The Istanbul Convention, which has come to the fore with the increase of violence against women, has become one of the most talked about issues of the last period. The Istanbul Convention is an agreement opened for signature by the European Council, which is one of the main structures of the European Union, and has been signed by 11 states and the European Union since 2011 May 46. The articles of this contract, which is based on the elimination of violence against women and ensuring equality between women and men, are from Anka Law Firm. Kahramanmaraş Lawyer Mustafa Yıldız Let's take a closer look.
Basics of the Contract
With the increase in violence against women, it is necessary to examine in detail what the agreement covers and in which situations it comes into effect. Its purpose, which binds the signatory countries, can be explained as follows. Prevention of domestic violence and domestic violence, which cause very important problems in terms of human rights, has gained international quality with the contract signed. The scope of the contract has extended to Europe and beyond, while aiming to adopt zero tolerance to violence.
While making the necessary arrangements for the prevention of violence in accordance with the Istanbul Convention, protecting the victims and submitting those who cause violence to the judicial units are among the main objectives. It is aimed to adopt a more humane approach towards women by making arrangements in the raising conditions of boys. As a matter of fact, it can be said that the environment in which men grow up has an important effect on the basis of violence against women.
Istanbul Convention and State Level Claims
Even though the countries that signed the convention accept what the convention brings, it is important to take the necessary steps as a state for the realization of the convention. So, on what issues are signatory states intended to act? From Anka Law Firm, which follows this matter closely Kahramanmaraş Lawyer Mustafa Yıldız we examined with:
Prevention of Violence
In order to prevent violence and for women to live in a more prosperous way;
- Behaviors that cause acceptance of violence against women, change of gender roles and understandings in society,
- Ensuring that experts dealing with victims are trained to provide assistance at a better level of support,
- Raising awareness of the types of violence and the consequences of different types of violence,
- Sufficient processing of equality between women and men at educational levels,
- It should be ensured that reaching the public is possible through NGO, media and private sector cooperation.
Protection of Victims
Although all measures are taken to prevent violence from occurring, in order to protect the victims after a violent incident;
- Ensuring that the victims' needs are met and that they are in a safe environment,
- Providing both medical and legal support to those who are directly or indirectly affected by violence,
- In order to meet the shelter needs, shelters should be allocated and lines that provide assistance at all hours of the day should be established.
Trial of Criminals
It is very important to ensure justice in order not to repeat the violence. In this sense, in the trial of criminals before justice;
- Criminalizing violence against women and executing relevant penalties,
- Preventing concepts such as custom or honor from causing femicide,
- Taking victims under special protection during investigation and prosecution stages,
- Requests for assistance to law enforcement should be answered immediately.
The implementation of all the approaches evaluated under the headings of prevention, protection and judgment together will reveal very important results in the success of the Istanbul Convention.
Acts as Criminal in the Istanbul Convention
Contracting states consider actions defined within the scope of the contract as a crime. In this sense, Turkey will also need to emphasize that the following acts constitute a crime.
- Physical, sexual, psychological and economic violence against women,
- Follow-up status for harassment,
- Sexual violence,
- Forced marriage
- Forcing women to be circumcised,
- Inhumane situations such as forced abortion and sterilization are considered crimes.
take the necessary measures signed by Turkey's Istanbul Convention which are covered by state institutions is essential if the processing of the above crimes. It does not seem possible to prevent violence against women if the relevant practices for such acts are not revealed.
The contract, which is one of the agenda items in our country, is necessary for women to live a better life. When disinformation situations are excluded, it does not seem possible to return from the Istanbul Convention.