Where is the ancient city of Olympos, who lived the story?

history and story of the ancient city of olympos
history and story of the ancient city of olympos

Olympos was founded in the Hellenistic Period. B.C. In 100, it became one of the six cities of the Lykia union with three voting rights.


B.C. In 78, the Roman commander Servilius Isauricus cleared the Olympos from the pirates and added the city to the Roman territory, and the city also gained a great reputation with the open air altars built for the Blacksmith god Hephaistos cult, where natural gases were burned before the Roman era. Although information about the first bishops of Olympos, which became Christian from the sources written in the 4th, 5th century AD at the beginning of the Middle Ages, is dark after the 7th century. There are 5 Byzantine Churches in the city that can be dated between the 7th and 12th centuries AD, which shows that Olympos was an important city in the early years of Christianity. It is conceivable that the knights of Venice, Genoese and Rhodes made their presence in the Mediterranean, especially the 14th century, the haunting port of Olympos. It is probable that the city lost its importance before the Ottomans established its maritime superiority.

Because, although the activities of Antalya and Alanya on the Mediterranean coasts are proven in writing and archeologically, there is no data about Olympos' Ottoman Period. Based on archaeological data, it is possible to say that urban activity in Olympos ended after the 13th century. Olympos is spread over both sides of the derby that it passes through. Although the high hill, which is also seen from the beach and on the tombs, is called the acropolis of Olympos, there is only a medieval fortress in this area.

The building remains on the hill belong to multi and single storey civil buildings in the fortress. From this hill, you can watch the beautiful view of the river like Venice. The river was channeled with polygonal technique walls built on the edges, and the two sides were built in the Roman period, where we can see the traces today, possibly in a collapsible way, and the piers were combined with a stone bridge and a wooden bridge. The arched structure, which is seen right on the south side of the river, belongs to one of the many basilicas in the city. In this part of the city, there is the theater of Olympos, which is very difficult to navigate due to the vegetation.

The vaulted paradoxes of the theater, the architectural plastic fragments scattered throughout the orchestra indicate that a typical Roman Age theater is located here. Between the theater and the sea, eastward, respectively, the Hellenistic polygonal city wall, the ruins of the Great Bath on the side of the river, the Early Byzantine basilica and the building elements of the small bath with organic connection to this basilica can be seen.

Since Olympos is within the scope of the SIT area, construction is prohibited in and around the ancient area. Accommodation is made in tree houses. This is the most important stop for travelers. In addition, the Beydağları Olympos National Park is an ideal region for those interested in mountaineering.

Olympus

Olympos is 100 km from Antalya. away, it is a resort area protected by Caretta Caretta turtles because it is a protected area, generally preferred by university students and tourists with backpacks. Tree houses, open areas that can be used as tent spaces, are located on the Lycian Way. It is located within the boundaries of Beydağları - Olimpos Coast National Park.



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