Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality is opening the door to the underground history of the city, based on the motto of “Culture above and below”. In this context, as a result of the cleaning works carried out in accordance with the decision of Gaziantep Cultural Heritage Preservation Board, under the Gaziantep Castle, one of the symbols of the city, an urban legend, “Sweet-Bitter Water” was found 18 meters underground. When the works were completed, the tunnels that were used for defense until the period of the War of Independence around the castle and the city were unearthed and turned into tourism. kazanwill be raised.
Metropolitan Municipality continues to work on history underground as well as history above the city. In this context, he accelerated his work by making the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) temporary list with his kastel and livas study. With the oral history studies conducted with the elderly living in the city, it was revealed as a result of the cleaning works, which is said to be under the Gaziantep Castle and which is a legend of the city, “fresh-brackish water”. In the studies carried out in the northwest of Gaziantep Castle under the supervision of Gaziantep Museum Directorate, it is aimed to find a tunnel system of 18 meters by determining that the ground continues in the south, southeast and northeast directions 500 meters below the ground.
EFFECTIVE USED IN ANTEP DEFENSE
During the cleaning works carried out by the Metropolitan Municipality in Gaziantep Castle, the old electricity lines of the tunnel were renewed, the unlit fixtures were replaced, and the lighting system became more homogeneous. The castle tunnels, which are known to be a branch of the tunnel systems that are thought to have connections at other points of the city and are also used effectively in the Antep Defense, will be mapped and connections will be made with investigations and studies. The bitter-fresh water, which was found to be related to the kastel and livas in the city, was taken under investigation. Gaziantep Castle, which stands upright in the city center with its 6-year-old history, secret passages, tunnels, defense systems and castels, will be combined with scientific studies and more reliable data will be obtained after cleaning all the tunnels and water resources to the last detail with the work to be continued. accompanied by tourism kazanwill be raised. With the works it carries out, the Metropolitan Municipality will continue to bring to light the historical and cultural structures of Gaziantep and the unknowns that it has kept as a secret.
ŞAHİN: THE TOWN AND THE GALLERIES WILL BE DISCOVERED, THE SECRET OF THE CITY WILL BE SOLVED
Visiting the “Fresh-Brackish Water”, Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Fatma Şahin said, “We are in Gaziantep's face of Antep Castle. There was a story told in our childhood. They said, 'There is a bitter and fresh water under the castle.' We have now found the fresh water in which the fish swim. There are lines from Antep Castle to Dülük. We are working with our KUDEB president and our entire team, our expert colleagues. Caving is a rising value. It is of great importance to introduce this historical texture under the castle to the world and to attract this network to our city. As of the current studies, we have opened the 500-meter line and we will continue on our way. The secret of the city will be solved with the tunnels and galleries unearthed. ”
ABOUT GAZİANTEP CASTLE
Gaziantep Castle, one of the most beautiful examples of the castle can survive in Turkey is, by necessity splendor and majesty, in both the city center date on which hides a secret edge Alleben creek's south, is on a hill attracts almost everyone's attention at an altitude of about 25 meters. It is known that Gaziantep Castle was built on a mound dating back to 6 years ago and the Chalcolithic Period, and in the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC there is a small city called “Theban” and its vicinity. It was understood as a result of archaeological excavations that the castle was first built as a watchtower during the Roman Period and was expanded over time in the 2nd or 4th centuries BC. Its present form was taken in 527 and 565 after Christ during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinyanus, called "The Architect of Castles". Again, during this period, the castle underwent a major repair and towers were built with arched and vaulted galleries, which were connected with these galleries to provide leveling during the repair, and their fortifications expanded to the west, south and east, to the border of the hill. In this form, the castle took an irregular circular shape. There are 12 towers on the castle sizes. Although Evliya Çelebi mentioned the 36 signs of the castle in his Travel Book, only 12 of them are seen today. It is estimated that the remaining 24 bastions are located on the outer walls of the fortress and cannot survive until today. There is a moat around the castle and the transition to the castle is provided by a bridge. In the years following the Byzantine period, especially Mameluks, Dulkadiroğlu and Ottomans, occasionally repaired the castle according to the need, and repair inscriptions were placed on it. The castle was overhauled for the second time by the Sultan of Egypt, Registerbay, in 1481. It is understood from the inscription on the main gate that the towers on both sides of the main gate and the castle bridge were rebuilt in 1557 by Suleiman the Magnificent during the Ottoman Empire.