Lady Gaga or Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta (born March 28, 1986), known as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter and actress. During his youth, he wrote songs, played in open microphone meetings, and performed in high school games. He also studied at CAP21 before dropping out of training to focus on his music career. After removing the deal from Def Jam Recordings, he worked as a songwriter on Sony / ATV Music Publishing. Akon, who liked Gaga's vocal skills there, helped Gaga sign a joint agreement with Interscope Records and his own company KonLive Distribution in 2007. Gaga became famous for singles, the first studio album released in 2008, and singles, which are number one in the world charts such as "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". The EP titled The Fame Monster, which he released in 2009, achieved similar successes and featured singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone" and "Alejandro".
Gaga's second album, Born This Way, was released in 2011 and was at the top of the charts in more than twenty countries, including the US, where it sold over a million in its first week. The song, which gave the album its name, became the fastest selling song on iTunes, with over a million downloads in less than a week. His third album, Artpop, which he released in 2013, became number one in the US charts and featured the single "Applause". The jazz album Cheek to Cheek, released in 2014 with Tony Bennett, became Gaga's third consecutive album in the USA. She received the Best Actress Golden Globe Award in 2016 for her performance in the American Horror Story: Hotel series. With her fifth studio album, Joanne (2016), she became the first woman to have four albums in the U.S. in 2010.
As of January 2016, Gaga, which has sold 27 million albums and 146 million singles worldwide, is one of the best-selling artists of all time. His achievements include many Guinness World Records, three Brit Awards, six Grammy Awards and awards by the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Council of Fashion Designers of America. Gaga is featured on Billboard's Artist of the Year lists and Forbes' strength and earnings rankings. In 2012, she was ranked fourth in VH1's Biggest Women in Music list, in 2013 she was second in the reader's survey of Time's most influential people of the past decade, and was named Woman of the Year by Billboard in 2015. In addition to his profession, he conducts various philanthropic and social activism activities, including the non-profit Born This Way Foundation, which he established with the aim of empowering young people and combating bullying with LGBT rights.
His life and career
1986-2004: The first semester
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta was born on March 28, 1986, to a Catholic family at Lenox Hill Hospital in Upper East Side, Manhattan. Cynthia Louise "Cindy" (maiden name Bissett) and Internet entrepreneur Joseph Anthony "Joe" are the eldest daughter of Germanotta, Jr. Germanotta, which has 75% Italian roots, also has Canadian French roots. Her sister Natali is a fashion student. Germanotta, who grew up in the Upper West Side region of Manhattan, states that his mother worked in the communications industry from eight to eight in the morning, and that his father spent a lot of time at work. From the age of eleven, Germanotta went to the Sacred Heart Monastery, a private Roman Catholic girl school in the Upper East Side area of Manhattan. Germanotta, who defined his high school education years as "hardworking, multidisciplinary" but "a little bit unsafe", later on, I would be mocked because I was either very provocative or very strange. I couldn't adapt and I felt like a freak. ” used expressions. Germanotta, who started playing the piano at the age of four, wrote his first piano ballad at the age of thirteen, and at the age of fourteen he began to perform piano performance in the evening. He starred in high school musicals, including Adelaide on Guys and Dolls (A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum). He also took on the role of a mischievous student, who played a minor role in the 2001 episode "The Telltale Moozadell" in The Sopranos series and failed to audition for shows in New York. He also took method acting classes at Lee Strasberg Theater and Film Institute for ten years.
After graduating from high school, he applied to Collaborative Arts Project 21 (CAP21), New York University's musical theater conservatory. At the age of seventeen, he started to stay in the university dormitory as one of the twenty admissions students. In addition to improving his ability to write lyrics, he wrote compositions on art, religion, social issues and politics, and a thesis on pop artists Spencer Tunick and Damien Hirst. Germanotta also auditioned for many roles and took part in MTV's Boiling Points reality show in 2005.
2005-07: Beginning of career
Germanotta decided to focus on his music career at the age of nineteen and left CAP21 in the second semester of his education. Germanotta, who settled in an apartment on Rivington Street in the summer of 2005, recorded several songs for the audio book of The Portal in the Park, a children's book written by hip-hop singer Grandmaster Melle Mel and Cricket Casey. He also formed a group called Stefani Germanotta Band (SGBand) with friends from New York University. Performing at various venues in New York, the group started to become a fixture of clubs in Lower East Side. After the 2006 Songwriters Hall of Fame New Songwriters Showcase at The Cutting Room, Germanotta was proposed to music producer Rob Fusari by talent hunter Wendy Starland. In collaboration with Fusari, Germanotta went to New Jersey every day and worked on the songs he wrote and prepared new songs with his producer. Fusari says he started a relationship with Germanotta in May 2006 and found the nickname "Lady Gaga" inspired by the Queen song "Radio Ga Ga". When Germanotta received a message saying "Lady Gaga" from Fusari, she was trying to find a stage name for her.
Fusari and Gaga soon founded a company called Team Lovechild and sent their recorded electropop songs to music industry bosses. Joshua Sarubin, head of the A&R division of Def Jam Recordings, expressed positive opinion and, after signing with his boss Antonio "LA" Reid, Gaga signed a contract with Def Jam in September 2006. But he was dismissed three months later; This period of his life would later inspire the clip of his single "Marry the Night", which he released in 2011. Gaga returns to her family and the nightlife of the Lower East Side for Christmas; She was doing things like performing new burlesque shows, doing go-go dancing in bikinis in bars and she used drugs during this period. His relationship with Fusari also ended in January 2007.
During this time, Gaga encountered performance artist Lady Starlight, who helped shape her personality on stage. Like SGBand, the duo soon started appearing at clubs including Mercury Lounge, The Bitter End and Rockwood Music Hall. Their live performance named “Lady Gaga and the Starlight Revue”, which presents the music of the 1970s in its most realistic form, was launched as “The Ultimate Pop Burlesque Rockshow”. Soon the duo were invited to the Lollapalooza music festival in August 2007. The show was appreciated by critics and received positive feedback. Focusing initially on avant-garde electronic dance music, Gaga found her musical niche when she incorporated David Bowie and Queen's glam rock into her own music with pop melodies. While Gaga and Starlight were busy singing, producer Rob Fusari continued to work on their songs with Gaga. Fusari sent these songs to producer Vincent Herbert, who was also his friend. Herbert immediately recruited the singer to his own company Streamline Records, a brand of Interscope Records, which was founded in 2007. In the following years, Gaga will talk about Herbert as the person who discovered him and "I think we wrote pop history and we will continue to do so." he would use his expressions. After doing an internship as a novice songwriter at Famous Music Publishing before being acquired by Sony / ATV Music Publishing, Gaga signed a contract with Sony / ATV. As a result, she was hired to write songs for Britney Spears, New Kids on the Block, Fergie, and The Pussycat Dolls. On Interscope, singer and songwriter Akon noticed Gaga's vocal talent while recording for one of her songs at the studio. Akon then convinced Jimmy Iovine, President and CEO of Interscope Geffen A&M, to sign a joint contract with Gaga on the condition that he would remain with his own company KonLive at the same time.
Towards the end of 2007, Gaga met songwriter and producer RedOne.  Gaga collaborated with RedOne in the studio for a week for her first album. On the other hand, he joined Cherrytree Records, a brand of Interscope, founded by producer and songwriter Martin Kierszenbaum, and wrote four songs with Kierszenbaum.
2008-10: The Fame and The Fame Monster
In 2008, Gaga moved to Los Angeles to work on her first studio album and formed her own creative team called Haus of Gaga, similar to Andy Warhol's Factory. Gaga's first studio album, The Fame, was released on August 19, 2008 and received positive feedback. Critics noted that the album was a combination of the Def Leppard drums and applause and the metal drums of urban music, the 1980s electropop, and dance music and distinctive hooks. Album; It was number one on the charts of Germany, Austria, United Kingdom, Ireland, Switzerland and Canada, while the USA was among the top five in Australia and fifteen countries' lists. The first two singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face" were commercially successful around the world. “Poker Face” received an award for Best Dance Recording at the 52nd Grammy Awards, and The Fame for Best Dance / Electronica Album. The successful singles "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)", "LoveGame" and "Paparazzi" were also released from the album.
After being the inaugural artist on The Pussycat Dolls' Doll Domination Tour in Europe and Oceania in 2009, Gaga launched her first world tour, The Fame Ball Tour, which took place between March and September 2009. While traveling the world, he released an eight-song EP, The Fame Monster, in November 2009. The album's lead single, "Bad Romance", topped the charts in eighteen countries, topped the top two in the United States, Australia and New Zealand, and won awards for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and Best Video Clip. Following the album, singles "Telephone" (duet with Beyoncé) and "Alejandro" were released. While the first of these was Gaga's fourth number-one single in the UK, the video clip of the latter sparked religious controversy. Despite the controversy surrounding his video clips, Gaga became the first artist to have a billion views on the video-sharing site YouTube. It won eight of the thirteen categories for which it was nominated at the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards. She became the first female artist to be nominated twice at the same time, as she was nominated in "Telephone" in the Video of the Year category, for which she received the award for "Bad Romance". In addition, The Fame Monster received an award for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 53rd Grammy Awards. His 2010 compilation, The Remix, was Gaga's last album with Cherrytree Records. Forbes began featuring Gaga in the Celebrity 100 and World's Most Powerful Women lists in 2010, placing the artist in fourth and seventh, respectively.
The success of The Fame Monster prompted Gaga to launch her second world tour, The Monster Ball Tour, a few weeks after the album's release and a few months after The Fame Ball Tour ended. The critically acclaimed and commercially successful tour, which ended in May 2011, lasted more than a year and a half and became one of the highest-grossing tours of all time, grossing $ 227,4 million. Concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York were screened on HBO's Lady Gaga Presents the Monster Ball Tour: At Madison Square Garden. Gaga also has songs from the album, among them Queen of the UK II. She performed at the 2009 Royal Variety Performance, which Elizabeth also participated in, the 52nd Grammy Awards where she made a piano duet with Elton John, and the 2010 BRIT Awards, where Gaga won three awards.  In addition, although Michael Jackson was the inaugural artist at the This Is It concerts at The O2 Arena in London, the events were canceled after Jackson died.
In 2009, Gaga began working with Monster Cable Products to make a headphone called Heartbeats, covered with jewelery. In January 2010, Gaga, the creative director of the company named Polaroid, introduced its first trio new product, Gray Label, at the 2011 Consumer Electronics Show electronics fair. Ex-producer and ex-boyfriend Rob Fusari claimed a 20% share of the artist's production company due to his collaboration with Gaga and filed a lawsuit against Mermaid Music LLC. The New York Supreme Court rejected the case and the counterclaim filed by Gaga. In addition to this conflict, Gaga was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, but was alleged not to be affected by symptoms. In an interview with Larry King, Gaga said he hopes to avoid symptoms and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
2011-14: Born This Way, Artpop and Cheek to Cheek
Gaga released "Born This Way" in February 2011 as the lead single of her second studio album of the same name. The song, which entered the Billboard Hot 100 at the first place, became the thousandth number one single in the history of the chart. The second single, "Judas", entered the top ten of many major music markets, while "The Edge of Glory" was released as a single after its success in digital stores. Released on May 23, 2011, Born This Way sold 1,108 million copies in its first week in the US, making it the number one on the Billboard 200 chart and topped the charts in more than twenty countries. In addition to over eight million sales worldwide, Born This Way has been nominated for three Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year, for which Gaga was nominated for the third consecutive year. The album's subsequent singles "Yoü and I" and "Marry the Night" fell short of the international success of previous singles. During the music video for "Yoü and I" in July 2011, Gaga met actress and model Taylor Kinney. The two soon started dating. The tour titled The Born This Way Ball, which supports the album Born This Way, began on April 27, 2012 and ended in February 2013. However, Gaga canceled the remaining shows of the tour due to a tear in her right hip. He soon confirmed that he had hip surgery and was recovering. Gaga was announced by PPL to be the second most played artist of 2011 in the UK. In the same year, Gaga topped the Celebrity 90 list with $ 100 million in earnings and became the highest-ranked artist at eleventh place on the World's Most Powerful Women list. In March 2012, it ranked fourth on Billboard's top earners list, with $ 25 million in earnings, including Born This Way sales and The Monster Ball Tour revenue.
During this period, he recorded the jazz version of "The Lady Is a Tramp" with Tony Bennett and did a duet with Elton John for the animated film Gnomeo & Juliet. He took the stage at Sydney Town Hall to promote Born This Way and celebrate the 65th birthday of former US President Bill Clinton; She sang "Yoü and I" in a blonde wig, reminiscent of Marilyn Monroe. His television performances included the critically acclaimed Thanksgiving special broadcast, A Very Gaga Thanksgiving, which was watched by 5,749 million Americans and led to the release of his fourth EP, A Very Gaga Holiday. In May 2012, Gaga made a guest appearance in the animated version of "Lisa Goes Gaga", the final episode of the 23rd season of The Simpsons. He also appeared in Bennett's documentary called The Zen of Bennett (2012). The next month, Coty, Inc. Lady Gaga, the first perfume she prepared with her and went on sale worldwide in September 2012, announced the Fame.
In early 2012, while working with producer Fernando Garibay, he announced the development of songs on his third studio album Artpop. His album work continued during The Born This Way Ball tour. Stating that his intention was to "have a really good time" to his audience, the artist stated that he designed the album as "a night spent in the club". Artpop was released in November 2013. Despite mixed reaction from critics, it debuted at the top of the Billboard 200 chart and has sold 2014 million copies as of July 2,5. The singles "Applause" released from the album and "Do What U Want" featuring a duet with R&B singer R. Kelly achieved commercial success. The third single "GUY" was Gaga's least successful single on the charts. In May 2014, Gaga went on tour called ArtRave: The Artpop Ball, which took its concept from the ArtRave promotional event. The tour, which grossed $ 83 million, visited cities where The Born This Way Ball tour was canceled and cities that the singer had not visited before. Meanwhile, Gaga parted ways with longtime manager Troy Carter over "creative differences" and in June 2014, she joined Artist Nation, the artist management division of Live Nation Entertainment, with her new manager Bobby Campbell. Gaga is at the top of Forbes' Top-Earning Under 30 Celebrities list, and second on the Celebrity 100 list and Time's reader survey of the most influential people of the last decade.
Gaga starred in the movie Razor Turns (2013), directed by Robert Rodriguez. She was nominated for the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress for her performance in the critically and commercially unsuccessful film. He was also the host of the Saturday Night Live episode on November 16, 2013, and voiced "Do What U Want" (with Kelly) and "Gypsy". On November 28, she made her second Thanksgiving special television broadcast, Lady Gaga and the Muppets' Holiday Spectacular, on ABC. He also appeared in a cameo appearance in the Robert Rodriguez film Sin City: A Woman to Kill For, which was released on August 22, 2014. She became the face of Versace's 2014 spring-summer season with the campaign called "Lady Gaga For Versace".
In 2014, he collaborated with American jazz singer Tony Bennett and released a jazz album called Cheek to Cheek. He explained the inspiration behind the album as follows: “Cheek to Cheek was born out of the harmonious friendship and relationship I have established with Tony over the years and it is the work of a full collaboration… I have been singing jazz since childhood and I wanted to show the true face of this style.” Regarding the album, which received generally positive reviews, Caroline Sullivan of The Guardian praised Gaga's vocals, while Chicago Tribune critic Howard Reich said, "Cheek to Cheek offers the real thing from start to finish." he wrote. Top of the list on the Billboard 200 list, Gaga became the third consecutive album in the USA and won the Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album award at the 57th Grammy Awards. The duo, Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga: Cheek to Cheek Live! and went on a tour called Cheek to Cheek Tour, which started in December 2014 and completed in August 2015. The same year, Gaga performed a seven-day resident show at the venue before the Roseland Ballroom in New York closed. Also Coty Inc. He put his second perfume Eau de Gaga, which he prepared together with, for sale.
2015-present: American Horror Story and Joanne
Gaga got engaged to Taylor Kinney in February 2015. Following Artpop, he attempted to renew his image and style. According to Billboard, this change started with the release of Cheek to Cheek and the interest received by Gaga, who performed a performance of songs from the movie Joyful Days (87) to commemorate Julie Andrews at the 1965th Academy Awards. Related to this performance, more than 214.000 posts per minute were made on Facebook worldwide. The song "Til It Happens to You", written by Gaga with Diane Warren for the documentary The Hunting Ground, won the Satellite Award for Best Original Song and received a nomination at the 88th Academy Awards. In 2015, Gaga won the Billboard Woman of the Year Award and the Contemporary Icon Award given by the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
Desiring to be an actor in the early years of his life, Gaga starred in the American Horror Story: Hotel. Starting in October 2015 and ending in January 2016 and playing the fifth season of the American Horror Story, Hotel portrayed a hotel owner named Elizabeth. For her role in the series, she won an award for Best Actress - Mini Series or Television Movie at the 73rd Golden Globe Awards.  He was also featured in the movie shot by Nick Knight in 2016 for Tom Ford's 2015 spring season campaign, and was the guest editor of the V magazine's 99th issue featuring sixteen different covers. He received the Editor of the Year award at the Fashion Los Angeles Awards ceremony.
In 2016, Super Bowl 7, where he voiced the US national anthem on February 50, in collaboration with Intel and Nile Rodgers, was presented by the 58th Grammy Awards and Joe Biden, in collaboration with fifty sexual assailants, including "Til It Happens to You". He performed live at events including the 88th Academy Awards. She was awarded the Jane Ortner Artist Award, distributed by The Grammy Museum in April 2016. Her engagement with Taylor Kinney ended in July 2016.
The sixth season of American Horror Story, which appeared on the screen in the last months of 2016, portrayed a witch named Scáthach in American Horror Story: Roanoke. The character he portrayed in the fifth season of the series influenced his fifth studio album. The album's debut single, "Perfect Illusion", released in September 2016, was number one in France and Spain, while it rose to fifteen in the USA. The album, called Joanne, was released on October 21, 2016. It sold 170.000 copies in the United States in its first week and became Gaga's fourth album in this country. As a result, Gaga became the first woman to have four albums in the US in 2010 in number one. The second single, "Million Reasons," released the following month, hit number four in the U.S. Gaga organized the Dive Bar Tour, a four-concert tour sponsored by Bud Light to promote Joanne.
On February 5, 2017, Super Bowl LI performed alone at the halftime show. During the demonstration at the NRG Stadium in Houston, robotic aircraft were used for the first time in the Super Bowl, with hundreds of illuminated unmanned aerial vehicles forming various shapes in the sky. According to the US television ratings, the show, which was watched by 117,5 million people, left the final game, which was followed by 113,3 million people. After the performance, Gaga's albums sold 150.000 digital sales. Gaga also received an Emmy nomination for Best Private Television Program with her performance at the show. Later, she announced the tour titled Joanne World Tour, which started in August 2017 and is expected to be completed in 2018. In April 2017, she appeared as a guest star at the 22 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. He released his single "The Cure", which he performed for the first time during the event. On September XNUMX, his documentary, Gaga: Five Foot Two, was screened on Netflix. It turned out that Gaga, seen during chronic pain throughout the film, had fibromyalgia.
Gaga will star in A Star is Born, the new version of the 1937 musical film produced by Bradley Cooper, and will make new songs for the film. The movie will be released in May 2018. In the film, she will portray a woman named Ally whose relationship has deteriorated when her career overshadowed her lover.
Gaga, who grew up listening to artists like The Beatles, Stevie Wonder, Queen, Bruce Springsteen, Pink Floyd, Mariah Carey, Grateful Dead, Led Zeppelin, Whitney Houston, Elton John, Blondie and Garbage, was impressed by all these artists. He also showed heavy metal bands such as Iron Maiden, which he stated that he "changed his life", and Black Sabbath, which he expressed as his "biggest fan".  While Gaga is musically inspired by countless musicians from dance-pop singers Madonna and Michael Jackson to glam rock artists David Bowie and Freddie Mercury, she uses the theatrical abilities of Andy Warhol in her performances. Madonna, who stated that she saw her reflection in Gaga, is often compared with Gaga. In response to these comparisons, Gaga said, “I don't want to be arrogant, but I chose to revolutionize pop music. The previous revolution was made 25 years ago by Madonna. ” she said and added: "There is no one who loves and loves Madonna more than me." Like Madonna, Gaga continues to change herself and throughout her career, she is influenced by the music and performances of various artists, including Whitney Houston, Blondie's soloist Debbie Harry, Lily Allen, Marilyn Manson, Yoko Ono, Beyoncé, Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera.
Another spiritual influence on Gaga is Indian physicist, speaker and writer Deepak Chopra. Describing Chopra as "real inspiration", Gaga reminds me that "I always work for my fans throughout my life and fulfill my destiny with my dream." said. Gaga also shared a quote from Osho's book Creativity on Twitter. Asked about the connection with Osho, Gaga stated that he was influenced by his work and that "the best way to revolt is creativity" and "Equality is the most important thing in my life." said.
Defining fashion as an important area of influence for her, Gaga stated that her passion for fashion comes from her “always well-groomed and beautiful” mother. “When I write music, I think of the costumes I want to wear on stage. It's about all-in-one - performance art, pop performance art, fashion. ” He stated that his musical engagements are directly related to fashion. In terms of beak style, Leigh Bowery is compared to Isabella Blow and Cher. She stated that as a child somehow she absorbed and applied her strange sense of fashion. Assuming Donatella Versace as our inspiration and British fashion designer and close friend Alexander McQueen, Gaga reflects McQueen to some of her work, “I miss Lee every time I dress.” said. In contrast, Versace used the term "new Donatella" for Gaga. Inspired by Andy Warhol's Factory, Gaga's own creative team, Haus of Gaga, with whom she is personally interested, has prepared many of the singer's costumes, props and hairstyles. In an interview with Larry King, Gaga stated that after her own mother and grandmother, Princess Diana was the 20th century fashion icon for her and said, “I love Princess Diana very much. When I was little, the effect on me was great because my mom adored him. When he died, I will never forget, my mother was crying. Seeing my mom so attached to someone is a strong moment from my childhood. ” said.
Gaga's musical and performance style is the subject of many of the critics' analysis and analysis. Gaga states that he “liberates him” by constantly renewing his voice and image, and says that this came from his childhood. Refusing to play back, Gaga - her voice range is often compared to that of Madonna and Gwen Stefani - though she changed her vocal style throughout her career, for her album Born This Way, released in 2011, “It is much closer to my vocal capacity.” commented. “There's tremendous emotional intelligence behind using your voice,” said Entertainment Weekly. Contrary to the lung power of artistry, he knows that he is in nuance, so he does not crush almost any song with his voice ability. ” he wrote.
Though the words of his first songs were criticized for lack of intellectual impulses, "Gaga allows you to act and enjoy almost without effort." Gaga believes that "all good music can be sung at the piano and still be a hit". He covered a wide range of topics in his songs: The Fame (2008) focused on his desire to be a star, while The Fame Monster (2009) expresses the dark side of his reputation with monster metaphors. Born This Way (2011) includes Gaga's controversial songwriting themes such as love, sex, religion, money, drugs, identity, liberation, sexuality, freedom and individuality when speaking English, French, German and Spanish.
The musical style is described as electropop and dance-pop, and the structure of his music is influenced by the classical pop of the 1980s and Europop of the 1990s. Her debut studio album The Fame, The Sunday Times "Gaga, Madonna, who combines music, fashion, art and technology, is reminiscent of Gwen Stefani in 'Hollaback Girl', Kylie Minogue in 2001 or the current Grace Jones." and The Boston Globe's "Redish but powerful voice and cheerful rhythms… from Madonna to Gwen Stefani." caused him to comment. "Everything about Gaga comes from electroclash, especially the brutally catchy nasty pop polished with Auto-Tune and R&B-like rhythms backed by the bottom," says music critic Simon Reynolds. said. The next recording The Fame Monster, featuring "seventies glam rock style, ABBA's disco and Stacey Q's throwbacks," witnessed Gaga's taste in imitation, while Born This Way also used recordings from her childhood and is still like its predecessors "electro rhythms and Euro disco refrain. “It has but includes various genres such as opera, heavy metal, disco and rock and roll. "There is no nice moment on the album, but even in its wildest state, the music is full of emotional details." Rolling Stone, writing, concluded: "The more extreme Gaga gets, the more honest she gets." With Cheek to Cheek, released in 1980, Gaga began to show an interest in jazz style. Critics stated that Gaga, whom they appreciated for her love for music and the songs she performed on the album, was trying to change the style, and her "rhythmically simple and screaming" voice resembled the voice of a Broadway singer rather than the voice of a real jazz musician.
Clips and performances
With his constantly changing clothes and provocative images, Gaga's clips are generally considered as short films. Gaga said, “Being provocative is not just about getting people's attention. It is really saying something that positively affects people. ” used the expression. According to author Curtis Fogel, the three main themes that shape the Gaga clips, which include bondage and sadomasochism, in addition to their common feminist themes, are "sex, violence and power." Defining herself as “a little feminist” and defending “empowering women with sexuality”, Gaga also encourages young women to fight for what they believe.  Pop critic Ann Powers "Gaga not only reiterates his claim that he is completely authentic, but also handles the subtleties of a philosophical stance and a little bit of feminism that building a personality stemming from pop culture may be an expression of one's truth." said. In the summary of the artist's clips, Rolling Stone said, “Is there anyone looking for restrictions on Lady Gaga clips?” used his rhetoric.
While their performances were described as “very fun and innovative”, the gushing “Paparazzi” performance at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards was described as “surprising” by MTV News. Gaga continued her “blood-soaked” theme on The Monster Ball Tour, and was protested in England by families and some fans of the deceased after an incident where a taxi driver killed 12 people. Exceptionalness also continued at the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards: he participated in the ceremony as his second personality as Jo Calderone and made a monologue about love before singing "Yoü and I". Gaga's choreographer and creative director Laurieann Gibson provided material to the singer for her performances and clips for four years. But the duo broke up in November 2011; Gaga hired Gibson's assistant Richard Jackson. When the subject was detailed shows, Gaga admitted to being a perfectionist. “I'm very authoritative. Even if a light goes out I can scream like crazy. I pay attention to the details - every minute of the show must be flawless. ”
There are different opinions about Gaga's music, style and personality. It stands out because of its location as a role model, an explosion of self-confidence, and a pioneering and fashion icon for the fans. Critics drew attention to the artist's original place in pop music, the need for new movement in popular culture, Gaga's interest in modern social issues, and the subjective nature of his art. In light of Gaga's impact on modern culture and its global reputation, sociologist Mathieu Deflem from South Carolina University launched a course called “Lady Gaga and Reputation Sociology” in order to illuminate the sociological dimensions of the artist's reputation. US President Barack Obama described the moment as "scary" after encountering Gaga, the tallest woman in the room, wearing 2011-inch high heels at an aid event.
Towards the end of 2008, comparisons were made between Gaga and Aguilera, which have similarities in style, hair and makeup. "He is completely unaware of Gaga," said Aguilera. The comparisons continued in 2010, when he shot a clip for the single “Not Myself Tonight” by Aguilera. Critics found similarities between the song and clip and Gaga's “Bad Romance” clip. When Barbara Walters interviewed Gaga for her show 2009 Most Fascinating People at ABC News in 10, the singer denied allegations that she was intersex, who became the urban legend. In a question he answered about this topic, he said, “It was very interesting at first. But in a way, I show myself very hermaphrodite and I love hermaphrodite. ” said.
Gaga's extraordinary fashion sense is one of her characteristics. Global Language Monitor declares "Lady Gaga" the Top Fashion Term; The "no pants" fashion identified with the singer came in third. Entertainment Weekly put the singer's costumes to the end of the "bests" list of the decade, and "Whether it's a dress made of Muppets or strategically placed bubbles, Gaga's extraordinary outfits brought performance art to the mainstream." made his comment. Time magazine put Gaga on the 100 Fashion Icons of All Time list, along with artists such as Michael Jackson, Madonna and The Beatles, and said, “Lady Gaga has been voiced with pop hits as well as her extreme style. Yet Gaga, born Stefani Germanotta, wore clothes made of plastic bubbles, Kermit the Frog puppets, and raw meat. ”
Gaga wore a raw meat dress at the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards and used boots, wallets and hats made from the same material. Partly because of this dress, Vogue made Gaga one of the Best Dressed People of 2010, while Time called the dress's Fashion Expression of 2010. But there were also different opinions; The clothing animal rights organization PETA, which attracted the attention of the press worldwide, angered. In 2012, Gaga took part in the exhibition The Elevated: From the Pharaoh to Lady Gaga, prepared for the 150th anniversary of the National Museum in Warsaw. Gaga, presented in a raw meat dress, has been described by Wprost magazine as “a symbol of modernity rising with the power it uses through mass media”. The dress was exhibited at the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, DC, along with a description of the artist's political message and entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in September 2015.
While his loyal fans call Gaga “Mother Monster”, Gaga calls his fans “Little Monsters” and tattooed it on his arm. According to some, this duality revolts against the concept of foreign culture. Camille Paglia claimed that Gaga was an identity thief rather than an erotic taboo destructor and singing for freaks, rebels and deprived, but none of them in her work "Lady Gaga and the death of sex" on the cover of The Sunday Times in 2010. "It is a product that is produced non-mainstream." Kitty Empire, who wrote for The Guardian, said that this duality “allows audiences to have a 'sinful' experience without having to think,” and “At the core of their performance is the idea that Gaga is with freaks and vagabonds.” said. Gaga also launched the website "littlemonsters.com", the first official social network for fans of an artist in July 2012.
Besides her music career, Gaga has contributed to many charities. He also helped various campaigns to combat natural disasters. Despite rejecting an invitation to be featured in the single "We Are the World 2010" for the benefit of the 25 Haiti earthquake victims, he donated the income of his concert at Radio City Music Hall in New York on 24 January 2010 for use in the reconstruction of the country. That daily income of his official online store was also donated. Gaga announced that a total of $ 500.000 was collected for the charity fund. Minutes after the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami hit Japan on March 11, 2011, Gaga tweeted a message and a link to Japan Prayer Bracelets. All the income of the bracelets they designed jointly with a company were donated to charities. As of March 29, 2011, $ 1,5 million was generated from the bracelets. But lawyer Alyson Oliver filed a lawsuit against Gaga in Detroit in June 2011 on charges of taxing taxa and charging $ 3,99. He also stated that he believed that all the income of the bracelets was not used for help, and demanded that the campaign be inspected and the money paid to those who received the bracelets. Gaga's spokesperson described the case as "worthless" and "misleading." On June 25, 2011, Gaga performed at MTV Japan's charity night at Makuhari Messe for the benefit of the Japanese Red Cross.
In 2012, Gaga joined the anti-hydraulic fracturing Artists Against Fracking campaign. In October 2012, he met with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. On 9 October 2012, Yoko Ono presented the Lennon Ono Peace Prize to Gaga and four other activists in Iceland's capital Reykjavík. On November 6, 2012, Gaga donated $ 1 million to the American Red Cross to help those affected by Hurricane Sandy. Gaga also contributes to the fight against the disease by focusing on educating young people about the risks of HIV and AIDS. Cyndi Lauper and Gaga started selling lipsticks under the brand name Viva Glam with the support of MAC Cosmetics. In a press release, Gaga said, “I don't want Viva Glam to be just a lipstick you buy for charity. I want him to remind you to put a condom in your bag along with your lipstick at night. " said. More than $ 202 million has been raised from the sale of lipsticks to be used in the fight against HIV and AIDS.
On April 7, 2016, Gaga met with Biden at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas to support the It's On Us campaign led by Vice President of the United States, Joe Biden, against sexual assault. He attended the 26th Annual Conference of Mayors held in Indianapolis on June 2016, 84 and met with the Dalay Lama. The Chinese government added Gaga to the list of opposing foreign powers and banned Chinese websites and media outlets from uploading or distributing the artist's songs. The Chinese Communist Party Propaganda Division also ordered the state-controlled media to condemn this meeting. On July 28, 2016, Gaga went to a special concert called Camden Rising in Camden, New Jersey, as part of the 2016 Democratic Party National Congress to support Hillary Clinton.
Born this way foundation
In 2012, Gaga created her own nonprofit organization, the Born This Way Foundation, which focuses on issues such as youth empowerment and well-being, personal trust, well-being, anti-bullying, mentoring and career development. Named after the single and album released in 2011, the organization plans to work with partners including the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, The California Endowment and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Media magnate Oprah Winfrey, writer Deepak Chopra and US Health Secretary Kathleen Sebelius spoke at the opening at Harvard University. The organization's initial funding was $ 1,2 million donated by Gaga, $ 500.000 from the MacArthur Foundation, and $ 850.000 from Barneys New York. The organization has partnered with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, MacArthur Foundation, The California Endowment and Viacom at Harvard University. In July 2012, BTWF partnered with Office Depot, which said it will donate 25% - at least $ 1 million - of sales of limited-edition back-to-school products that support the organization's message. Among the initiatives of the organization, in March 2012, the participants asked "What does courage mean to you?" There is a poster contest they organized in response to the question, the anti-bullying “Born Brave Bus” and “Born Brave” community and school groups, which were opened by the youth and followed the artist throughout his tour.
On October 24, 2015, Gaga met with 200 people, including high school students, politicians, and academics, including Yale Rector Peter Salovey, who is a pioneer in emotional intelligence research, at Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence to discuss ways to recognize and direct emotions for positive results. came. In 2016, the Foundation collaborated with Intel, Vox Media and Re / code to combat harassment on the Internet. In addition, it was announced that the income to be obtained from the sale of the cover of V magazine's 99th issue, which includes Gaga and Kinney, was donated to the foundation. Gaga and Elton John launched Love Bravery branded clothing and accessories on May 9, 2016 through Macy's; It is announced that 25% of the revenue from the sale of the products will be transferred to the Born This Way Foundation and the Elton John AIDS Foundation.
Gaga is an outspoken advocate of LGBT rights worldwide. As a mainstream artist, he bases most of his early success on gay fans and is considered a gay icon. He stated that he had difficulty playing his songs on the radio early in his career and said, "For me, the turning point was the gay community." said. He thanked FlyLife, a Manhattan-based LGBT marketing company with whom The Interscope music company, with which he worked, in The Fame album booklet. One of his first performances on television took place at the NewNowNext Awards, which aired on LGBT television channel Logo TV in May 2008. He sang at the San Francisco Pride event in June of the same year. After The Fame was released, he announced that "Poker Face" is about his bisexuality. In an interview with Rolling Stone, she talked about how her boyfriends reacted to her bisexuality and said, “The fact that I like women scares them. They are uncomfortable. 'I don't need to have triple sex. I'm just happy with you. ' they say." said. When he was a guest at The Ellen DeGeneres Show in May 2009, he praised DeGeneres for "inspiring women and the gay community."
In 2009, he gave a speech in support of the LGBT movement at the National Equality March in the National Mall, and considered the rally the “most important event alone” of his career. He came to the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards with four gay and lesbian former members of the United States Armed Forces, who were openly unable to serve in the military due to its "Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT) policy. In three videos he uploaded to YouTube, he urged his fans to contact his senators and remove the DADT policy. In September 2010, he spoke at a Servicemembers Legal Defense Network rally in Portland, Maine. After this event, The Advocate's editors commented that Gaga is a "true advocate" of gays and lesbians. Gaga attended Europride, an international LGBT event across Europe, held in Rome in June 2011. He criticized the intolerance of gay rights in many European countries and described gays as "revolutionaries of love". Gaga became a priest with the approval of Universal Life Church Monastery to marry two women who had been friends for many years. In a ceremony in Los Angeles to commemorate the victims of the attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando in June 2016, he shouted out the names of the 49 people who died in the attack and gave a speech. In the same month, he shared the life stories of the deceased with other celebrities in a video released by the Human Rights Campaign in memory of the victims of the attack.
Gaga, who sometimes used discussions to highlight a variety of issues, was considered a pioneer at many points in her career. Following the success of The Fame, Gaga was named one of the biggest contributors to the rise in synthpop popularity in the late 2000s and early 2010s. It is stated that Gaga made an impact thanks to her close relationship with her fans. Selected "Queen of Pop" by Rolling Stone in 2011, Gaga's work has influenced Miley Cyrus, Nicki Minaj, Ellie Goulding, Nick Jonas, Lorde, Sam Smith, Greyson Chance, Debbie Harry and MGMT.
The name of Gaga was used in the scientific name of several organisms. A new fern genus Gaga and two types of G. germanotta and G. monstraparva are named after the artist. Monstraparva name given to one of the genres is a reference to Lady Gaga's fans to “little monsters”; because the sign of the fans is the lifted "monster claw" hand, which is very similar to the state of a fern leaf before opening. In addition, Gagadon, an extinct mammal, and Aleiodes, a parasitic wasp, are named after the artist.
Gaga's singles, which sold nearly 2016 million albums and 27 million singles worldwide as of January 146, are among the best-selling singles in the world and she is one of the best-selling music artists. He is also regarded as an important touring artist, as he generated more than $ 3,2 million from 300 million ticket sales as a result of the first three world tours. Other achievements include six Grammy Awards, three Brit Awards, one Golden Globe Award, thirteen MTV Video Music Awards, twelve Guinness World Records, the Contemporary Icon Award given for the first time by the Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Young Artist Award at the National Art Awards.  and the Jane Ortner Artist Award distributed by The Grammy Museum. He is also the recipient of the Fashion Icon Lifetime Achievement Award given by the Council of Fashion Designers of America to “people who have made a significant impact in popular culture with their style in the international arena”.
Beak; It peaked in the Artists of the Year list in 2010, set by Billboard and has been featured annually, and was named Woman of the Year by the magazine in 2015, according to RIAA, it is the fourth artist selling the most digital singles in the U.S., with 59 million certified. She is also the first woman to receive a Digital Diamond Award from RIAA, and she is the first and only artist to have downloaded more than 7 million of her two songs ("Poker Face" and "Just Dance"). He is regularly on the lists prepared by Forbes, among them the World's 2010 Most Powerful Women List from 2014 to 100. In 2010, he was shown by Time as one of the most influential people in the world, and was selected as the second most influential person in the past decade in the 2013 reader survey.
- The fame (2008)
- Born This Way (2011)
- artpop (2013)
- Cheek to cheek (2014)
- Joanne (2016)
- Chromatica (2020)
- The Zen of Bennett (2012)
- Katy Perry: Part of Me (2012)
- Going to the Razor (2013)
- Muppets Wanted (2014)
- Sin City: A Woman Who Will Be Killed For The Sake (2014)
- Jeremy Scott: The People's Designer (2015)
- Gaga: Five Foot Two (2017)
- A Star Is Born (2018)
- The Fame Ball Tour (2009)
- The Monster Ball Tour (2009-11)
- The Born This Way Ball (2012-13)
- ArtRave: The Artpop Ball (2014)
- Cheek to Cheek Tour (with Tony Bennett) (2014-15)
- Joanne World Tour (2017-18)
- Billboard List of Social 50 number one singers
- List of the best selling music artists
- List of singers nicknames