Yılmaz Güney (Born April 1, 1937; Yenice, Yüreğir, Adana - Date of death September 9, 1984, Paris), Turkish film actor, director, screenwriter and writer. He is especially known for his Cannes award-winning films The Way, The Herd, written, directed, and starred after the Ugly King period, such as Hopeless, The Father, Requiem, and Worry.
Yılmaz Güney's real name is Yılmaz Pütün. According to his own expression, Pbacco means hard fruit core that is difficult to break. He was born in 1937, one of the two children of a peasant family. His father of Zaza origin is from the Desman village of Siverek and his mother of Kurdish origin is from the Varto district of Muş. He grew up in Adana and Adana has been the subject of many of his films. He worked for a while in Adana as the regional representative of Kemal and And Film companies. He went to Istanbul to study at university and met Atıf Yılmaz. During this period, he also wrote stories. Later, with the support of Atıf Yılmaz, he started working in cinema.
Yılmaz Güney both wrote the script and acted in films for the films Bu Vatanin Çocukları and Alageyik, directed by Atıf Yılmaz in 1959. He also works as an assistant director in Karacaoğlan's Karasevdası. Yılmaz Güney, who also wrote stories for magazines such as Yeni Ufuklar and On Üç, was tried for making communism propaganda in one of his stories and was sentenced to one and a half years in prison in 1961.
Resuming where he left off after two years, Yılmaz Güney made more adventure films at that time. There is an oppressed and despised “Anatolian child” in his films, rebellion against authority. During this period, he was nicknamed the Ugly King. The most important in this period was the Law of the Border, a film directed by Lütfü Akad and written by him. Yılmaz Güney, who developed his acting during this period, has now established his understated and plain acting understanding in this period.
Prison and fugitive years
Yilmaz Guney, 1971 Elron Efraim primarily responsible for the killing of Mahir Cayan, including Turkey on the grounds that other members of the People's Liberation Party-Front, was sentenced to 2 years in prison and exile store. Yılmaz Güney reflects on cinema and art during his stay; He published his poems and stories in Güney magazine, which he started to publish at that time. He was released from prison in 1974. Yılmaz Güney, who was in prison for more than two years, shot the movie Friends in the same year. In the same year, he was arrested for murdering district judge Sefa Mutlu at a casino in Yumurtalık district while filming the movie “Worişe” and was sentenced to 25 years in prison on 1 July 13 as a result of the trials that started at the Ankara 1976st High Criminal Court on 19 October.
After serving five years in prison, he escaped from Isparta Semi-Open Prison, where he was released on October 9, 1981. Yılmaz Güney's escape from prison also reminded him of his films. In The Son of Satan, which he shot before going to prison, he tells the story of a man who goes out on a holiday break and goes missing. He experienced a life similar to the movie. Güney, who was released from prison on a day off, fled from Antalya's Kaş district to the Greek island of Meis and from there to Switzerland. He then moves to France and spends the rest of his life there.
His interest in cinema continued in prison. The Herd, which was shot by Zeki Ökten, who was written during this period, and Yol was pulled by Şerif Gören, who attracted great attention abroad and in the country. While in prison he published an art-culture magazine called GÜNEY. He re-edited the Road and received an award at the Cannes Film Festival. After fleeing abroad, he shot the movie The Wall in France. Güney's last film was The Wall, which he witnessed in Ankara Central Closed Prison and Detention Center in 1976, where a revolt that broke out in the children's ward and spread to the whole prison was transferred to the cinema.
Güney, who spent his last years in Paris, died on September 9, 1984 due to stomach cancer. His grave is in the 62nd section of the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
|1966||Law of the Border||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1967||The Ugly King Does Not Forgive||Yes||Yes|
|1968||Seyyit Han (The Bride of the Land)||Yes|
|1969||An Ugly Man||Yes||Yes|
|1969||An Ugly Man||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
- They Died With Their Heads (1971)
- Salpa (1975)
- Death Calls Me Youth Stories
- Eternal Wait Poems of Thirty Years
- My cell
- We Want a Stove, Window Glass and Two Breads
- Stories to my son
- The poor
- You and the others