Müslüm Gürses or by his birth name Müslüm Akbaş (born May 7, 1953; Fıstıközü, Halfeti, Şanlıurfa - Date of death 3 March 2013, Istanbul), Turkish arabesque and folk music artist. Worldwide, "Father of Arabesque", while in Turkey "arabesque Father" and "Muslim father" as is well known.
In recent years, adding some pop and rock style pieces to its repertoire, Nilüfer's "Not Yar", Teoman's "Paramparça", Tarkan's "Instead of Us", Bülent Ortaçgil's "Without You", Murathan Mungan's "No Mektubun" He also voiced Kenan Doğulu's "Can't Hold Time" and Şebnem Ferah's "Cigarette".
Gurses, who appeared before the camera for the first time in 1979 with the movie "İsyankar", took part in 38 movies in total.
Her mother, Emine Hanım, and her father, Mehmet Bey, met in a village in the Halfeti district of Şanlıurfa, which was formerly known as Tisa but whose name was changed to Fıstıközü in the 1960s. When they got married in 1951, they were only 17 years old, living in poverty. He was born on 7 May 1953 as the first child of Emine Hanım and Mehmet Bey in a mud-brick house in Fıstıközü village of Halfeti district of Şanlıurfa. The date of birth of Müslüm Gürses is stated as July 5, 1953 in some sources and in his identity, but Müslüm Gürses stated the actual date of birth in the Esra Ceyhan Show program hosted by Esra Ceyhan on September 16, 1998 and Beyaz Show, presented by Beyazıt Öztürk on January 26, 2007. It was announced as May 7, 1953.
His father, Mehmet Akbaş, is a farm worker. When Müslüm came to the world, the financial difficulties started to become even more troublesome, and soon after, the Akbaş family had another child named Ahmet. When it became very difficult for them to live in this village, Emine Hanım talked to her relatives and said that they should move in order to live a better life. Müslüm is five years old and Ahmet is one year old when they collect their belongings and set off.
They had arrived in Adana Hürriyet Mahallesi with great hopes. Here their hopes would turn into indescribable pain. Poverty was still the same poverty. It was not difficult for them to get used to this neighborhood. Father Mehmet Akbaş has already gotten used to it and soon his nickname was Deli Mehmet. Emine Hanım started to work, and Müslüm had to take care of his brother Ahmet while he was away. At that age, Müslüm's behavior was like a mature man, he never had a child. Even when he started school, he was never able to play with his peers and sat on the sidelines and watched those who were playing. When he left school, he immediately ran home and helped his mother. During this period, another sister was born and the responsibility of Müslüm started to increase even more. Muslim had to learn life early here, and his elbow was not rotted at school desks, but at the tailor's loom in the shoemaker.
Müslüm Gürses started singing in 1965 at a young age, singing in a tea garden in Adana, and also went to the community center. He worked as a tailor's apprentice and shoemaker, he appeared on the stage at a casino in those years. In addition, after graduating from primary school, when he was 14 years old, he participated in the competition held in Adana Family Tea Garden in 1967 and became the winner. Drawing attention with her voice at a young age, Gürses said the following about that period in an interview with him: “I finished primary school. There is no rest. I read long air while lying on the roof in Adana. My friend was going to the Community Center. I went too. Then I became an artist on Çukurova Radio ”.
They change their surname as “Gürses” while working there.
Since 1967, he sang live folk songs every week on Saturday on TRT-Adana-Çukurova Radio. From 1968 on, the first 45s began to be released on the market. The first plate is Emmioğlu / Ovada Taşa Basma, dated 1968, and Ömür Plak is an Adana edition. Ömür Plak made a total of 4 pieces of 45.
Gürses, who came to Istanbul, made two 2 records with Sarıkaya Plak, owned by Selahattin Sarıkaya: Dressed, Kuşan Selvi Boylum / Come with My Life, You Are Ruined, Come / Haram Aşk.
Later, in 1969, again in Istanbul with Palandöken Record company, the first release song Sevda Yüklü Kervanlar, Sevda Yüklü Kervanlar / Vurma Güzel Vurma was released. This record broke a record by selling 45 copies.
Gürses did his military service after this record, came back to Istanbul and continued to release his records in the same company. He made 13 records with Palandöken Plak, then 4 with Bestefon Plak, then 15 with Hülya Plak and finally two 2 with Çınçın Plak.
In 1999, he parted ways with Elenor Plak, where Müslüm Gürses had released his albums for 15 years at that time and transferred to Ulus Müzik. The songs in the albums Garipler, My Friend, Zavallım, Müslüm'ce Türküler 1999 and Only (Turkish Art Music) released by Müslüm Gürses from 2001 to 2001 are the songs performed by Müslüm Gürses before 1999.
On February 1, 2006, her album called Gönül Teknem took its place on the shelves with the label Seyhan Music. In 2006, Gürses' joint project with writer Murathan Mungan took its place in the music markets with the label “Aşk Coincidences Sever” Pasaj Müzik. He sang songs written by Mungan, composed by many foreign musicians from David Bowie to Garbage, Leonard Cohen to Jane Birkin. Then, on December 29, 2008, Müslüm Gürses returned to the stages with his striking album “Sandık”, which is also from Pasaj Müzik.
In November 2010, he signed an album with Pasaj Müzik titled “Yalan Dünya” again.
Müslüm Gürses' audience has been the subject of many studies. Doctoral dissertations were even written (For example, 2002 / Bağlam Publishing: Caner Işık / Nuran Erol, "Arabeskin Meaning World and Müslüm Gürses Example").
Müslüm Gürses was taken to the intensive care unit after the by-pass surgery he had at Memorial Hospital on Thursday, November 15, 2012, due to lung and heart failure, and was connected to his breathing apparatus. Gürses died on March 3, 2013 in Istanbul Memorial Hospital, where he has been receiving treatment for about four months. After his funeral prayer at Teşvikiye Mosque on March 4, 2013, he was buried in Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.
The film Müslüm, directed by Ketche and Can Ulkay and about the life of Müslüm Gürses, was released on October 26, 2018. In the film, Şahin Kendirci portrayed Müslüm Gürses's youth and Timuçin Esen as his adulthood. Muslim film close to 6.5 million spectators a panorama # 5 all time record holder in the list of films in Turkey, while the all-time record holder in the audience dramas list ranks # 1.