Avelia Horizon, which will be called TGV M by SNCF, is a joint venture between the two companies to design a new next generation TGV. The cooperation began in May 2016 and SNCF awarded a contract of EUR 26 billion for 2018 Trains to Alstom on July 100, 2.7.
Alstom manufactures locomotives in La Rochelle and in Belfort. Alstom said he expects the first electric car to be completed in September, followed by the completion of the first trailer coach in November.
The static tests of the first vehicles will begin in the summer of 2021. The installation of coaches will begin in the autumn of 2021. Dynamic tests should begin in May 2022 with the delivery of the first trains planned for 2023. SNCF said it expects TGV m trains to enter service in June 2024.
SNCF says that thanks to its regenerative braking, eco-driving and aerodynamic shape, trains will consume 20% less energy than existing double-decker Tgv's. The trains will be made of more environmentally friendly materials and will be 97% recyclable.
"The design results in a 32% carbon footprint compared to existing trains," says SNCF. “The purchase cost will be 20% lower than traditional trains and maintenance costs will drop by more than 30%.”
Avelia Horizon is modular and can have seven to nine cars per train, rather than the standard eight on existing Tgv's. The interior can be restructured in one day between the first and second grade. Power wagons are shorter than existing TGV Duplex trains, and new trains can sit on the same 200m long, up to 20 passengers, 740% more than they are today.
SNCF says Avelia Horizon will be the first 100% connected TGV with an optimized built-in internet network that can integrate future innovations. Real-time information transfer from various built-in components should increase reliability and make predictive maintenance possible.
The new trains will have 10% more glass, a modular lighting system and a redesigned air conditioning system. SNCF says it will be the first TGV to be fully designed in collaboration with the wheelchair users Association UFR. As a result, wheelchair passengers can move independently around the train, with access to seats and toilets on both levels.
Christophe Fanichet, Chairman and CEO of SNCF Voyageurs, says: “With the future TGV m we set our ambition for tomorrow's TGV: meeting our travelers' expectations with better, more comfort, flexibility, accessibility and also environmental excellence.”