The Grand Bazaar is the world's largest bazaar and one of the oldest bazaars in the center of the city of Istanbul, in the middle of Beyazıt, Nuruosmaniye and Mercan districts. There are approximately 4.000 shops in the Grand Bazaar and the total number of employees in these shops is approximately 25.000. It is said to have around half a million people in its peak times during the day. The bazaar, which welcomes 91 million tourists a year, is the most visited tourist destination in the world.
Among the two bedestres that form the core of the Grand Bazaar, the Interior Bedest, namely Cevahir Bedesten, is controversial among the authors, but it is probably a Byzantine structure and measures 48 mx 36 m. Yeni Bedesten, on the other hand, is the second important structure of the Grand Bazaar built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1460 and is referred to as Sandal Bedesten. Here, the fabric called "Sandal" was sold as one of the fabrics, one of which is cotton, and one of which is woven from silk, was sold.
It was accepted as the foundation year of 1460 Grand Bazaar, the year when Fatih Sultan Mehmet started the construction of Grand Bazaar. The real big bazaar was built in wood by Suleiman the Magnificent.
The Grand Bazaar, with its 30.700 streets and 66 shops in 4.000 square meters, is a unique center of Istanbul to see. This site, which resembles a city and is covered with a whole, has developed and grown over time. Until recently, there were 5 mosques, 1 school, 7 fountains, 10 wells, 1 fountain, 1 fountain, 24 doors and 17 inns.
The surrounding of two old buildings with thick walls from the 15th century, covered with a series of domes, became a shopping center in the following centuries by covering the developing streets and making additions. In the past, this place was a bazaar where certain professions took place in each street and these, where handicraft production (manifactur) was kept under strict control, and commercial ethics and ceremonies were highly respected. All kinds of valuable fabrics, jewelery, weapons, antiques were offered for sale by families that specialize in generations, with complete confidence. Although the Grand Bazaar, which had an earthquake and a few big fires in the last century, was repaired as before, its past features have changed.
All shops are built to be the same width. In every street, masters of the separate product were found in guilds (quilters, slippers, etc.) Competition was strictly prohibited among the sellers. Even a master could not process the product by bringing his counter in front of the shop and showing it to the crowd. Products could not be priced higher than the state has set.
In the past, the feeling of trust in tradesmen would cause the accumulated money of the people to be given and operated like a bank. Today, many shops on the street have changed functions. Occupation groups such as quilters, slippers and fezers remained only street names. In the street, which is considered as the main street of the bazaar, there are mostly jewelry shops, and in a side street that opens there, there are six shops. These very small shops sell with different prices and bargains. Although the Grand Bazaar preserves its old life in color and attraction, shopping opportunities are provided by modern and large organizations at the main entrance of the bazaar for tourist groups who have visited Istanbul since the 1970s. The Spice Bazaar on the Golden Horn is a smaller bazaar to a smaller extent. Another small covered bazaar in the Galata district, which dates back to the 15th century, continues to be used.
The Grand Bazaar is lively and crowded at any time of the day. Tradesmen invite visitors to their own store. Sign in developing Bazaar offers comfortable, great shops which are manufactured in Turkey and obtained export almost all goods held for sale. Hand made rugs and jewelery are the best examples of traditional Turkish art. These are sold with quality and origin certificates and guaranteed shipments to all parts of the world. Carpet and works next to the famous Turkish businessmen made of silver jewelry, copper, bronze souvenirs and decorative items, pottery, onyx and leather-finished, high quality, form a rich collection of memories of Turkey. Western writers allocated a large space to the Grand Bazaar in their travel books and memoirs.
It is one of the important touristic places of Istanbul.
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