Salda Lake is a slightly salty karstic lake surrounded by forest-covered hills, rocky lands and small alluvial plains in the Yeşilova district of Burdur, 4 km away from the district center. It has a closed basin structure with no outflow in the Lakes Region. Its area is about 44 square kilometers. With up to 184 meters deep is the deepest lake in Turkey 3. Hydromagnetic mineral formed in the lake is one of the most beautiful and up-to-date examples of "biological mineralization".
Salda lake was determined and declared as a Special Environmental Protection Area with the President's Decree No. 14.03.2019 dated 824, and was published in the Official Gazette No. 15.03.2019 dated 30715.
The Mediterranean climate is dominant in and around Salda lake. Average temperature is 15 ° C. In August, the hottest month, the temperature rises to 30 ° C, while the coldest month drops to 2 ° C in January. While the amount of precipitation in January with the most precipitation is 162 mm, the month with the least precipitation has an average of 16 mm in July.
In addition to the beautiful view formed by the cleanliness of the water and the turquoise color, the small beaches on the southwest and southeast coasts allow the area to be used for recreational purposes. Salda Lake is located about 60 km west of Burdur province. Turkey's deepest, cleanest, best known as the lake has clear features. It is 1140 m above sea level. The presence of magnesium, soda and clay in the composition of the lake water causes beneficial results in the treatment of some skin diseases. According to research by experts, lake water is good for acne. The forest cover at the back of the lake is home to partridges, rabbits, foxes, wild boars, and the lake hosts wild ducks. There are seven white islands that started to be seen when the waters in the lake receded.
Flora and Fauna
Pasbaş, patka and steep-tail duck hosted in significant numbers during the winter months make Salda Lake one of the wetlands of international importance. It is surrounded by black pine forests and has beaches. Four fish (carp, grass fish, Salda algae, mud fish), checkered water snake and plain frog live in the lake. Grass fish are endemic to Burdur, Salda algae to Salda Lake.
Salda Lake is a lake with hard water and very high alkaline properties. According to the trophic status index, it is poor in nutrients and oligotrophic. Extremely low nitrogen and phosphate products and consequently very low chlorophyll a concentration are indicative of this.
Salda lake is fed by rivers, rainfall and groundwater, and loses water through evaporation. The area and level of the lake changes over the years according to rainfall. Continuous rivers such as Salda (Karakova) Creek, Doğanbaba Creek, Dog Creek, and seasonal rivers such as Koyu Creek, Kuruçay, Kayadibi Creek flow into Salda Lake. For the last 20 years, there has been a retreat reaching 3-4 meters at the lake level. Withdrawal is still in progress.
There are Yeşilova district in the east of the lake, Salda in the southwest, Doğanbaba in the northwest and Kayadibi in the northeast. Salda Lake and its surroundings were registered as a 14.06.1989st degree Natural Protected Area on 1 and were taken under protection. It has been registered as a Natural Protected Area. The 28.07.1992-hectare area around the lake, which was used as a recreation area in 1501, was declared as Salda Lake Nature Park.