Experts who warn about flu and pneumonia vaccines, whose importance is increasing in these days when the pandemic is intense, draw attention to the fact that these vaccines are not administered during the course of a high fever disease and during the active infection period.
The experts, stating that the person to be vaccinated should be completely healthy, point out that people over the age of 65 and people with metabolic diseases such as COPD, diabetes, heart and high blood pressure should have flu and pneumonia vaccines. According to experts, it is necessary to consult a doctor, examinations and tests before vaccination.
Üsküdar University NPİSTANBUL Brain Hospital Anesthesia and Reanimation Specialist Prof. Dr. Stating that the flu and pneumonia vaccine is recommended to people in the risk group every year, Füsun Eroğlu said that pneumonia and flu vaccines gain a special importance in the process of the new type of coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic.
Stating that the flu vaccine is prepared every year according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, according to the previous flu strains (as a precaution against the previous year's flu virus), he said that the protection of the flu vaccine is about 6-8 months.
Who should get the flu vaccine?
Prof. Dr. Füsun Eroğlu listed the people who should have the flu vaccine as follows:
- 65 years and older,
- Those with chronic lung diseases such as asthma and COPD,
- Those with cardiovascular diseases such as heart and high blood pressure,
- Those who have chronic metabolic diseases such as diabetes (Type 1 and 2),
- Chronic kidney patients,
- Those with some blood diseases such as anemia and thalassemia,
- Patients whose immune system is suppressed due to organ transplantation and similar conditions and who use drugs for this purpose.
- 65 years and older,
- People with insufficient immune system whose spleen has been removed or whose function is impaired,
- Those who have some blood diseases,
- Those who have had an organ transplant,
- AIDS carrier adults,
- Those with heart disease, lung disease, diabetes,
- Those with chronic diseases such as alcoholism, liver and kidney failure.
There are two types of pneumonia vaccine
Prof. Dr. Füsun Eroğlu said, “There are two types of pneumonia vaccine. Both vaccines are dead vaccines free of bacteria. These are Conjugated Pneumococcal vaccine (KPA13) effective on 13 different types of pneumococci and Polysaccharide Pneumococcal vaccine (PPA23) effective on 23 different types. The first provides a lifetime protection. A single dose is sufficient for children over 2 years of age and adults. The second type of vaccine can only be made after 2 years of age. It has 5 years of protection and it should be repeated every 5 years ”.
Who should get the pneumonia vaccine?
Prof. Dr. Füsun Eroğlu stated that when the pneumonia vaccine is applied to high-risk people, it can protect against severe infections, and listed the people who should have the pneumonia vaccine as follows:
The person to be vaccinated must be completely healthy
Reminding that the flu and pneumonia vaccine is recommended for people aged 65 and over, Prof. Dr. Stating that there are some important points during the preparation of these vaccines, Füsun Eroğlu said, “If bacterial pneumonia and flu disease are found in risk groups together with Covid-19 infection, the picture is more severe. Both hospitalizations and complications and death rates will increase. Flu and pneumococcal vaccines are not administered during the course of a high fever disease, during an active infection period. During the pandemic period, we need to make sure that the person is completely healthy at the time of vaccination. Therefore, before vaccination, a doctor should be consulted, necessary examinations and tests should be done.