Cancer, a condition in which cells in a certain part of the body grow and multiply uncontrollably, is the general name for more than a hundred disease groups.
This problem, which is seen in more than 12 million people around the world every year, ranks first among the deadly diseases. Stating that the most common type of cancer affecting people in the world is 'Lung Cancer', Romatem Bursa Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist. Serap Latif Raif said, “In addition to the treatments, people with problems may experience a decrease in lung functions due to cancer. "Pulmonary Rehabilitation" is of great importance in reducing shortness of breath, fatigue and increasing functional capacity and quality of life, ”he said.
Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to create new cells the body needs. When cells become old or damaged, they die and are replaced by new cells. But when cancer develops, this orderly process is disrupted. As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they need to die, and new cells are formed when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and growths called tumors form. It is known as lung cancer as the most life-threatening cancer type. Early diagnosis of this problem is of great importance. In this context, 17 November is celebrated as "World Lung Cancer Day" in order to raise awareness.
Pulmonary Rehabilitation Provides Solution to Respiratory Distress
Turkey is among the first 10 countries in the world, indicating that the incidence of lung cancer Romatem Bursa Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Serap Latif Raif said, “It appears as an insidious disease that does not show itself immediately. The treatment process is a difficult process. This problem also causes a decrease in the capacity of our lungs that perform the work of breathing. With this decrease, many problems such as shortness of breath, fatigue and restlessness may occur in people. In this context, "Pulmonary Rehabilitation", which has become more important in recent years, is applied to people who may experience respiratory distress in problems such as lung cancer and COPD. With this technique, it provides many benefits such as increasing the quality of breath, reducing pain, eliminating swallowing problems, and performing daily physical activities. The aim is to keep the motivation strong by keeping the person away from the negative effects while trying to reduce the side effects of the treatment.
Oncology Rehabilitation Increases People's Participation in Life
Dr. Raif continued: “Cancer and its treatment often cause physical, psychological and cognitive problems. These problems can make it difficult to do daily activities or return to work. It can also have a lasting impact on your health. Oncology rehabilitation can help with these problems that may arise during and after cancer treatment. The aim of this method is to maximize the independence of individuals, to maintain their life roles as much as possible, and to maximize the morale motivation that plays the biggest role in this disorder while improving their quality of life.