A toothbrush is a type of brush used to clean teeth. A normal toothbrush has forty bristle bundles and an average of 40-50 bristles per bundle. Since the time they were developed, synthetic fiber has been used in toothbrushes, but sometimes animal bristles are also used.
Various measures have been taken for oral hygiene since the period before history was recorded. In mouth cleaning, branches, feathers, animal bones, hedgehog spines, etc. tools were used. The first toothbrush known in history was made in Ancient Egypt in 3000 BC using pencil-sized tree branches. Toothbrushes in Rome consisted of toothpicks made from natural materials. Toothbrushes were made with the branches of the Salvadora persica (miswak) tree in the Islamic world. The use of miswak, the Prophet who pioneered its use, Hz. It goes back to the time of Muhammad. Sodium bicarbonate and chalk have also been widely used in tooth cleaning in history.
The first toothbrush, reminiscent of today's toothbrush, was made in China in 1498. The hairs plucked from the back of the necks of pigs living in the cold climates of Siberia and China were tied to bamboo or bone stalks. Traders from the East introduced these brushes to Europeans, but they found the pig bristles too hard. Europeans brushing their teeth at the time (which was not common) preferred softer, horsehair brushes. However, at that time most people would clean their teeth with a hard feather after eating (as the Romans did) and use brass or silver toothpicks. This situation continued until the first nylon bristle toothbrush was discovered in 1938.
The first toothbrush was patented in 1857 by HN Wadsworth in the United States (US Patent No. 18.653), and after 1885 many American companies went into mass production.