal King Jafar (1962)
- Maya of Devil (1959)
- The Finder Bride (1954)
- Feast Night (1954)
- Live Karagöz (Mihriban Sultan) (1954)
- Nasreddin Hodja and Timurlenk (1954)
- Humpty Tarzan (1954)
- Forty Days and Forty Nights (1953)
- Stars Revue (1952)
- Shoot, Blast, Play, Play (1952)
- The Dumpling Athlete (1952)
- The Gospel Sergeant (1951)
- Neither Magic nor Miracle (1951)
- Return of the Harman End (1950)
- Magic Treasure (1950)
- Keloğlan (1948)
- In Pursuit of the Dumbling Adventure (1948)
- Swords (1947)
- Kızılırmak - Karakoyun (1946)
- This Up (1945)