Railways in National Struggle

railways in the national struggle
railways in the national struggle

Yörük Hatca We are at the 100th Anniversary commemoration events of “Western Cilicia Kuva Nationality Squads, Victory and Pozantı Congress”…


“The mountain-head smokes / Silver stream flows without stopping…”

This voice you hear is the Bolkar Scream ...

"I went this way 100 years ago ..."

100 years ago and after, there are news of martyrs ... Look, there are Gazi Mustafa Kemal and Tekelioğlu Sinan Bey with us… Gülek and Karboğazı are narrow to us… There is a cry of distant distances, there is Varda ha… “In the battle of Tarsus Bac Stream, at the Ruler stop; The French gavel hit Molla Kerim, in a blind bullet-winged temple… ”Bektashi Haydar, Arguvan, read this epic with his word in his hand in his hand… For the Nationalist martyrs; village village, oba oba, in the highlands and from Taşeli to Mount Amanos, they traveled all over Cilicia and lamented for Molla Kerim…

In the entire plain, this painful news was heard… The tears of the Lala-eyed Fellah daughter, La Paz Pakize, were flooding… Seyhan, Ceyhan, Göksu and Lamas Tea were covered in blood, overflowed, filled… Belemedikli, Karaisalı, Arslan Köylü Yörük Women dressed their mauser and pen … Arab and Kurdish windlasses kissed the sweat that watered the ground, hit the anchor on the enemy… The bold and Yeniceli beauties, fell into the flames of love, turned the semah at the time… Dadaloğlu sighed, Karacaoğlan was silent, his silent heart was branded ... Ulukışla train painted Pozantı ... 38 was the tunnel or the train traveling? Yellow pine cones were falling on the Sarıkeçili Tribe… The feast of blueberry, carob, pomegranate and citrus flower began… Çukurova capstans were covered in yellow heat-yellow… Taurus Mountain grew, Yaylacılar burned henna, take on… Tekir, Bürücek, Çamlıyayla, Gözne, Ayveay , Kizilbağ, Soğucak, Bekiralan, Hazelnut Spring, Mihrican, Gülek, Sorgun, Beauty, Little Hazelnut, Balandız, Gökbelen, Kırobaşı, Bardat, Tersakan, Kozağaç, Uzuncaburç, Kestel, Kozlar, Söğütözü, İmrenözü, Willow, Rooster Beetle The sound of the flute echoed in the plateaus of Tarbaz, Meydan, Karagöl, Yedigöller and Bolkar… Varda Bridge and Karaisalı Canyon became dormitories, the yaren reached the old ages, stopped… Göksu and Seyhan River flowed to the source… Belemedik, pozantı burned a Turk… Convoy gave a break Çiftehan ' da… Şekerpınarı flowed to Ak Köprü… Ceyhan River looked upside down in Düziçi… I was sprained at Tarsus American College… Students of Düziçi Village Institute gave light to the mountain… Sarıkeçili's valiants rely on Amanos… Feke, Tufanbeyli and Kozan migrants leaned against Aladag ... Avşar beys were downpour, their frosts were wet… The frost of Demirkazık frost was resolved ... Snowdrops and yellow crocuses were rebelled and fed in lost love.

The Nationals stood at Kuvayı… Bolkar Scream, rising from the shore of the Tarsus River and the Pozantı Karboğazı Pass, echoed on the surrounding slopes… I also have a thank you note to the friends who listened to this auspicious voice and did not withhold their contributions for this book. Ataturk's Complete Works "book editorial board members," Frunze Turkey memories "book turned Ahmet Ekes," Aralov-a Soviet diplomat in Turkey Memoirs "that translates the book Hasan Ali Eaton," Azerbaijan Representative Ibrahim Abilov to Ankara Arrival " retired ambassador, historian, author Dr. Bilâl N. Şimşir, my art history teacher Ahmet Akif Tütenk from Niğde High School (35), who translated the book “History of Niğde” by French author Albert Gabriel (1969), Mehmet Öncel Koç, “Capital of Cappadocia” Niğde ”writer Ömer Fethi Gürer,“ From Past to Present ”writer İsmail Özmel,“ Bor History ”writer Emin Atlı,“ Revolt Days ”book writer Hüseyin Yavuz,“ Al Sana A Arms ”book author Mustafa Ulusoy, from Ulukışla investigative journalist Sunay Türker, ex-Mayor Mehmet Tevfik Güney from Ulukışla, retired Gendarmerie Petty Officer Ali Demir from Ulukışla Horoz Village, and the young Kuwa Nationalist friend Özcan Demir. Muazzez İlmiye Çığ (106) sister, writer Ahmet Nadir İşisağ, author of the book “Pozantı Belemedik”, Hikmet Öz, author of the book “History of Tarsus”, Fikret Ünver, author of the book “On the History of Mersin”, Neşri Atlay, “Adana City History” ”The author of the book, Cezmi Yurtsever, the grandson of Arif İbrahim, who is one of the Nationalists of Şeyhömer Village of Mersin Gülnar, writer-poet Ali F. Bilir,“ Did Carnation Reds Fade? ” Mehmet D. Babacanoğlu, the author of Aykırı Sanat Magazine, received an international award for his work, from the grandchildren of Tarsus Kuvayı Milliye Platoon Commander Molla Kerim Çeliktaş, as well as Adviye and Özcan Kahraman and Adana, Mersin, Pozantı, Niğde, Ulukışla, Tarsus, Silifke, Mut and Erdemli to all friends in ADD, Kuvayı Milliye and Combat Veterans Association; Endless thanks to Adana, Seyhan, Çukurova, Tarsus, Mersin, Mut, Silifke, Erdemli, Anamur, Gülnar, Mezitli, Yenişehir, Akdeniz, Toroslar, Çamlıyayla, Niğde, Ulukışla, Ereğli, Pozantı Mayors and all local administrators for their contribution. patriotic friends added a scream to the Bolkar Scream with the spirit of solidarity of their ancestors 100 years ago, that heralded the Pozantı Congress and the Carboat Victory. Snowdrops are rising, from the slopes of Bolkar Mountain; so that a huge avalanche falls upon the enemy ...

To organize the Kuvvayı Milliye Movement in the region, started broadcasting in a train car in Pozantı in 1918; 'Turkey's Press Cinar New Adana Newspaper 102. Honor Year and Ahmet Remzi carrying the Heart flag, Mr. Cetin Remzi Hail Yüreğir ... Ataturk's adopted daughter Anadol Adilov and National Struggle days visiting Cilicia, Thank you for the contributions of Marshal Fevzi Çakmak's martyred brother, 57th Regiment Topman Nazif Çakmak, grandson Ayşe Filiz Çakmak, for her contributions…

Hakimi National Newspaper, 5 in its edition dated October 1920, headline news was as follows: "TURKISH - Bolshevik allies in the" The bottom pivotable this news continued: "The new Soviet hand in hand with Russia and a new Turkey, World are the vanguard of the movement to save the imperialist oppression ..." news continued in if; Friendship and solidarity, which started after Atatürk and Lenin correspondences, are emphasized… And then, sent from the Soviet Union to the Port of Inebolu; It spoke of 3500 gold rubles, weapons and military equipment. As it is known, some of these weapons and materials were sent to the Western Cilicia Front Kuvvayı Milliye Command…

On 26 December 1920, after the Pozantı-Karboğası raid, a battalion of 4 French battalions and commander Major Pierra Mesnil and his wife Edrige Aubry Mesnil, 44 of whom were delivered to the National Assembly of 630 people; Ulukışla Kuvayı Milliye Platoon Commander Şevki Alpagut and his family wrote a letter from France. Write; They emphasized that “Turks are very welcoming and gracious and do good to make them forget their captivity”… I wish Şevki Alpagut's daughters Ijlal and Perihan Alpagut healthy long life…

The names of the local patriots who participated in the National Resistance of Kuvvayı were given their names as villages in order to keep their memory alive. In Adana: For Saimbeyli, Tufan Beyli, Pozantılı Tahtacı Bey Black Jesus: There are villages named Karaisalı, Hamidiye, Ömerli, Aşçıbekirli. In Tarsus, there are village names such as Aliağa, Alibeyli, Aliefendioğlu, Alifakı, Beydeğirmeni, Lieutenant Colonel Şemsettin, Şehit İshak, Sarıveli, Pirömerli, Kurtmusa, Muratlı, Mahmutağa, Kızlmurat, Hasanağa, Hacıbozan. In Ulukışla: Due to a brainworm of Hasangazi, Alihoca, Eminlik, Hüsniye, Hacıbekirli, Şıhömerli, Emirlar, Ulukışlalı Kuvvacı; For Beığl, Çolak Kuvvacı: Village names such as sleeveless are given. The name of the village of Horoz is also meaningful for the rooster, which awakens the villagers and kills them early.

It is interesting but true; Wherever the Kuvvayı Milliye Resistance continues, the majority of the volunteer detachments fighting at the forefront have been proved to be Turkmen Yoruks and Tahtacı Alevi villagers from the Sarıkeçili Tribe. 6 of the 2 villages participating in the war in Pozantı are Alevi (Belemedik and Karaisalı) and 4 are the Yörük villages. For example, 37 Turkmen Alevi villages in the Mersin Region and 39 in Adana region have been in front of this war. When you are home to Çukurova and Taurus Mountain and know the life of the nomadic life, migration from Seyil to the highlands, the free spirit of the mountains, you are the guests of these last nomads' black hair tents; three photos greet you: Atatürk, Hz. Ali and Hacı Bektaşı Veli. This must be the secret of the free patriotic people running forward to the Forces National Forces on the Western Cilicia front…

In accordance with the Ottoman Yearbook, the minutes of the Independence Court, the Treaty of Exchange, Tekelioğlu Sinan Bey and Niğde 11th Division Command, secret correspondence, Telegraph texts and local public testimonies, especially in this region (1918-1923); Just like the Ulukışla District Governor Tayyar Bey, it is a fact that there were many pro-British and French people and families. In addition, there were many soldiers and bandits in the area. Especially; Kayseri Talas, Osmaniye, Garden, Kozan, Antakya, Adana, Mersin, Tarsus, Çiftehan, Ulukışla Merkez, Kılan, Ovacık, Tabaklı, İlhan, Maden (Hamidiye), Bor Merkez Orta and Sokubaşı Mahallesi, Niğde Merkez Kayardı and Kayabaşı Neighborhood, Yeşilburç Some people and families living in villages and settlements such as Fertek, Kumluca, Küçükköy, Keçikalesi, Aksaray, Gelveri, Ihlara, Gölcük, Uluağaç, Aktaş, Hasaköy, Konaklı, Dikilitaş, Çarıklı, Hançerli, Hamamlı, Misli, Kavuklu; Before the Exchange Agreement (January 30, 1923), they did not support the Kuwaiti Milliye movement and took part in the opposite front… Despite everything, of course, the devoted people of these places that I count and cannot name; They showed great patriotism examples in Yemen, Palestine, Tripoli, Balkan, Canakkale, Sakarya, Dumlupinar Wars and Kuvaya National Resistance. Most of them were martyrs… The heroes of this region are known on this sacred road from salvation to the establishment. Greetings to the 4-person detachment of Gülekli Yörük Hatca and 44 female Kuvacı, and there are only their stories in our epic that made sense in the Bolkar Scream.

On February 22, 1920, to the Istanbul Government Sheikh ul-Islam; The telegraph entitled “There is no religion without independence…”, the Mufti of Kuvvacı Ulukışla, Mehmet Bahaeddin Efendi, was on the front of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. On May 29, 1920, Tekelioğlu Sinan Bey, Commander of the Western Cilicia Defense Society, headquartered in Adana, made a very secret and special celebration telegram to the Ulukışla Kuvayı Milliye Detachment and the 11th Division Command of Niğde for his patriotic devotions. ...

On the other hand, Kuvvayı Milliye Ulukışla and Niğde Front; The bottleneck Süleyman Çavuş-Gökalp (Father of Tarık Buğra), Porsuk Gala Hasan, Beığllı Zahit Hoca, Molla Durmuş, Ebubekir Hazım Tepeyran from Niğde, Inspector Hilmi Bey, Mustafa Soylu, Halit Hami Mengi, Dellalzade Haci Osman, Major Cemal Bey, Fehmi Esen, Muhittin Soylu etc. It is also necessary to remember patriotic nafs…

I greet you with “Tepeyran”, another National Struggle face of Niğde, again…

Ebubekir Hazım Tepeyran (1864-1947): He is the son of Niğde Tahrirat Manager Bekir Beyzade Hasan Efendi. Since he was born from the "Tepe-viran" district in Yenice District, called "Tepeyran" among the people in Niğde, he took this name as his last name. He graduated from Niğde High School (High School). I am happy that I finished the same high school (1970). He learned Arabic, Persian and French with private lessons. Governorate building in Mosul, Monastery, Baghdad. After the announcement of the Constitutional Monarchy, he served as the Governors of Sivas and Ankara, İstanbul Şehreminliği and Bursa Governorship. During the armistice period, he made the Ministry of Interior twice. While in this position, he was convicted and sentenced to death in the Military Court, which was established by the occupation army on the grounds that he helped Kuwait Milliye and was saved at the last minute; sentence was converted to rowing conviction (2). When the military appeal overturned during Tevfik Pasha's grand vizier, he secretly passed to Anatolia. Upon Atatürk's request, he was brought to the Governors of Sivas and Trabzon by the Ankara Government. He was a deputy in the Republican Era; He was elected as a deputy of Nigde three times. Turkish, French poetry, memoirs, stories and novel books were published. His only novel, Küçük Pasha (1920), took an important place in Turkish literature. After Nabizade Nazım's "Karabibik" novel, he is the second novelist who put the Anatolian village and the Turkish peasant into our writing. He also wrote his memories. Tepeyr that; He is the grandfather of journalist, writer, poet Oktay Akbal. He is known for another honors and books of Niğde in National Struggle and his literary articles and published books in Servet-i Funun Magazine. To Ebubekir Hâzım Tepeyran, who is the influx of Turkish Literature; (except for my journalist, writer friend Hikmet Altinkaynak), witnessing the Niğdeli not showing the necessary attention deeply injures us…

Celebrating its 100th anniversary; Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who gathered on August 5, 1920, the first spark, the first step, the first decision, the first scream of the National Struggle, participated in the 1st Pozantı Congress; “For the first time, by making a democratic election, the people showed their will and called the whole Islamic World to unity and solidarity”…

Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who came to Tarsus by train on March 18, 1923; After chatting with the hero of the National Forces, Adile Çavuş (Kara Fatma), she read the Historical Address of Tarsus Youth…

At the same time, on the Cilicia (Çukurova) Front, which extends from Kozan to Mut, which also struggles with the fugitive bandits; The patriotic valiant of the Taşeli (Mut-Silifke-Erdemli) Kuvvayı Milliye Detachment fought for the liberation of the Cilicia Region… 3 January 1922, Mersin and 5 January 1922, Adana's liberation day. It is remembered with honor as the day when the holy epic that heralded this utkuyu was written, every year… This victory: In the light of 23 April 1920; On this holy road extending to Republican Revolutions on October 29, 1923, from liberation to establishment; It was the first spark, first step, first oath, first and first speech… We are on the road for the same language, the same flag, the same country and the same ideal, again…

'Our Language Flag is Turkish; From the quarters of Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey and his ancestor Nure Sofi, who advised him to speak anytime, anywhere and in all conditions; The Believous Highlands of the Taşeli Region, which set off from the slopes of Ermenek's Balkusan Village and Mut's Değirmenlik Plateau, also listened to this sound… The brightness that goes to the establishment, with its instinct and solidarity ability to shake up and stand up in the defense of the homeland; By saying “it is always the time to scream folk songs from the mouth”, he empowered our power… The spark that happened 100 years ago, was the flame 100 years later… It was screaming… It is the dance and chanting of our rise in the circle, side by side and side by side, in the semah and sama ... All the rich Our love, folk songs, lament, lullabies and epics are the confidant yeast of our differences and our culture of living together.

We salute with the poem “The Beautification of the National Forces”; Çukurova's lush scream Ruhi Su and the water-friendly Three Kemal (Tahir-Orhan-Yaşar) and Muzaffer İzgü and Yılmaz Güney love surrounded our captive dreams. Our lost hopes for dreams; Karacaoğlan, who says “I will put sulum on his chest”, and in the love of Dadaloğlu, who is famous as “He held the mountain of Gavur mountain, his boran,” is growing in his tongue, again…

Toros Mountains, Çukurova and Mediterranean Sea; salute for this… Come on dear! It is time to migrate… Open the door of the heart, our love is sebil, to such a consciousness… A song of love echoes from the plateaus again… Our hope and utopia; "Intellectual freedom, conscience free, fully independent Turkey! .." Anatolia and Çukurova 'Kemal inexhaustible, death ... Love swings, unafraid and eternal, this Kuvvac sublime voice; Bolkar is a scream, a sacred invitation that calls everyone… Kemal Pasha addresses Tarsus Youth and the poet rises again; “Anatolia stretching from mare like a mare head to the Mediterranean from Asia” is a revolution foal that rises ... Look! The registration fault of the world… Today, August 5, 1920, the Pozantı Congress has convened… On the 100th anniversary of the Poetry Day… Again, the poem horsemen marched from everywhere, the Poetry Regiment…

Anatolia homeland, Toroslar can, Çukurova dear victim! ..

JavaScript is required for this slide show.

(Dursun Ozden)


sohbet

Feza.Net

Be the first to comment

Comments

Related Articles and Advertisements