Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality opens the door of the underground history of the city with the motto of “Culture above and below”. In this context, under the Gaziantep Castle, which is one of the symbols of the city, “Fresh-Brackish Water”, which is a legend of the city, was found 18 meters below the ground as a result of the cleaning works carried out in accordance with the Gaziantep Cultural Heritage Protection Board decision. When the works are completed, the tunnels used for defense until the War of Independence will be discovered around the castle and the city and will be brought to tourism.
Metropolitan Municipality continues to work on history underground as well as history above the city. In this context, he accelerated his work by making the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) temporary list with his kastel and livas study. With the oral history studies conducted with the elderly living in the city, it was revealed as a result of the cleaning works, which is said to be under the Gaziantep Castle and which is a legend of the city, “fresh-brackish water”. In the studies carried out in the northwest of Gaziantep Castle under the supervision of Gaziantep Museum Directorate, it is aimed to find a tunnel system of 18 meters by determining that the ground continues in the south, southeast and northeast directions 500 meters below the ground.
EFFECTIVE USED IN ANTEP DEFENSE
During the cleaning works carried out in the Gaziantep Castle by the Metropolitan Municipality, the old electricity lines of the tunnel were renewed and the non-flammable fixtures were replaced, the lighting system was made more homogeneous. Castle tunnels, which are known to have connections in other parts of the city and are used as an active part of the Antep Defense, will be mapped and disconnected through surveys and studies. The brackish-fresh water, which has been found to be linked to the caste and livas in the city, was taken under examination. Gaziantep Castle, with its 6-year history, hidden passages, tunnels, defense systems and castels, stands upright in the center of the city, and after all the tunnels and water resources are cleaned to the finest detail, with the ongoing works, it is combined with scientific studies and healthier data. accompanied by tourism. Metropolitan Municipality will continue to uncover the uncertainties that Gaziantep has kept as a secret with its historical and cultural structures with its works.
ŞAHİN: THE TOWN AND THE GALLERIES WILL BE DISCOVERED, THE SECRET OF THE CITY WILL BE SOLVED
Visiting the “Fresh-Brackish Water”, Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Fatma Şahin said, “We are in Gaziantep's face of Antep Castle. There was a story told in our childhood. They said, 'There is a bitter and fresh water under the castle.' We have now found the fresh water in which the fish swim. There are lines from Antep Castle to Dülük. We are working with our KUDEB president and our entire team, our expert colleagues. Caving is a rising value. It is of great importance to introduce this historical texture under the castle to the world and to attract this network to our city. As of the current studies, we have opened the 500-meter line and we will continue on our way. The secret of the city will be solved with the tunnels and galleries unearthed. ”
ABOUT GAZİANTEP CASTLE
Gaziantep Castle, one of the most beautiful examples of the castle can survive in Turkey is, by necessity splendor and majesty, in both the city center date on which hides a secret edge Alleben creek's south, is on a hill attracts almost everyone's attention at an altitude of about 25 meters. It is known that Gaziantep Castle was built on a mound dating back to 6 years ago and the Chalcolithic Period, and in the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC there is a small city called “Theban” and its vicinity. It was understood as a result of archaeological excavations that the castle was first built as a watchtower during the Roman Period and was expanded over time in the 2nd or 4th centuries BC. Its present form was taken in 527 and 565 after Christ during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinyanus, called "The Architect of Castles". Again, during this period, the castle underwent a major repair and towers were built with arched and vaulted galleries, which were connected with these galleries to provide leveling during the repair, and their fortifications expanded to the west, south and east, to the border of the hill. In this form, the castle took an irregular circular shape. There are 12 towers on the castle sizes. Although Evliya Çelebi mentioned the 36 signs of the castle in his Travel Book, only 12 of them are seen today. It is estimated that the remaining 24 bastions are located on the outer walls of the fortress and cannot survive until today. There is a moat around the castle and the transition to the castle is provided by a bridge. In the years following the Byzantine period, especially Mameluks, Dulkadiroğlu and Ottomans, occasionally repaired the castle according to the need, and repair inscriptions were placed on it. The castle was overhauled for the second time by the Sultan of Egypt, Registerbay, in 1481. It is understood from the inscription on the main gate that the towers on both sides of the main gate and the castle bridge were rebuilt in 1557 by Suleiman the Magnificent during the Ottoman Empire.